Introduction

Battle Mine Creek

In 1861 when President Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 troops I engaged myself for the great Civil War, the War of the Rebellion. The United States was not taking Negro troops. (Alexander H. Newton a free black living in New York City , For the Civil War's first two years slavery was the elephant in the room - an unavoidable object whose presence was denied. The Union government was determined to show that the war was not about slavery. It was about preserving the union or states' rights...

The Soldier In Battle

Mine Creek Battlefield

Personally I shrink from danger, and most decidedly prefer a safe corner at my own fireside to an exposed place in the face of the enemy on the battlefield, but so strongly was I persuaded of the importance of giving colored troops a fair field and full opportunity to show of what mettle they were made, that I lost no chance of insisting upon our right to be ordered into the field. (Lt Col Thomas J. Morgan, 14th LJSCI) One of the key questions whites had about black troops was their willingness...

Aftermath

When the war ended, I goes back to my master, and he treated me like his brother. Guess he was scared of me, because I had so much ammunition with me. (AlbertJones, Co K, 1st Colored Cavalry Jones Narrative ) Was their service worth it for the blacks who fought in the United States Army during the Civil War George Grant thought it was. Many times after the war he would tell his daughter, Omelia Thomas, I am part of the cause that you are free (Thomas Narrative). Charles H. Anderson was less...

Appearance And Dress

A colored sentinel was marching on his beat in the streets of Norfolk, VA, when a white man, passing by, shouldered, him insolently off the sidewalk, into the street. The soldier, on recovering himself called out,, - White man, halt The white man, Southerner like, went straight on. The sentinel brought his musket, to a ready, cocked it, and, hailed again, - White man, HALT, or I'll fire The white man, hearing shoot in the lone, halted, and faced about. While man, continued the sentry...

Bibliography

Creek Freedmen Bureau

Ayers, James T., The Diary of James T. Ayers, Civil War Recruiter, printed by authority of the State of Illinois, Springfield, IL (1947, rev. edn Louisiana State University Press, 1999) Brown, William Wells, The Negro in the American Rebellion his Heroism and his Fidelity, Lee and Shepard, Boston (1867, rev. edn Ohio University Press, 2003) Bruner, Peter, A Slave's Adventures Toward Freedom not Fiction, but the True Story of a Struggle, Oxford, OH (1910) Califf, Joseph M., Record of the...

African American Soldier in the Civil

MARK LARDAS is an amateur historian, who has written extensively about naval, maritime, and military history subjects of a varied nature. He has a particular enthusiasm for the American Civil War and has spent much time researching the lives of the troops during the conflict. His previous titles for Osprey include WAR 105 Native American Mounted Rifleman 1861-65. He lives and works in League City, Texas, USA. PETER DENNIS was born in 1950. Inspired by contemporary magazines such as Look and...

Conditions Of Service And Daily Life

During my temporary absence as brigade inspector my own company refused to answer their names when I inspected them, thinking I had left the company and xvas trying to make them take seven dollars per month I know of no luhite regiment that zvould have remained in the service thirteen, months as my company has, without any pay, that xuould have given us less trouble. Capt Thomas W. Fry, 14th Rhode Island Heavy Artillery Colored , relating a mutiny over pay. Chenery Black troops experienced...

Color Plate Commentary

A PRIVATE, 54TH MASSACHUSETTS, 1863 The 54th Massachusetts Colored was one of the first African American regiments raised, and one of only four African American regiments which remained in commission until the end of the Civil War to retain a state designation the 55th Massachusetts and 29th Connecticut Infantry regiments and the 5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry were the others . Famed for its attack on Battery Wagner in July 1863, it fought at other major battles including Olustee. It has...

Chronology

Emancipation Proclamation Take Effect

December 20 South Carolina secedes from the United States. February 4 Confederacy formed joined initially by North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. April 12 Fort Sumter fired upon by Confederate forces. April 15 President Lincoln declares a state of insurrection and sends out a call May 26 Gen Benjamin Butler refuses to return three runaway slaves to their Virginian owners, claiming they are contraband of war. August 6 First Confiscation Act...

Union Cavalryman Osprey

Creek Indians Coloring Pages Clothing

References to illustrations are shown in bold. Plates are shown with page and caption locators in brackets. Addeman, Capt Joshua M. 27-28 Anderson, Charles Gabriel 55, 56 Anderson, Charles H. 31, 55, 56 Avers, James 11-12 Baltimore, William 56, 57 Billings, John 25,41 Blunt, Gen James G. 47 Boone, Arthur 20 Brown, William Wells 6, 47 Brunei, Jacob 16, 20 Brunei, Peter 12, 29, 32, 41, 56, 61 Butler, Gen Benjamin 4, 5, 5 Butder, Henry H. 11,56,57 Califf, Joseph M. 10, 19, 30, 48 Callioux, Capt...

Museums And Reenactment

107th Colored Infantry Band

There are several museums on the black contribution to the Civil War. The African American Civil War Memorial Freedom Foundation and Museum at 1200 U Street N.W., Washington, DC 20009, is a national museum dedicated to the service of the USCT during the American Civil WTar. The museum is open Monday to Friday from 10am to 5pm, and Saturday 10am to 2pm. You can get more information at the muse urn's websi te http www. ajroamcivilwar. org. Another good African American military history museum is...

Enlistment

Confederate Enlistment

Madam - I seal myself at this time as an opportunity affords itself to me to drop you a few lines in xvay of a communication, to inform you that I am well and I hope ivhen this comes to hand that it may find you all the same. My object in writing is to inform you that I have enlisted in the army of the United Slates for one year, but having faith and confidence in my Father above, I live in hopes to get back home once more, xohen I expect to find my ivork and old customers waiting for their old...

Training

William Penn And Philadelphia

The first attempt to form company xuas a crucial lest of the faith of the new officer. No uniform clothing had been issued, and many of the recruits had scarcely rags enough to hide their nakedness. I confess that I was staggered, almost appalled, at the thought of the self-imposed task. Henry Romeyn, on taking charge of a company in the 14th Less promising material for soldiers than the newly recruited African American troops was hard to find in Civil War America. Most slaves were unfamiliar...