Museums And Reenactment

There are several museums on the black contribution to the Civil War. The African American Civil War Memorial Freedom Foundation and Museum at 1200 U Street N.W., Washington, DC 20009, is a national museum dedicated to the service of the USCT during the American Civil WTar. The museum is open Monday to Friday from 10am to 5pm, and Saturday 10am to 2pm. You can get more information at the muse urn's websi te: http://www. ajroamcivilwar. org.

Another good African American military history museum is the Buffalo Soldiers National Museum, at 834 Southmore, Houston, TX

The 54th Massachusetts

At the war's end, most of the African American regiments were mustered out, and sent home. Here the troops of the 54th USCI greet their wives and children upon their discharge. USCT soldiers, like their white counterparts, were allowed to keep their personal weapons. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

The band of the 107th USCI. Although the bandsmen are all black, the bandmaster (left) is a white NCO. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

77004. Privately owned, it has a more general focus, covering the military activities of African Americans in the United States from the Revolution through to today's "War on Terror." This museum is open Monday to Friday 10am to 5pm, Saturday 10am to 4pm. Its website is http://iuiuxv.buffalosoldiermuseum.com.

On the web, one really outstanding resource for those interested in the USCT is the United States Colored Troops' website (http://xuiuw.lxufdam. net/au), compiled by Bennie J. McRae, Jr.

Several groups reenact the service of the USCT soldiers. The United States Colored Troops Living History Association (littp:// xuww.usctlha.org) is a national organization with 13 different "regiments" throughout the United States.

The 54th Massachusetts and 1st South Carolina (later the 33rd USCI) are two units popular with reenactors. There are several groups of 54th Massachusetts reenactors. 54th. Mass. Volunteer Infantry, Co. I operates out of Charleston, SC. Its website is http://wxuw.axuod. com/cxuchas/5 4ma.html. Co. B is in Washington DC. Its website is http://xuxuxu.54thmass.org/54about.html. The 1st US South Carolina maintains a web page at http://xuww.awod.com/cwchas/lsc.html.

Several battlefield parks also have annual reenactments of battles involving black troops. The most notable is the Olustee Battlefield in Florida, which annually reenacts that battle. Its web page is http: //extlab 1. entnem. ufl. edu/olustee/index, html.

Another group of reenactors is associated with Camp Nelson, Kentucky, one of the main training camps for the US Colored Troops. Camp Nelson is now a Heritage Park, with reenacting groups representing the 12th United States Colored Heavy Artillery, 5th United States Colored Cavalry, and 5th United States Colored Infantry, all units that trained at Camp Nelson. The Camp Nelson website is http: //wxuxu. campnelson. org/home. htm.

The band of the 107th USCI. Although the bandsmen are all black, the bandmaster (left) is a white NCO. (Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division)

107th Colored Infantry Band
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