French William Henry 181581

The French Creek Mines

William French was born on 18January 1815in Baltimore, Maryland. He-was graduated with West Point's class of 1837, a classmate of John Sedgwick and Joseph Hooker, and assigned to the 1st US Artillery. He served in Florida and then in the Mexican War. where lie was breveted a captain and a major for gallantry and meritorious conduct. The outbreak of the Civil War found him in command of a garrison deep in Southern territory, at Eagle Pass, Texas. Rather than surrender to state authorities, he...

Introduction

P HE organization of the United States Armv in I8 3l was based on i he needs of a nation basically at peace, with no borders tn guard against an aggressive enemy, and a traditional national distrust oJ large standing armies. The army had no units larger than a regiment, and even these regiments rarely came together as a single force, 1 gt lt ing largely dispersed among many separate and often remote forts in company strength. As a result the army felt no need for any rank higher than a...

Kearny Philip 181562

Phillip Keamy

Philip Kearny was born in New York City on 2 June 1815. The scion of a wealthy, socially prominent family, he was graduated from Columbia University in 1833. l ie inherited a million dollars in - an almost unimaginable sum at that date - but nevertheless decided to follow his dream into the army. Commissioned into his uncle's regiment, the 1st Dragoons, in 1837 as a second lieutenant, Kearny attended the French cavalry school at Saumur in 1839 He served with the Chasseurs d'Afrique in Algiers...

Chamberlain Joshua Lawrence 18281919

Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain

Born in Brewer, Maine, on 8 September 1828, Chamberlain see Plate H3 was educated at a military academy at Ellsworth, then graduated from Bowdoin College in 1852 finally he graduated from the Bangor Theological Seminary in 1855. He was then named a professor at Bowdoin, the post that he held when the Civil War began. Commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 20th Maine in August 1862, he subsequently became the tin it's colonel. Given his military academy and teaching experience, he seems to have...

Gibbon John 182796

Iron Brigade John Reynolds

Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 20 April 1827, John Gibbon see Plate F3 was graduated from the US Military Academy in 1847. He saw service in Mexico and in the Seminole War, and as an artillery instructor at West Point, writing a standard book on the subject thereafter. On the When John Gibbon, a professional artilleryman, first earned command of an infantry brigade, contemporaries predicted that the unit would not be drilled in evolutions of the tine, known only hy infantry officers....

Commanders

Philip Katcher Illustrated by Richard Hook First published in Great Britain in 2002 by Osprey Publishing, Elms Court Chapel Way, Botley, Oxiond 0X2 9LP, United Kingdom Email inferos prey publishing, com All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copynght, Designs and Patents Act. 19BS, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval syslem, or iransmitted in any form or by any...

MEADE George Gordon 181572

John Philip Harney

George Meade see Plate El was born in Cadiz, Spain, on 31 December 1815, the son of a wealthy American merchant who was wiped out financially by adhering to Spain's cause in the Napoleonic Wars-Returning to the United States, Meade attended Mount Hope Institution and then the US Military Academy from which lie was graduated in 1835. He saw service in Florida and at the Water town Arsenal before resigning in 1836 to work as a civil engineer. He returned to the army on 19 May 1842 as a second...

HUNT Henry Jackson 181989

Colonel Henry Jackson Picture

Henry Hunt see Plate C3 was born in Detroit on 14 September 1819. A third-generation regular army officer, Hunt was graduated from West Point in 1839. He served as a lieutenant of artillery in Winfield Scott's audacious advance on Mexico City in August 1847, earning brevets to captain and major for gallantry At Chumbusco he galloped his gun up to the walls of the capital as the gun nil limbered almost eveiv man and horse was hit, but the survivors got the piece into position only yards from a...

Sheridan Philip Henry 183188

Gettysburg Second Day

Philip Sheridan see Plate G3 was bom ill Albany, New York, on 6 March 1831, but his family soon moved to Somerset, Ohio, There Sheridan acquired his basic education and clerked in a general store, before being appointed to the West Point class of 1852. While at the Academy he was suspended for a year for lighting with a fellow cadet, hence graduating in 1853, in the bottom third of his class. He was appointed to the 4th US Infantry, and served thereafter on the frontier. Coming East at the...

The Plates

Winfield Scott Hancock Wife

The regulation uniform of a general officer was a double-breasted dark blue frock coat with a dark blue velvet standing collar and round jam pot cuffs. Major-generals had two rows of nine buttons arranged in groups of three brigadier-generals had two rows of eight buttons arranged in pairs. Rank was also indicated by transverse shoulder straps of dark blue velvet edged with gold embroidery, bearing two silver stars for a major-general and one for a brigadiergeneral. The cap or hat badge was a...

Barlow Francis Channing 183496

Engravings Ambrose Burnside

Francis Channing Barlow see Plate F2 was born in Brooklyn, New York, on 19 October Itt-H, His father was a minister, and he was raised in his motlier's hometown of Brookline, Massachusetts. Barlow was a member of the Harvard graduating class of 1855, after which he went to New York to study law. Admitted to the bar in 1858, he was in practice there until the outbreak of the Civil War. He joined the 12th Regiment, New York State Militia as a private in the heat of passion that followed the...

Reynolds John FuJton 182063

Death General Reynolds Gettysburg

John Reynolds see Plate E2 was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, on 20 September 1820. After attending Lancaster County Academy he was graduated from West Point in 1841. He served as an artillery officer on the Atlantic coast and in Texas before the Mexican War, in which he was breveted a captain and major for gallant and meritorious conduct. After years of garrison duty, be became Commandant of Cadets at West Point in September I860, leaving the Academy to become lieutenant-colonel of the 14th...

McClellan George Brinton 182685

Winfield Scott With George Brinton

George McClellan see Plate CI was born in Philadelphia on 3 December I82i gt . Attending the L niversity of Pennsylvania, Ik- left in order to enter West Point, where he was graduated second in his class of 1846. Appointed to the Corps of Engineers he was noted for getting roads and bridges built during Scott's Mexico City campaign of 1847. earning nvo brevets. Thereafter he returned to West Point as an instructor translated a French bayonet manual explored the sources of the Red River was one...