Spanish Protected Truck

Imagies Cubas Exports

Note letters in bold refer to plates and illustrations. A-20 cavalry tank Russian 45 antitank guns 29, 34 German PaK 40 75mm 46 German Rheinmetall 37mm PaK 36 5, 6, 8, 20, 23, 28, 32 Italian 47mm 32 Soviet 19-K 45mm 5, 8 'Aranjuez Group' Republican 15, 16-18 mechanical exhaustion 18 Archena training and technical center 15 Arman, Maj Paul 15-16, 18, 19, 23 armored cars 15 BA-3 Russian 15, 22, 27, 40 BA-6 medium 40, 40 Bilbao Spanish 11, 11-12 Blindado B.C. Spanish 38, 39 Blindado B.C....

Cv 335 Raggruppamento Carristi 1938

Although some of the older CV 3 33 tankettes appear to have arrived in a scheme of brick red with small dark green splotches rosso ruggine, verde scurro the majority of the tankettes appeared in standard army gray green grigio verde . This camouflage scheme sometimes was amplified with blotches of dark brown, as seen on this tankette. The regimental markings switched from the RRS to the Raggruppamento Carristi RC with a set of simple white geometric symbols being adopted for the four companies,...

The Prewar Dinosaurs

Prewar Armoured

Carro de Artiller e Schneider CA1, Madrid, 1936 In 1926, the Spanish Army adopted gray as the standard color for its vehicles, which were sometimes nicknamed Tiznado as a result. The Schneiders had been put into reserve before the war due to their poor mechanical state, but saw some combat use in the initial fighting in 1936, including the attack on Cuartel de la Monta a. Protected trucks and some tanks, such as the Schneider here, were decorated with the names of the political militias that...

Introduction

Soviet Union Tank

The dominant tank in the Spanish Civil War was the Soviet T-26. This captured Republican T-26 Model 1937 was put on display in front of the Gran Kursaal in San Sebasti n in 1938 after its capture near Tremp-L rida. NARA The Spanish Civil War was the first European conflict to see the extensive use of tanks since their debut in World War I. It came at a crucial time in European tank development, when production went from a few hundred tanks per year to many thousands. The Great Powers looked to...

Nationalist Expansion

Dutch Armoured Bosnia

Following the Brunete campaign, Franco shifted the focus of the Nationalist attack from the stiffly defended Madrid region to the isolated Asturias and Basque regions in the north. Following the Guadalajara debacle, the Italian CTV was shifted to the Asturias front along with the RRS and its four tankette companies. Curiously enough, this was a sector where Republican tanks other than the Soviet types were predominant, including Renault FT tanks. This industrial region was the center of...

Tank Technology On The Eve Of

World War Tanked And Armored Cars

In the wake of World War I, most European armies neglected further tank development. An ample supply of tanks was still on hand from the war, and the meager defense budgets of the 1920s did not encourage expensive new programs. Germany was forbidden tanks under the Versailles Treaty and the Soviet Union was still licking its wounds after a debilitating civil war. Tank development began to accelerate in the early 1930s. The World War I tanks had been mechanically arthritic even in their prime,...

Pzkpfw I Ausf A Bandera De Carros De Combate De La Legion Cubas De La Sagra 1938

Armored Car

The first batch of PzKpfw I Ausf A tanks that were delivered to Spain with Panzergruppe Drohne were painted in the Buntfarbenstrich mottled paint pattern consisting of No.17 earth yellow, No.28 green, and No.18 brown. When tanks were rebuilt, they were sometimes overpainted in lighter finishes more suitable for Spanish conditions, with bands of sand- or earth-colored paints. The PzKpfw I tanks eventually received similar markings to the Legion T-26, except that the turret bands were far less...

Cv 335breda Raggruppamento Carristi 1938

Cross Flame Airbrushed Tanks Pics

This is the sole example of the CV 3 35 tankette that was upgraded with the Breda 20mm M35 cannon. The rhomboid side markings are those used by the independent company of the RC, which contained the regiment's flame-thrower tanks and other specialized types. A column of PzKpfw I Ausf A tanks of the Nationalist 1st Batall n de Carros de Combate moves forward with the crew riding outside. John Prigent Collection A column of PzKpfw I Ausf A tanks of the Nationalist 1st Batall n de Carros de...

T26 Model 1933 Bandera De Carros De Combate De La Legion Cubas De La Sagra 1938

International Brigade 1938

The captured T-26 tanks, more popularly called Vickers in Nationalist service, were rebuilt and repainted by Panzergruppe Drohne at their Cubas base before being incorporated into the Spanish Legion tank regiment. In ordered to prevent their misidentification as Republican tanks, they were prominently marked with the red yellow red flag colors of Franco's forces and usually had the turret roof painted in white with a St Andrew's Cross for air identification to prevent being attacked by...

Origins Of The Spanish Civil

Spanish Rebels Civil War

The muscle of the rebel movement against the Popular Front government came from the Army of Africa. The nominal head of the coup forces was General Jos Sanjurjo, the Lion of the Rif, who had commanded the bold Alhucemas amphibious landings in 1925. The coup was launched on July 18, 1936, starting in Spanish Morocco, after which the colonial units began their move to the Spanish mainland. The rank and file of the Spanish Navy proved less enthusiastic to the rebel cause than the Army of Africa,...

Bt5 1 St Tank Division Ebro Campaign 1938

Turret Gun Cars For Irish Civil War

Prior to the Teruel fighting in late 1937, the Republican tank force was consolidated into a tank division with the surviving BT tanks in a separate regiment. In a departure from the usual practice, the turret was painted in the Republic flag colors of purple, yellow, and red. It is unclear if this was done with a BT-5 that had been recaptured from the Nationalists, or was simply a way of distinguishing the relatively rare BT tanks. The final delivery batch of T-26 tanks were the Model 1937,...

Spanish Civil War Tanks

Tanks Spanish Civil War

First published in Great Britain in 2010 by Osprey Publishing, AUTHOR'S NOTE Midland House, West Way, Bot ey, Oxford,0X2 0pH, UK The author would especially like to thank John Prigent, Oscar Bru a Royo, 44-02 23rd St, Suite 219, Long Island City, NY 11101, USA Mary Habeck, and Ken Estes for their help on this project. E-mail info ospreypublishing.com All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the...

Tanks In Spain

Armored Truck The Spanish Civil War

Spain had been in the backwater of European military developments for more than a century. It had a dozen Renault FT light tanks and six of the heavier Schneider CA1 tanks from France in the years after World War I. The Renault FTs were dispatched to Morocco in 1921 to support the Spanish Foreign Legion Tercio de Extranjeros in its fight against the Rif rebellion. A young officer of the 1st Batall n 1a Bandera of the legion, Major Francisco Franco, remarked, Armored cars and tanks are well...

T26 Model 1933 Aranjuez Group Madrid November 1936

Corpo Truppe Volontarie 1936

Krivoshein's Republican battalion at the time of the Madrid fighting had extremely simple markings, usually a two-digit tactical number painted on the hull front, either side of the turret, and sometimes on the hull rear. This particular example was more colorfully marked than most, with slogans on the turret and hull side Viva el Ejercito del Centro Long live the Army of the Center and Viva Madrid. The communist hammer-sickle was sometimes applied to Republican tanks. The finish is the usual...

Initial Battles For Madrid

Semyon Krivoshein

The small numbers of armored vehicles available in Spain in 1936 meant that neither side had a significant tank force at the beginning of hostilities. The Republicans inherited the greater share of armored vehicles, but this offered little advantage. The old Renault and Schneider tanks were not mechanically reliable, nor were the small numbers of Spanish-built tanks such as the Trubia. The Bilbao armored cars, while relatively numerous, were essentially road-bound and poorly armed. The...