Armored Units of the Russian Civil

Russian Civil War Red Army Armored Cars

David Bullock Illustrated by Andrei Aksenov and Peter Sarson First published in Great Britain in 2006 by Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford 0X2 OPH, UK 443 Park Avenue South. New York, NY 10016, USA. Email fnfo ospreypublishtng.com All rights reserved- Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a...

New Vanguard

Soviet Armored Train

The design, development, operation and history of the machinery of warfare through the ages Armored Units of the Russian Civil War By 192 the Red Army of Russia fielded an overwhelming array of armored cats, armored trains, and tank detachments. These armored units played a critical part in consolidating the newly won Bolshevik empire in the early 1920s. In particular, as a consequcnce of the fact that railways were the strategic arteries that essentially controlled Russia, armored trains have...

Technical Specifications

German Armored Trains

An attempt has been made to eliminate several features of the Mark A that had been abandoned in 1918 or earlier, and therefore not available to the Red Army Design Sir William Tritton, design began December 1916 Crew 3-4, commander, driver, one or two machine gunners the British preferred three crew, the Russians four Combat Weight 14 tons Power-to-weight ratio 6.43hp per ton Length 20ft 6.1m Height 9ft 2.75m Width 8ft, 7in. 2.62m Width lor conveyance by rail 8ft, 7in. 2,62m Engine Two 45hp...

Info

Polish Armored Cars

Armored cars joined the pursuit of the AFSR from November 1919 to April 1920. The Konarmiya, with the 9th, 32nd and 1st 52nd In Honor of Sverdlov detachments, maintained steady pressure on the retreating Whites and was particularly active in the Don Basin and Rostov region in early 1920. Elements of the Kmmrmiya supported by the 1st 52nd routed a White cavalry unit supported by four tanks near Rostov on January. The Whites badly damaged the Red care, however, during street fighting inside...

Colors And Markings Of The Armored Units

Photo German Armored Trains

A rigid set of instructions regarding the colors, markings and insignia of armored units does not seem to have existed prior to 1922. Nevertheless, general patterns emerge based 011 photographic evidence and collected information. Base colors were similar to those used in World War 1 however, patterns of camouflage emerged in the second half of the ciril war. Re vol utio nan-slogans appeared occasionally on tanks, armored cars and armored trains, vetted for political correctness by the attached...

Color Plate Commentary

Kakhovka 1920

At GARFORD-PUTiLOV GUN CAR, GUNNER, SIBERIA, 1919 Note the shields covering rear 76.2mm gun and shell damage in rear. Gunner is in weathered Army Green with white tetters. Top right inset is Urnlets, a Garford-Putlilov that fought on the Polish front in 1920 before being captured. The red tetters were on weathered Army Green. Falcon II top left inset is in naval grey with red letters, the name positioned on the side plate below the gun turret. Falcon II saw action on the Petrograd front,...

Armored Cars

Austin Kegresse Armored Half Track

The Russians had imported 346 armored cars or chassis and had produced at least 201 more during World War One. By Summer 1917. the democratic Provisional Government, heir to the February Revolution, stood second place in the world for total number of armored cars, only behind Great Britain. Armored cars played a prominent role in the street fighting that accompanied the Bolshevik seizure of power in Moscow and Petrograd during the October Revolution. 38 armored cars, 31 of t.hem Austin 1st, 2nd...

Bibliography And Note On Sources

Few references exist in the West about early Soviet armor. Those that do, consist of encyclopedic entries or small articles. Many of these suffer from lack of information, an understandable phenomenon given the historical shadow that descended on Russia and those areas in its orbit after the conclusion of the Russian Civil War. Inside Russia today, only one book makes significant reference to armored cars during die civil war. Similarly, onlv one book covers tanks. Two Russian books have been...

Russian Armored Trains

Muscovite Proletarian

C1 Mark V composite tank, Muscovite Proletarian, Southern Front, November 1920 C1 Mark V composite tank, Muscovite Proletarian, Southern Front, November 1920 C2 Renault FT-17, No. 1930, Amurets with Hotchkiss machine gun , 5th Platoon, 1st Amursk Heavy Tank Division, Blagoveschensk, eastern Siberia, 1920 C2 Renault FT-17, No. 1930, Amurets with Hotchkiss machine gun , 5th Platoon, 1st Amursk Heavy Tank Division, Blagoveschensk, eastern Siberia, 1920 D MARK A WHIPPET TANK NO. A 322, STENKA...

Red Armored Train Profiles

Foto German Armored Train

Anti-aircraft armored train from Izhorsk Works, 3rd Petrograd Avenger, 4th Petrograd No 44 In Honor of Volodarsky C. No. 41 Glorious Leader Egorov of the Red Army E. No. 45 In Honor of the 3rd International H. No. 71 In Honor of Volodarsky Akthyr Native I. No. 3 Power to the Soviets, No. 7 Stenka Razin. No, 10 in Honor of Rosa Luxemburg, and No. 12 in Honor of Comrade L Trotsky P. No, 89 In Honor of L. D. Trotsky S. No. 60 In Honor of Karl Liebknecht, and Communist Korostensky Region V. No....

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Estonian Armoured Train

Operations, Northwest and West Fronts Five armored ear detachments, the 1st, 2nd, 23rd, 26th and 28th, participated in the counter-attack against Yudenich in May and June 1919, While helping halt the White offensive, two detachments, the 2nd and 23rd, were effectively put out of action. The 1st, 6th, 7th, 18th, 23rd, 26th, 28th, 37th and 50th Armored Car Detachments defended against Yudenich's second bid for Petrograd in September-November 1919. Several newly produced Russian Austins featured...

Chinese Armoured Train

Red Army Latvia 1919 Budenovka

Likolaevsk 7. , , _ Krasnoyarsk , r0v series armored locomotive, armored train No. 49, Sormowo Works, Nizhny Novgorod, 1919. The O stood for osnovnoy or 'primary, but was known unofficially as ovyechka or the lamb, hence Ov. These reliable locomotives were built at the BNIZ Works in Bryansk. The Ov 19m long, 3,2m wide, 4.72m high, 115 tons had a two-cylinder compound, saturated steam, 600hp engine capable of 45km pti, Kolomiets r0v series armored locomotive, armored train No. 49, Sormowo Works,...