Uniform of Major General George G Meade

As a captain in 1861, George G.

Meade was given command of one of the Pennsylvania brigades and promoted brigadier general. He fought under General McClellan during the Peninsula Campaign and was severely wounded at the Battle of Glendale (June 30, 1862). Barely recovered, he fought at Second Manassas, South Mountain, and Antietam. Meade commanded a division during the failure at Fredericksburg, performed well at Chancellorsville the following spring, and was placed in charge of the Army of the Potomac actually while on the march to Gettysburg. Meade held the Federal forces together and forced the retreat of General Lee, but was severely criticized for not mounting an aggressive pursuit. He offered to resign, but was refused, and was promoted to brigadier general in the Regular Army in January 1864. Meade led the army through the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, and the siege of Petersburg, though always under the shadow of Grant. He was finally promoted major general near the end of the war.

Siege Petersburg WeaponsGeneral Meade Frock Coat

Buff silk general officer's sash Case for item 3 Meade's binoculars Wool frock coat with shoulder strap insignia denoting the rank of major general

Officer's slouch hat with the insignia of maior general, which was worn by Meade during the Battle of Gettysburg Pair of officer's leather boots High-grade general officer's sword belt of red morocco leather, featuring gold bullion embroidery

High-grade eagle-head officer's spurs Model 1839 Topographical Engineer officer's saber and scabbard made by N. P. Ames, Springfield. Massachusetts Attachment straps for eagle head spurs, item 8

11 Coin silver forks made by Filley and Mead, from a mess set used by Meade during the Mexican and Civil Wars

12 Coin silver tea spoons from Meade's mess set

13 Coin silver table spoons from Meade's mess set

14 Major general's forage cap, worn by Meade during the 1864 campaigns

15 Major general's dress epaulettes

Chinese EpaulettesGeneral George Mead Civil War

Also shown are a general officer's sword belt and sash

9 Silver cigar case, engraved with Grant's initials

10 Ivory handled pen commemorating Grant's promotion to lieutenant general in November 1863

11 Shoulder insignia of major general

12 Shoulder insignia of lieutenant general

13 Shoulder insignia of General of the Armies

14 and 7 A pair of major general's dress epaulettes

Uniforms and Personal Regalia of General Ulysses S. Grant

Born at Point Pleasant, Ohio, on April 27, 1822, Ulysses S. Grant served with distinction during the Mexican War, being breveted first lieutenant and then captain. Postwar assignments found him in the Northwest territories, but he resigned from the Army. At the outbreak of war, he sought reinstatement into the Regulars without success, but eventually he obtained the appointment of colonel of the 21st Illinois Infantry and his abilities soon began to be noticed. Promoted to brigadier general, Grant led the successful assaults on Forts Henry and Donelson, which led to his promotion to major general. The battles of Shiloh and the campaign and capture of Vicksburg followed, and then came the relief of Chattanooga and the rout of Confederate General Bragg, which earned Grant the rank of lieutenant general. Grant came east and received the command of all U.S. armies early in 1864. The battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, and finally Petersburg brought the Confederates to bay. Spring 1865 saw Grant drive Lee west to Appomattox Court House where he accepted his surrender.

General's silk sash, embroidered Wool frock-coat with insignia of full general, a rank awarded Grant in 1866 Leather officer's sword belt with gilt belt-plate Wool frock-coat made by the John Wanamaker Co., Philadelphia. Button groupings show that it is that of a full general c. 1866 Leather binocular case Binoculars from item 5 See item 14

Sword in an ivory banded case. The silvered and gilt sword was made by Schuyler, Hartley & Graham, New York, while the gilt and bright blade was made by Collins and Co. in 1862.

Also shown are a general officer's sword belt and sash

9 Silver cigar case, engraved with Grant's initials

10 Ivory handled pen commemorating Grant's promotion to lieutenant general in November 1863

11 Shoulder insignia of major general

12 Shoulder insignia of lieutenant general

13 Shoulder insignia of General of the Armies

14 and 7 A pair of major general's dress epaulettes

General George MeadeGeorge Meade
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