M, 16th North Carolina, was the regimental ensign. He wears the regulation state uniform in this post-war photograph which also shows the regimental battle flag reproduced in the accompanying photograph. Note the axehead hnial on the staff. (North Carolina Department of Archives and History) however, the white border, or rim separating the blue from the red. I would have it simply a red ground with two blue bars crossing each other diagonally, on which shall be the white...


Michael, The Battle Flags of the Confederate Army of Tennessee Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1976 Madaus, Howard M., 'The Conservation of Civil War Flags The Military Historian's Perspective', Papers presented at the Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee Flag Symposium, ig8y Ilar-risburg, 1987 Todd, Frederick P., American Military Equippage, Vol. Providence, Rhode Island, 1977 United Confederate Veterans, The Flags of the Confederate States of America Baltimore, Maryland, 1907

Mine Creek Flags

Hardee Corps Flags

Inches on the hoist by 73I inches on the fly. Moreover, the rectangular battle flags were edged with a pink border on all four sides, with a narrow white bunting border on the hoist through which nine holes were provided for flies to attach the flag to the staff. Regiments of the Army of Tennessee's Reserve Corps, commanded by Gen. John C. Breckinridge, carried the First National Flag. In December 1863 Gen. Joseph Johnston assumed command of the Army of Tennessee and issued orders to replace...

The Third National Flag

Joseph Johnston

From the first day the Second National Flag was run up the flag pole, complaints were made about its appearance. The most serious one was that when limp, in a windless day, it looked like an all-white flag of truce. Many flag makers attempted to resolve this problem by making the canton disproportionately large see Plate Bi . This did not solve the problem, however. The Daily Richmond Examiner suggested that since the horse symbolized the 'equestrian South', it should be used in black on a...

Orphan Brigade Painting

Flag The Choctaw Brigade

The First National Flag carried by the Cherokee Nation. The outer circle of stars arc white and the inner circle red. The First National Flag carried by the Cherokee Nation. The outer circle of stars arc white and the inner circle red. Ej 1st Missouri Cavalry Regiment The nth Wisconsin Infantry captured this Missouri pattern battle flag on 17 May 1863 it is 36 inches by 51 inches in size. The unit served from Elkhorn Tavern until it surrendered at Vicksburg. It was later exchanged, fighting at...

Battle Honours

Generally it was First to Third Bunting Pattern battle flags which were seen by Col. Arthur Fremantle, Coldstream Guards, on a visit to the Army of Northern Virginia in late June 1863. 'The colours of the regiments differ from the blue battle flags I saw with Bragg's Army The Army of Tennessee ,' he wrote. 'They are generally red, with a blue St. Andrew's cross showing the stars Most of the colours in this division Pender's bear the names Manassas, Fredericksburg, Seven Pines, Harpers Ferry,...


Florida Confederate Cavalry Uniforms

1 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment 2 4th North Carolina Infantry Regiment 3 5th Florida Infantry Regiment 4 49th Georgia Infantry Regiment 1 7th Virginia Infantry Regiment 2 28th North Carolina Infantry Regiment 3 9th Virginia Infantry Regiment 4 Co. C, 10th North Carolina Regiment Volunteers - 1st Artillery

Liddell S Brigade Of Hardee S Corps

South Carolina War Flag

The colour sergeant of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, believed to be William C. Smith, holds the regiment's Army of Northern Virginia battle flag. This shows the size of the flag in comparison to a man. The flag also has cords and tassels, which have been coloured gold on the original print cords were unusual among Confederate flags. Lee A. Wallace, Jr., Collection The colour sergeant of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, believed to be William C. Smith, holds the regiment's Army of...


17th Texas

This 'Hnrdcc's pattern ' battle flag was carried by the ijth Tennessee, which as merged with the 2jrd Tennessee after the battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. Initially there was little in the way of unified design or effort to provide standardized flags within the Confederate state west of the Mississippi River. On 18 November 1861 the Chief Quartermaster, Department of Texas, bought '3 large Flags,' made from 68 yards of bunting, from Samuel Maas, but this seems to have been the only...

The Medieval World

247 Romano-Byzantine Armies 4th-9th C. 154 Arthur amp Anglo-Saxon Wars 255 Armies of the Muslim Conquest 125 Armies of Islam. 7th-11 th C. 150 The Age of Charlemagne 89 Byzantine Armies 886-1118 85 Saxon, VikingS Norman 231 French Medieval Armies 1000-1300 75 Armies of the Crusades 171 Saladin amp the Saracens 200 El Cid amp Reconquista 1050-1492 251 Medieval Chinese Armies 50 Medieval European Armies 151 Scots amp Welsh Wars 94 The Swiss 1300-1500 136 Italian Armies 1300-1500 166 German Armies...

Other Flags

Hardee Flag

There were no official pennons or guidons carried by Confederate troops. Officially, in the Army of Northern Virginia at least, regulation battle flags were simply made in small sizes for mounted units w hich carried such flags in the US Army. However, a number of units did carry these small flags. For example, a forked guidon survived with its top half red and its bottom half w hite, marked in white on the top 'ist Co. ist Batl' and in red on the bottom 'N.C. ARTILLERY'. Many small forked...

The Plates

3rd Regiment Battle Flag Arkansas

This variation of the First National Flag was captured from an unknown unit at Gettysburg. It is fairly typical of the First National Flag save that the stars are somewhat larger than usual. The infantry colour sergeant wears a first pattern Richmond Depot jacket, with the three stripes and a star officially designated for an ordnance sergeant but widely worn by colour sergeants. A2 Co. F, 1st Kentucky InFantry Regiment Companies were often presented with a colour on The jrd Louisiana Infantry...

Other Commands

Army Northern Virginia

South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida On 29 August 1862 Beauregard was named to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, which was expanded with the addition of the state of Florida on 7 October. At its strongest, in January 1864, some 38,277 officers and men were on department rolls. Until Beauregard arrived there units within the department, which w as charged with Field grade officers pose in front of an Army of Tennessee or 'Johnston ' version of the Army of Northern Virginia...

Battle Flags

Virginia Regimental Battle Flag

As indicated above, the first major battle of the war, Bull Run or First Manassas, brought to light problems in using the First National Flag on the field of combat. For example, then-brigade commander Jubal Early was advised at one point during the battle that his regiments were firing on friends. Although he thought it was not so, he halted his men and rode out to where he could see a regiment drawn in battle line several hundred yards away. 'The dress of the volunteers on both sides at that...

22nd Mississippi Infantry

18th Mississippi Battle Flag

1 18th Alabama Infantry 2 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment 3 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment 4 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment 1 18th Alabama Infantry 2 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment 3 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment 4 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment 1 4th Mississippi Infantry Regiment 2 6th Kentucky Infantry Regiment 3 7th Mississippi Infantry Regiment 4 38th Alabama Infantry Regiment

The First National Flag

Flags Used The C9nfederact

When Jefferson Davis was sworn into office as the President of the provisional government of the new Confederate States of America on 18 February 1861 in Montgomery, Alabama, the flag that floated over the scene was that of the state of Alabama. The states which had so recently left the almost hundred-year-old United States to form their own government had no flag to represent their new nation. The first flag used to represent the seceding southern states as a whole had a blue field with a...

The Second National Flag

North Carolina 4th Cavalry Battle Flag

Hardly had the seamstresses turned out their first set of First National Flags when complaints about the emblems' appearance began to be voiced. From the military viewpoint, the similarity between the two sides' flags led to confusion, especially at the first big battle of the war, First Manassas. 'The mistake of supposing Kirby Smith's and Elzy's approaching troops to be Union reinforcements for McDowell's right was caused by the resemblance, at a distance, of the original Confederate flag to...


Battle Charleston Harbor

The very heart of the Confederate fighting unit was its flag, which came in a variety of designs and colours. The flag was the rallying point on the field of battle it marked the unit headquarters in camp. In the South in 1861, at the outbreak of the Civil War, Private Sam Watkins of the 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment recalled 'Flags made by the ladies were presented to companies, and to hear the young orators tell of how they would protect the flag, and that they would come back with the flag...