Civil War Blackade Runners

Ship Ventilation

13 Forward cargo hold note this would be completely filled while running the blockade 14 Ventilation duct for crew's quarters one of four 15 Engine room ventilation duct one of four 20 Ship's boat one of four carried 21 Master's cabin and pilot's cabin 22 Company flag Colonel Lamb on pennon 1 Bow, shaped to minimize her bow wave 9 Gaff-rigged spar for propulsion under sail, and also used as a crane jib 11 Ship's cutter one of two carried on board

Bibliography

Civil War Blockade Runners

The blockade runner Atalanta was built in London in 1863 for use as a cross-Channel ferry running between Britain and France. Instead she was turned into a blockade runner, successfully making an initial trip into Wilmington, SC. She was then purchased by the Confederate Navy, which converted her into the commerce raider CSS Tallahassee. North Carolina Maritime Museum, Beaufort, NC The following readily available books are recommended for those interested in further reading on the subject....

Confederate Blockade Runner 186165

Confederate Blockade Runner

Angus Konstam Illustrated by Tony Bryan First published in Great Britain in 2004 by Osprey Publishing, Elms Court, Chapel Way, Botley, Oxford 0X2 9LP, United Kingdom. Email info ospreypublishing.com All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means,...

Propulsion

17th Century Blockade Runner

Steam propulsion was still in its infancy during the Civil War. Steam-powered riverboats appeared during the 1820s, and during the 1850s ocean-going steamers had become relatively common. This said, sail and wind remained the principal form of propulsion for merchant ships throughout the period, and steam was reserved for vessels which carried high-value cargoes, passenger ships and coastal or riverine craft. The designs of engines varied considerably during this period, but in American waters...

Specification

Axis Blockade Runners

Displacement 1,132 tons 1,788 tons fully Length 281ft 6in. 279ft 6in. between the Draft 8ft 6in. 10ft fully laden Propulsion Two oscillating engines and four boilers, powering two sidewheels, producing 350hp, and a maximum speed of 16 knots. Armament Unarmed F Aries and the USS Stettin, March 1863 During the mid-19th century the general design of sidewheel engines improved, but they still took up a considerable space, which could otherwise be used to hold cargo. This longitudinal section of a...

The blockaderunning ports

Blockade Running Images Nassau

The primary role of the blockade runner was to export cotton, and return through the Union blockade with a cargo of essential supplies, usually war materials. This meant that cotton had to be brought to the blockade-running ports, and military supplies had to be transported from these ports to depots, from there to be distributed to the Confederate armies. This usually meant that the best blockade-running ports were ones which were served by good rail links. As the Union blockade tightened, it...

Specialized blockade runners

Armored Sloops Enterprise 1864

By the start of 1863, the Confederate economy was in crisis. A string of Union military successes, and the reluctance of the European powers to recognize the Confederate States of America, had undermined the government's long-held belief in the economic power of cotton. Preventing its free export only seemed to hinder the flow of imports into Southern ports, and withholding it increasingly denied Confederate agents in Europe the financial wherewithal they needed to supply the Army with guns. By...

Color Plate Commentary

Blockade Runner Advance

This unidentified British blockade runner was captured off Wilmington in December 1864. She is still flying the British mercantile red ensign from her stern and an unidentified flag from her mainmast. Note the traces of collision damage to her starboard side. Clyde Hensley Collection, Fernandina, FL A CONVERTED BLOCKADE RUNNERS A1 Advance Built at Greenock in Scotland by Caird amp Co., this sleek blockade runner began life as the schooner-rigged sidewheel steam packet Lord Clyde. Launched in...

Early blockade runners

Sea Blockade Charleston

Before the outbreak of war, the Southern states had virtually no steam-powered merchant marine. When President Lincoln announced the imposition of the blockade, neutral shipping was given 15 days to leave Southern ports. In 1861, the bulk of cotton cargoes exported was shipped by foreign vessels, or else moved by river to Northern ports, where American-registered vessels transported the cotton to Europe. Most foreign vessels which happened to be on the scene at the start of the war sailed from...

Background the blockade

Picture Blockade For Closing Ports

On April 19, 1861, just six days after the fall of Fort Sumter, President Lincoln announced the establishment of a naval blockade of the secessionist states. Historians have argued the legality of this declaration ever since. In the realm of international law, the use of the word blockade implied a tacit recognition that the Confederate States of America constituted a foreign power, rather than a section of an existing country which was in a state of rebellion. Whatever the legalities of...