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Army Dadao

During the Japanese invasion various local auxiliaries fought alongside the regular army as village guards, coast guards and town militias, dressed in quasi-military or civilian clothes. Where uniforms were not available the militiamen wore patriotic armbands and badges on their own clothing. Headgear was more often than not the straw coolie hat. One coastal patrol force in Kwangtung province, were issued with coolie hats made in the same shape as the British steel helmet. Nationalist...

Contents

Historical background the Kuomintang - the Communists -Japanese ambitions in Manchuria THE NATIONALIST ARMY 1937-45 13 Strength, organization and character THE NATIONALIST ARMY 1945-49 16 Strength, organization and character Summer uniforms tunics - trousers - puttees - footwear Headgear uniform headgear steel helmets other headgear Insignia collar patches - identification patches - ami badges - unit badges - armbands Model 1946 winter clothing

Man Carrying Woman In Arms

Carry Arms Chinese

Figures m bold refer to illustrations armoured crews 3S. 38 Auchinleck, Gen Sir Claude 34 Chang Tso-lin, Marshal 5 Chen YL Gen 12 Cheng Tung-kao. Gen 11 Chennault. Gen Claire 7, 8. 9 Chiang Kai-Shek 14 and civil wars 4, 7. 10, 18. 19 and KMT forces 13. 15. IS and World WarH 7, S. 9. 12 China civil wars 3. 4-5, 10-12 map of eastern and central provinces S Chindits 8-9 Chinese Communist Amiy CCP 3, 4-5, 7. 10 Chinese Nationalist Part ' see Kuomintang commandos 38 engineers 46-7, G3 equipment 16....

Chinese Army 1 9 3749

China Man Tunic

A soldier of the early 1940s, remarkably well kitted out for the Chinese Army, with a knapsack as well as a haversack and canvas ammunition bandolier. The almost universal Kuomintang sunburst badge, in white on blue enamel, is pinned to his cap. His rank, equivalent to lance-corporal or private first class, is indicated by the three triangles on his coloured metal or plastic collar patches the small white cotton personal identification patch above his left breast seems to be bordered in blue,...

The Nationalist Army 1 94549

1937 Parliament India Old Images

The Nationalist army had been reduced in size from 3 million men in August 1945 to 2.6 million in 1946 as an economy measure. Out of this total about 870.000 were service and logistical troops of little combat value, leaving a paper fighting strength of about 1.73 million. By late 1946 the field armies were built around a core of 30-plus divisions that had been trained and equipped largely by the US in India and western China since 1942, with a divisional establishment of just under 11.000 men....

Chinese Nationalist Army Rank Insignia

Chinese Army The 30s

Collar patches, and personal identification patches were usually worn above the left breast pocket see 'Insignia', below . Full-cut straight slacks were generally worn with the sen-ice uniform. A popular alternative were riding breeches, worn with either high brown leather boots or high leggings and shoes. Field uniforms were usually the same as those worn by lower ranks in both summer and winter versions. Trousers worn with both seasonal uniforms were often worn with puttees as an alternative...

Chronology

Chinese Nationalist Air Force

7 July A provocation at Lukuochiao on the outskirts of Peking - the 'Marco Polo Bridge incident' - is used as a pretext by Japan to invade China. July Japanese occupy Peking. 13 August Fighting breaks out in Shanghai, where a Chinese army of 500.000 men in 71 divisions face 200.000 Japanese troops. Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist China and the USSR sign a non-aggression pact. 3 September Fall of Kalgan, Inner Mongolia. 12 November Fall of Shanghai, with estimated Chinese losses of 300.000 men. 13...

Uniforms 1 93745

Chinese Nationalist Soldier

The uniform of the Chinese Army in 1937 was practical, reflecting the down-to-earth nature of the ordinary fighting man. Parade-ground smartness was rarely insisted upon outside the occasional elite or bodyguard units. Six years of experience in small scale campaigns against the Japanese on the Manchurian borders had taught the Chinese how to kit out their troops from the limited resources of a poor nation, in utility uniforms for both summer and winter conditions. The high turnover of manpower...

The Plates

Dao Characters

A1 Private, 72nd Division, 7th Army Group Peking-Suiyuan railway, China, August 1937 This private of one of the formations which took the brunt of the early fighting against the Japanese is wearing what is often described as the 'Northern Chinese' uniform. His peaked service cap, of German shape, is made of light cotton with a brown leather peak and chin strap. His tunic and trousers are made from a slightly different shade of light khaki cotton and his puttees from strips of the same cloth....

Stick Grenade Pouch

Uniform Chinesische Armee 1937

A lone Chinese sentry stands guard over a section of the Burma Road in 1944. dressed in a wadded cotton winter jacket with normal lighter weight trousers and puttees, and an Adrian pattern helmet. His kit includes a substantial backpack, bandoliers and two stick grenade pouches. The Chinese Army had only a small number of armoured vehicles in 1937, and these were not grouped in large units as they were in other armies, but dispersed in support of infantry. Armoured crewmen were nevertheless...

Burma 194345

1 Private, 112th Regt, 38th Div, New 1st Army northern Burma, May 1944 2 Lance-Corporal, 22nd Div, New 6th Army Hukawng Valley, March 1944 3 Pnvate 1st Class Ramgarh, India, Aug 1944 1 Tank commander, 1st Provisional Tank Group Burma, 1944-45 2 Major-General Sun Li-jen, 38th Div Burma, late 1943 3 Colonel, US TAG Kunming, 1943

Mauser Chinese Army Photos

Confederate Medical Uniforms

Shang-shh 14. Chung-shih 2nd Lieutenant Warrant Officer II Colour Sergeant Sergeant 15. Hsia-shh t6. Shang-teng Ping 17. l-ieng Ping 18. Ehr-t ng phg Corporal Lance-Corporal Private - trained Private - untrained 7. Chung-hsaio 8.Shao-hsaio 9 Shang-wei to. Chung-wei Lieutenant-Colonel 7. Chung-hsaio 8.Shao-hsaio 9 Shang-wei to. Chung-wei Lieutenant-Colonel 11. Shao-wei 12.Chun-wei 13. Shang-shh 14. Chung-shih 2nd Lieutenant Warrant Officer II Colour Sergeant Sergeant...

World War II and Civil

Philip Jowett Illustrated by Stephen Walsh First published in Great Britain in 2C05 by Osprey Publishing Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford 0X2 OPH. United Kingdom 443 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016, USA All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright. Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form...

Kuomintang Soldiers

German Helmet Chinese Kmt

DURING WORLD WAR II, China was an important partner in the fight against the Japanese Empire. Although often overlooked today as an ally of the United States and the British Empire, China had already been fighting Japanese armies on her own soil for four and a half years when the attack 011 Pearl Harbor opened hostilities between Japan and the Western Allies in December 1941. and thereafter this so-called Sino-Japanese War became absorbed into the wider conflict. It has been estimated that in...

Uniforms 1 94649

Helm Earcut China

A rather portly major of the US-led Training Advisory Group based at Kunming, wearing a superior quality cotton tunic and ski-type cap. He has the usual collar rank patches, an abbreviated chest ID patch, and the left shoulder patch of the TAG - the KMT sun superimposed on red and white diagonal stripes see Plate E3 . His revolver appears to be the short-lived US 1908 .45cal Colt Army Special. US National Archives The uniforms worn by the Nationalists during the Civil War were a chaotic mixture...

The Nationalist Army 193745

Chiang Kai Shek Nationalist Forces

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and his deputy chief-of-staff General Pei Hsung-hsi left , reviewing high-ranking Nationalist officers in Chungking, 1944. All wear standard Chinese Army officers' uniform with Sam Browne belts and, in most cases, breeches with high leather boots. Chiang is wearing his version of the service dress with the addition of an officer's mantle or cloak. disciplined while the 250,000 soldiers of Szechuan in the south-west were described as the worst-trained and equipped,...

Kweichow

Burma Campaign 1944

Stilwell 1883-1946 . 'Vinegar Joe' was an obvious choice to be senior US military representative in China he had studied the language in Peking in the 1920s, and had been US military attache 1935-39. Arriving in March 1942, he was also appointed chief-of-staff by Chiang Kai-shek and immediately sent to extricate hard-pressed Chinese forces in Burma. After the exhausting retreat into India he had to struggle with several simultaneous tasks to re-equip and re-train the...