Sheridans Raids may 9 24 and june 7 28 1864

As part of his efforts to energize the Army of the Potomac, in the spring of 1864 General Grant appointed General Philip Sheridan to command the army's cavalry. Small in stature and abrasive in personality, Sheridan aggressively sought a larger role for the Federal Cavalry. After repeated clashes between Sheridan and the army commander, General Meade, Grant authorized Sheridan to operate independently to defeat J.E.B. Stuart's Confederate cavalry On May 9, Sheridan began the raid with 10,000...

Atlanta Campaign Final Phase august i September 21864

On August 10, hoping to take advantage of the virtual destruction of two Federal cavalry divisions at the end of July, Hood dispatched the bulk of Wheeler's cavalry across the Chattahoochee River into northern Georgia. Hood's aim was to force Sherman to retreat from Atlanta by wrecking his railroad supply line. Wheeler, however, failed to do any serious damage to the railroad, and soon had to flee into Tennessee, thereafter ceasing to be a factor in the campaign. Meanwhile, Sherman again tried...

Confederate Cavalry Raids july4july27 1862

To disrupt General Buell's offensive to seize Chattanooga, Confederate Colonels John Hunt Morgan and Nathan Bedford Forrest led slashing cavalry raids into central Kentucky and middle Tennessee to cut Federal supply lines, and throw Buell's operation into confusion. Morgan left Knoxville on July 4, with 876 officers and men in the newly formed Second Kentucky Cavalry Led by a vanguard of 60 scouts, the column rode north for the bluegrass state of Kentucky. For 24 days, Morgan's Kentuckians...

Hill5bobough

Private Thomas Taylor (right), Company K, 8th Louisiana Infantry 'g Sept 12 Rust, leading the attack on Cheat Mountain, loses his nerve and retreats, (see inset map above) 10) July 11-25 Federals, lead by Jacob D. Cox, advance by way of Kanawha River and occupy Charleston. fn) July 29 Cox's forces advance and occupy gorge at Gauley Bridge, Aug 26 Confederates cross Gauley River at Carnifax Ferry and rout Federals at Cross Lanes. ' 3 Sept 2-10 Rosecrans, having succeeded McClellan, marches three...

Tullahoma Campaign Capture of Chattanooga

Following its defeat at Stones River (called Murfreesboro by the Confederacy) in January 1863, General Braxton Bragg's Confederate Army of Tennessee withdrew to a defensive line which had been established northwest of Tullahoma, Tennessee. Weak and easily turned, Bragg's position nevertheless permitted him to retain control of a rich agricultural area for the Confederacy. For six months, General Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland remained in its camps around Murfreesboro, reorganizing and...

Forrests Operations in Mississippi and Tennessee march i6 November 51864

Forrest's brilliant victory resulted in Federal losses of 617, with 1,618 captured, while the Confederates lost 492. On July 5 Sherman sent Major General Andrew J. Smith with 14,000 Federal troops into Mississippi in a further attempt to intercept Forrest and protect Federal supply lines. Smith advanced south from La Grange, cutting a swath of destruction as he went. To halt Smith, General S.D. Lee joined Forrest, and with a total of 9,460 men, attacked Smith at Harrisburg near Tupelo...

The Drewrys Bluff Campaign mays16 1864

As part of General Grant's master plan for the defeat of the Confederacy in 1864, General Butler was to lead a small Federal army up the James River toward the southern approaches of Richmond. If all went well, Butler would meet Grant near the Confederate capital within ten days of the opening of the campaign. Styled the Army of the James, Butler's force numbered approximately 40,000 troops. On May 5, convoyed by the navy, Butler sailed up the James and landed at Bermuda Hundred, less than 20...

Info

During the Christmas season of 1861, the mood in Richmond was buoyant, while gloom prevailed in Washington. Despite the Union's naval triumph at Port Royal, the balance of military victories in 1861 lay with the Confederacy, while a diplomatic showdown between Britain and the United States threatened to add a second war to Abraham Lincoln's problems. In November a Union warship had stopped the British steamer Trent on the high seas and taken from it the Confederate diplomats James Mason and...

Battles for Atlanta july 20281864

On July 17, Confederate President Jefferson Davis, displeased with Johnston's failure to stop Sherman's advance and doubting that he would make a determined effort to defend Atlanta, removed Johnston from command and replaced him with John B. Hood, who had a well-deserved reputation as a bold, aggressive fighter. Davis believed that the loss of Atlanta would be a devastating blow to the Confederacy, whereas if it could be held as Lee was holding Richmond the war-weary North would abandon its...

Second Manassas Bull Run Campaign Phase

Campaign Second Manassas

In the sweltering heat of late July, 1862, a new threat to the Confederacy loomed out of Northern Virginia. Federal General John Pope massed the beaten elements of the 1862 Valley Campaign and started south toward Culpeper Court House. Lee detested Pope's bombastic proclamations against Southern civilians, and dispatched Stonewall Jackson to supress Pope's Army of Virginia. In early August, Jackson gathered his 22,000 troops at Orange and Gordonsville, but soon advanced to strike at an isolated...

Gettysburg july i 1863

After the discovery on June 30 that Gettysburg was occupied by Brigadier General John Buford's division of Federal cavalry, the Confederates on July 1 sent the divisions of Major General Henry Heth and Major General William Pender of Hill's Corps, down the Chambersburg Road to drive Buford away and occupy Gettysburg. The battle began at 5.30 a.m., when shots were exchanged over Marsh Creek. In the face of Buford's resistance, Heth pushed on cautiously until he reached a point about two miles...

The Turning of the Tide

Pencil Sketches Army

Morale in the Union armies and on the home front reached a new low in the early months of 1863 Captain Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., a future Supreme Court Justice who was recovering from the second of three wounds he would receive in the war, wrote that the army is tired with its hard and terrible experience. I've pretty much made up my mind that the South have achieved their independence. The staunchly patriotic editor of the Chicago Tribune vented his frustration and depression in a private...

Second Manassas Phase 2 august 28301862

From August 27 to the evening of the 28th, Pope's forces scoured the area looking for Jackson's elusive raiders. At 6 p.m. on the 28th, Jackson attacked a detached Federal brigade at Brawner's Farm. This fierce engagement of the Federal brigade - which later became known as the Iron Brigade -gave Pope a point on which to concentrate his forces and destroy Jackson. The Confederates prepared a strong defensive line, with their left at Sudley Springs and their right at Brawner's Farm. The infantry...

Island No 10 And New Madrid

Apriftiiiight Shrouded by heavy storm, Fe gt ieral gunboat Carondekt passes the visSandim.d psyches New Madrid. Joined by gunixia lt rH 0urgon night of April 7 j y g amp f Pope's'tr ops prepare to cross ' riy aftd assault Confederates. Carondekt duels with Confederate shore batteries April- Wb'ij' .gunboats pound Tennessee 3, ' shore ahdesjfence batteries, Pope's.forces 'O M tk only'esiape.route. Island No. 10 s iz d by .Foote's flotilla Confederates surrender on April 8 i March 3-14 Popelaiis...

Chickamauga September 19 201863

With neither side aware of the precise position of its opponent, Thomas sent a division forward to reconnoiter the Chickamauga above . The advancing Federals drove back Forrest's Cavalry, but were in turn hard hit by two of Walker's Confederate divisions. The battle swung back and forth, losses were high, but the results by nightfall were negligible. General Bragg's plan on September 19 called for his army to complete its crossing of Chickamauga Creek and commence a drive south toward Lee and...