The March Begins

Logo For The City Mound Bayo

Towards the end of March 1863, as it grew increasingly clear that his water engineering projects were coming to nothing, Grant ordered McClernand to send a reconnaissance party south from Milliken's Bend to see if a road could be found to the banks of the Mississippi somewhere below Vicksburg and well beyond the reach of its guns. The 69th Indiana Regiment was assigned the task and they set off one fine spring morning, supported by cavalry, a field battery and engineers with bridge-building...

The Battle Of Champion Hill

Information About The Black Mine

Now, at last, Grant turned to head straight for Vicksburg, 35 miles to the west. His first objective had been achieved - he had got his army between Johnston and Pemberton. Grant's men were full of confidence, beginning to realize that this was a remarkable campaign. One gunner wrote 'If there ever was a jubilant army, Grant's army in Jackson was that night.' But Grant allowed little time for celebration. He had the Confederates split and reeling, but he knew that they had reinforcements...

Grants Winter Problems

Vicksburg Mississippi Gangs

For the North, the w inter of 1862-3 was one of profound discontent. Lincoln had three great armies in the field - in Virginia, Tennessee and on the Mississippi - but there had been no victories to celebrate, and one resounding defeat, at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on 13 December. The mid-term elections of 1862 had gone badly for the President's Republican Party. And those in the North who wanted peace at any price were gaining in numbers and in confidence. Meanwhile, in the Mississippi valley...

The Battlefield Today

Battlefield Grand Gulf

4 The arrival Imperial at New Orleans, signifying that the whole length of the Mississippi now lay under Federal control and that the Confederacy was surrounded and split. The statue of Ulysses S. Grant in Vicksburg National Military Park. The US National Park Service has an extensive National Military Park, set in rolling green parkland, at the north-eastern edge of the city of icks-burg. The Visitors' Centre has many exhibits and an audio-visual programme about the Vicksburg cam paign and...

The Siege Of Vicksburg

Vicksburg Lithograph

An artist's impression of the city of Vicksburg in the 1860s, as seen from the .Mississippi. Around Vicksburg Pemberton's men had constructed a defensive line some seven miles in length. Pem-berton reckoned that he had rations for 60 days. In addition to the civilian population of the city, he commanded more than 30,000 men. One of General McPherson's staff officers, when he first rode up the Jackson road and looked at the problem ahead, was impressed kA long line of high, rugged, irregular...

The Opposing Commanders

President Grants And His Children Pic

Grant is the central, key figure in the Vicksburg campaign. It was he who made the running. He was on the attack and, although many of his plans were frustrated and several advances turned into withdrawals, the initiative was his throughout. The Confederates could only react to his moves and try to guess his intentions, hoping for the best. But even when they got it right and Grant's attacks were repulsed, he promptly responded with new pressures and threats from so many directions that, in the...

Living Off The Land

The Land That The Confederates Wanted

He would manage without any help from Banks. He had dealt with McClernand's take-over bid. And he was virtually out of contact with his chiefs in Washington. It was his show. Things were very different on the Confederate side of the hill. In late November 1862 President Jefferson Davis had put General Jo Johnston in over-all charge of all their forces in the western sector. Davis toured the region in December, stressing to Johnston the key importance of holding...

The Strategic Situation Autumn 1862

Carolina Campaign Sherman

The late summer of 1862 saw the high tide of Confederate fortunes. A few months earlier their capital city, Richmond, had seemed to be in grave danger and their armies were falling back in the western sector too. By September the situation had changed dramatically and it was the northern capital, Washington, that seemed threatened. In a masterly campaign through northern Virginia, Robert E. Lee had out-manoeuvred and bewildered John Pope, the new commander of the Federal Army of Virginia, and...

Vicksburg M

Grand Gulf Mississippi

Grant, architect and executor of the Vicksburg campaign. This impression of Grant on campaign, and rather more carefully dressed than usual, was drawn by Sch-abelitz for the Recorder Art Supplement of April 1892. For a catalogue of all books published by Osprey Military, please write to The Marketing Manager, Consumer Catalogue Dept., Michelin House, 81 Fulham Road, London SW3 6RB. First published in Great Britain in 1993 by OsPRn, an imprint of Reed Consumer Books Limited,...