Introduction

The regimental or battery set of colours was more than simply a unit designation, issued for the ease of a commander in identifying his units in the field. It was the very sy mbol of the regiment it was its heart, the thing that drew its members together. As such it was fiercely defended in action, where it flew in the centre of the line, drawing enemy tire upon its carriers. Each regiment received its colours in one of its first formal ceremonies, which itself was almost an initiation into the...

The Plates

Ai National Colour, jd L'S Infantry Regiment, 861 The national colour carried by the country's oldest continuously serving infantry regiment, the 3d, was made under federal contract through the Philadelphia Depot. It displays one of three known patterns of stars in its canton. The lower star is missing from the lower ring in the 34-star variety, while the 35-star variety has no central star but has 21 stars in the outer ring. .12 National Colour, tst Battalion, 1 ith LS Infantry Regiment, 1863...

The Army Of The Potomac

Artillery Flag

As the Union's field armies grew in size, various of their commanders attempted to make units easy to identify in the field through systems of unique flags carried by each formation and unit. The Army of the Potomac's General Orders No. 102 was issued 24 March 1862, under Major-General George B. McClellan's direction, and gave the Union Army its first comprehensive army-wide flag designating system. According to the sections which provided instructions on flags, the army's general headquarters...

Regulation Flags

Regiment Flag With Eagle Finial

The Army of the United States basically had two colours per dismounted regiment, which were issued according to army-wide regulations issued 10 August 1861. From the Revised Regulations for the Army of the United States, 86r. '1436. The garrison flag is the national flag. It is made of bunting, thirty-six feet fly, the twenty feet hoist, in thirteen horizontal stripes of equal breadth, alternately red and white, beginning with the red. In the upper quarter, next to the staff, is the Union,...

Army Headquarters Flags

Headquarters Flag Army Tennessee

No special colours were authorized under the regulations for army headquarters. Yet there was a precedent for having a special flag for marking the headquarters of a commanding general during the War for American Independence, George Washington's headquarters w-as marked by an all-blue flag hearing 13 five-pointed stars. In fact, the first flag selected to mark the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, under General Orders No. 102, 24 March 1862, was a plain national flag. The national flag...