New Jersey

Newjersey ordered for its first volunteers a uniform that included 'a dark blue frock coat, light blue pants, and army cockade hat'. These coats appear to have been made like the US Army's fatigue blouse, but with five buttons down the front instead of lour. State-made or -bought uniforms were issued to New Jersey's first nine infantry regiments, the US Army equipping those raised later.

Exceptions were the 33rd and 35th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiments, which received directly from the state Zouave uniforms including dark blue jackets, waistcoats, and trousers, a blue sash edged with light blue, and blue and red caps. The state also equipped the 3rd Cavalry Regiment with a 'hussar' type of uniform, based on the regulation uniform but with additional trim.

In 1863 New Jersey raised a rifle corps for home defence. This wore Chasseur uniforms, made usually of grey, although sometimes of blue for dress occasions; and a greyjacket, trousers and forage cap again, sometimes blue) for fatigue wear. Officers apparently wore gold-embroidered crossed rifles, with the letters 'NJ' above the cross and 'RC' under it, on their caps.

Other state insignia included buttons with the state arms, and oval, US Army-type brass belt plates marked 'NJ' in Roman letters. The latter are extremely rare, and do not appear to have been worn at the front.

New Jersey had a state armoury in Trenton, the state capital, which produced copics of the Mi 861 rifled musket for its troops. The state also bought

This short dark bluejacket trimmed in sky blue seems to have been worn by many New Jersey infantry officers, including, as seen here, Colonel William B. Hatch of the 4th New Jersey Infantry Regiment. Colonel Hatch was killed in action at the Battle of Fredericksburg. (U.S. Army Military History Institute)

Army Cavalry Officer

Remington army revolvers and light cavalry sabres, as well as converting flintlock muskets to percussion for its active militia.

The 3rd New Jersey Cavalry Regiment styled themselves the '1st US Hussars'. Their uniform was the regulation issue, with additions in the way of braid made by the State of New Jersey: see Plate H3. The regiment, raised in the latter part of the war, had an excellent record. (Richard Carlisle collection)

The 3rd New Jersey Cavalry Regiment styled themselves the '1st US Hussars'. Their uniform was the regulation issue, with additions in the way of braid made by the State of New Jersey: see Plate H3. The regiment, raised in the latter part of the war, had an excellent record. (Richard Carlisle collection)

3rd New Jersey Cavalry
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