Command insignia introduced 16 January 1919

Kuniandir Otdelemya

1 triangle

Zamkimvzvoda/Potnkomvzvoda

2 triangles

Starshina

3 triangles

komvzvoda

1 square

komroty

2 squares

Kombat

3 squares

k ompolka

4 squares

k ombrig

1 diamond

k omdiv

2 diamonds

Komandarm

3 diamonds

k omanduyushiy Trontow

4 diamonds

Graduates of the High Military School of Sappers, posing before departure in the uniforms oj their future regiments. Two men in the front row have t ypical 1919 insignia, embroidered in gold on red cloth patches. The facings on headgear and on the gymnasterka are black with silver (as in the Tsarist Army). The leather equipment is of 1911 pattern, but with one shoulder belt instead of two, as worn b y White and former Tsarist officers.

Graduates of the High Military School of Sappers, posing before departure in the uniforms oj their future regiments. Two men in the front row have t ypical 1919 insignia, embroidered in gold on red cloth patches. The facings on headgear and on the gymnasterka are black with silver (as in the Tsarist Army). The leather equipment is of 1911 pattern, but with one shoulder belt instead of two, as worn b y White and former Tsarist officers.

Command insignia (l')l')). Top row : Red Army headgear badge (191H); komanduyushiy Frontom (From Commander), Komandarm (Army Commander), Naehdiv (Division CliieJ), kombrig (Brigade Commander), Kompolka (Regimental Commander). Bottom row: Kombat (Battalion Commander), komroty (Company Commander), komvzvoda (Platoon Commander), Starshina (Sergeant-.Major), Pomkomv zvoda (Assistant I'laloon Commander), komandir Otdclcniya (Section Commander).

duction of enormous numbers of badges and insignia, for commanders' schools, military academies, ChON units, revolutionary tribunals and various other organisations.

On 27 June 1923 the last significant Civil War period uniform changes took place: piping was abolished on breeches and breast pockets 011 greatcoats and summer shirts; sleeve patches and razgovury tabs were given the same piping as collar patches; greatcoat breast tabs were lowered by 2cm, and the greatcoat collar became 1.5cm narrower.

On 4 August 1923 Red Army commanders, for the first time in the Ci\il War, were issued with regulation light brown leather equipment: a belt, gun holster, shoulder belt and map case. This last y ear of the Ci\il War period, 1924, was marked by a long overdue innovation 011 15 February official permission was given for the wearing of sheepskin coats, poddyovk'as (long-waisted coats) and vulenki (felt boots) in winter weather.

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