G 1919 uniforms

Gl: Rifleman in Winter Clothing, 1919-21

This is the typical Red Army uniform of the last years of the Civil W ar. The budenovka cloth helmet has roll-down sides and a star in the dark crimson inf'antr branch colour, while the kaftan greatcoat has bottle-green collar and cuffs, with collar patches and razgoi ory tabs also in dark crimson. Buttons are covered wit cloth. Also worn is a simple leather belt with a cartridge box. The rifle is a Mosin 1891.

G2: Starshina (Sergeant-Major) of Artillery, 1919-1 The budenovka, gymnasterka and breeches are of cottar fabric, and are worn with cap star, collar patches an razgovory in the orange that was adopted for artillery units in 1918 but soon changed to black. The rank 4 Starshina is denoted by triangles on the left sleevt although command status is equally well indicated hi the binoculars and a pocket-watch modified to be word on the wrist both items were rarely owned by or. nary soldiers. This man, like many others of this tin* has non-regulation embroidered insignia in this c.-i an artillery badge. He is armed with the 1881 -is-.c 'dragoon' sword, which has fittings to keep in place thi bayonet from a Mosin 1891 rifle.

GJ: Komroty (Company Commander), 1919-21 This commander is one of the so-called voyenspets (mifl itary specialists), former Tsarist officers and genet ■ who, despite political opposition, were encouraged M rejoin the Red Army at a time when their skills w r badly needed. He is dressed in a khaki cloth peal 4 cap, tunic and breeches of Great W ar vintage. Bet d nnmanders' rank badges were standardised, many \ allies of sleeve patches were invented locally; the esign here, with four squares, indicates a komroty ompany commander).

A Red Army badge is worn on a leather shoulder rap, though it could equally have been worn on the .inic itself. The jackboots are typical of commanders' ishion: they have high tops with 'cups' covering the .nee and square 'bulldog'-type toe-caps. The shashka word is of Caucasian origin, of a type favoured by ■ ith Red and White officers.

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