The Medieval World

247 Romano-Byzantine Armies 4th-9thC 154 Arthur & Anglo-Saxon Wars 255 Armies of the Muslim Conquest 125 Arm of Islam, 7th-11 th C 150 The Age of Charlemagne 89 Byzantine Armies 886-1118 85 Saxon, Viking & Norman 131 French Medieval Armies 1000-1300 75 Armies of the Crusades 171 Saladm & the Saracens 200 El Cid & Reconquista I0S0-1492 251 Medieval Chinese Armies 50 Medieval European Armies 151 Scots & Welsh Wars 94 The Swiss 1300-1S00 134 Italian Armies 1300-1S00 164 German...

Info

Michael, The Battle Flags of the Confederate Army of Tennessee Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1976 Madaus, Howard M., 'The Conservation of Civil War Flags The Military Historian's Perspective', Papers presented at the Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee Flag Symposium, tg8j I Iar-risburg, 1987 Todd, Frederick P., American Military Equippage, Vol. Providence, Rhode Island, 1977 United Confederate Veterans, The Flags of the Confederate Slates of America Baltimore, Maryland, 1907

The Plates

This variation of the First National Flag was captured from an unknown unit at Gettysburg. It is fairly typical of the First National Flag save that the stars are somewhat larger than usual. The infantry colour sergeant wears a first pattern Richmond Depot jacket, with the three stripes and a star officially designated for an ordnance sergeant but widely worn by colour sergeants. A2 Co. E, 1st Kentucky Infantry Regiment Companies were often presented with a colour on The jrd Louisiana Infantry...

Other Flags

There were no official pennons or guidons carried by Confederate troops. Officially, in the Army of Northern Virginia at least, regulation battle flags were simply made in small sizes for mounted units which carried such flags in the US Army. However, a number of units did carry these small flags. For example, a forked guidon survived with its top halfred and its bottom half white, marked in white on the top 11 st Co. ist Bad* and in red on the bottom N.C. ARTILLERY'. Many small forked guidons...

Other Commands

South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida On 29 August 1862 Beauregard was named to command the Department of South Carolina and Georgia, which was expanded with the addition of the state of Florida on 7 October. At its strongest, in January 1864, some 38,277 officers and men were on department rolls. Until Beauregard arrived there units within the department, which was charged with Field grade officers pose in front of an Army of Tennessee or 'Johnston' version of the Irmy of Northern Virginia...

Georgia Infantry Regiment Mine Creek

7th Kentucky Infantry Regiment

Thegth South Carolina Cavalry's battle Hag has the evenly spaced stars associated with the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, although it was captured at 'Frevilian Station. South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Museum addition of 'blue or gold stars', as having been in Polk's command, A surviving example, without stars, was carried by the 30th Arkansas Infantry until it was captured on 31 December 1862. It measures 40 inches on the hoist by 4ft inches, with white letters...

22nd Virginia Cavalry

Confederate Infantry Flags

1 8th Alabama infantry 2 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment 3 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment 4 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment inches on the hoist by 73 inches on the fly. Moreover, the rectangular battle flags were edged with a pink border on all four sides, with a narrow white bunting border on the hoist through which nine holes w ere provided for flies to attach the flag to the staff. Regiments of the Army of Tennessee's Reserve Corps, commanded by Gen. John C. Breckinridge, carried the First...

The Second National Flag

North Carolina Museum History

1 lardly had the seamstresses turned out their first set of First National Flags when complaints about the emblems' appearance began to be voiced. From the military viewpoint, the similarity between the two sides' flags led to confusion, especially at the first big battle of the war, First Manassas. 'The mistake of supposing Kirby Smith's and Elzy's approaching troops to be Union reinforcements for McDowell's right was caused by the resemblance, at a distance, of the original Confederate flag...

Battle Flags

William Orange Battle Flags

As indicated above, the first major battle of the war, Hull Kun or First Manassas, brought to light problems in using the First National Flag on the field of combat. For example, then-brigade commander Jubal Early was advised at one point during the battle that his regiments were firing on friends. Although he thought it was not so, he halted his men and rode out to where he could see a regiment drawn in battle line several hundred yards away. 'The dress of the volunteers on both sides at that...

The First National Flag

Captured Tennessee Flag

When Jefferson Davis was sworn into office as the President of the provisional government of the new Confederate States of America on tfi February 1861 in Montgomery, Alabama, the flag that floated over the scene was that of the state of Alabama. The states w hich had so recently left the almost hundred-year-old United States to form their own government had no flag to represent their new nation. The first flag used to represent the seceding southern states as a whole had a blue field with a...