22nd Virginia Cavalry

22nd Virginia Battalion Flag

\VQODSONVILI,E . SH IL OH

Ringgold &ap,

1: )8th Alabama infantry 2; 3rd Confederate Infantry Regiment 3: 22nd Alabama Infantry Regiment 4; 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment

Confederate Infantry FlagsRoundhead Regiment Flag

inches on the hoist by 73^ inches on the fly. Moreover, the rectangular battle flags were edged with a pink border on all four sides, with a narrow white bunting border on the hoist through which nine holes w ere provided for flies to attach the flag to the staff.

Regiments of the Army of Tennessee's Reserve Corps, commanded by Gen. John C. Breckinridge, carried the First National Flag.

In December 1863 Gen. Joseph Johnston assumed command of the Army of Tennessee and issued orders to replace the hodge-podge of battle flags with a single army-wide model. The selected pattern w as that of the Army of Northern Virginia, but the new regulation colours were to be rectangular, lacking a border, some three feet on the hoist by four and a quarter feet on the fly for infantry and cavalry, and two and a half on the hoist by three and a third on the fly for artillery batteries. These new battle flags were issued throughout March and April. Thev became known as the 'Army of Tennessee battle flag' or the 'Johnston battle flag'. Most 'Confederate flags' flown today arc of this pattern.

The officers and men of Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Division of Hardee's Corps strongly objected to losing their prized battle flags. Their feelings were heeded; and Cleburne's Division, to the end, continued to carry their unique battle flags while most of the rest carried the Army of Tennessee pattern. After the war I lardee wrote: 'This was the only division in the Confederate service to carry in action other than the national colors: and friends and foes soon learned to watch the course of the blue flag that marked where Cleburne was in battle.'

A hero of the Army of Northern Virginia, Lt. Gen. John llood, was given command of one of the

This Army t>f Tennessee or Johnston ' buttle flag Was carried by the jçth \orth Carolina State Troops. The unit designation and ha ttle honours ha l e been applied with white cotton letters and numbers. The black capturc number '456' is stamped in the upper Held, (\orth Carolina Museum of History)

22nd Virginia FlagMine Creek Battlefield

Table C: Army of Tennessee, Hardee's Corps Flags

The following representative variations of I lardee's Corps flags are known. The differences in ihe ways the unit designation and hattle honours have been applied give some idea of the latitude granted unit commanders to alter even regulation corps flags within the Army of Tennessee. If the honours were on the border, they were in dark blue; if on the field, they were white.

18th Ala Inf 8th Ark Inf

8th & loth Ark Inf (combined)

3rd CS Inf i8ih ALA. in disc, otherw ise plain 4th Ky Inf

8th ARKS in disc; PERRYVILLE

on top border; SI 111,011 on hoist border; MURFREESBORO on fly border

8th & 19th Ark. Regts. over crossed cannon in disc; ARK. in w hite 17th Tenn Inf letters on left of disc in w hite, battle honours SI HL011, ELK

HORN, Penyville,

MURFREESBORO, Post Liberty, Swell's Btrv

Chickamauga, TUNNEL HILL

TENN., Ringgold Gap on Field

3rd CONFEDERATE RF.G'T

around crossed cannon in disc;

battle honours Unknown

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