Pleasonton Alfred 182497

Alfred Pleasonton (see Plate G2) was born in Washington, DC on 7 July 1824. Graduated in the West Point class of 1844, he was assigned to the dragoons. He earned a first lieutenant's brevet for gallantry in the Mexican War, and also served in Florida and on the frontier. He gained staff experience as an adjutant under Gen. William S.Harney. In 1861 he was a captain in the 2nd Dragoons (redesignated the 2nd Cavalry), and commanded the regiment as it marched from Utah to Washington that fall....

Sheridan Philip Henry 183188

Philip Sheridan (see Plate G3) was born in Albany, New York, on 6 March 1831, but his family soon moved to Somerset, Ohio. There Sheridan acquired his basic education and clerked in a general store, before being appointed to the West Point class of 1852. While at the Academy he was suspended for a year for fighting with a fellow cadet, hence graduating in 1853, in the bottom third of his class. He was appointed to the 4th US Infantry, and served thereafter on the frontier. Coming East at the...

COUCH Darius Nash 183297

Darius Couch (see Plate D2) was born in Putnam County, New York, on 23 July 1832. A graduate of West Point in 1842, he was sent to the Mexican War with Company B. 4th US Artillery. There he took ill from severe intestinal dysentery which, coupled with the rheumatic fever from which he also appears to have suffered, virtually crippled him at various times throughout the rest of his life. Couch recovered in time to see his first action at Buena Vista (22-23 February 1847), of which he wrote that...

Stoneman George 182294

George Stoneman (see Plate Gl) was born in Busti, New York, on 22 August 1822. Educated at Jamestown Academy, he went on to West Point where he was graduated in 1846 - George McClellan was a classmate - and was commissioned into the 1st Dragoons. During the Mexican War he was the quartermaster for the Mormon Battalion on its George Stoneman, standing center wearing from left shoulder to right hip the sash which indicates that he was serving as general officer of the day. He and his staff pose...

Reynolds John Fulton 182063

John Reynolds (see Plate E2) was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, on 20 September 1820. After attending Lancaster County Academy he was graduated from West Point in 1841. He served as an artillery officer on the Atlantic coast and in Texas before the Mexican War, in which he was breveted a captain and major for gallant and meritorious conduct. After years of garrison duty, he became Commandant of Cadets at West Point in September 1860, leaving the Academy to become lieutenant-colonel of the...

Hooker Joseph 181479

Joseph Hooker (see Plate Dl) was born in Iladley, Massachusetts on 13 November 1814. After early education at Hopkins Academy in 1 iadley he went on to West Point, from where he was graduated in 1837. He served on various staffs during the Mexican War, winning brevets for all ranks up to that of lieutenant-colonel for his gallant and meritorious conduct. His permanent captaincy was given him in 1848, and he went on to serve as assistant adjutant general of the Pacific Division. Going 011 leave...

Humphreys Andrew Atkinson 181083

Atkinson Field Images

Andrew Humphreys (see Plate HI) was born in Philadelphia on 2 November 1810, to a family of naval architects and constructors. After graduation from West Point in 1831 he was assigned to the Corps of Topographical Engineers, spending much of his time on hydrographical surveys of the Mississippi Delta until the Civil War broke out. Assigned to the staff of George McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, in 1861, Humphreys was named a brigadier-general of volunteers in April 1862. He...

MEADE George Gordon 181572

Union Major General Sack Coat

George Meade see Plate El was born in Cadiz, Spain, on 31 December 1815, I he son of a wealthy American merchant who was wiped out financially by adhering to Spain's cause in the Napoleonic Wars. Returning to the United States, Meade attended Mount Hope Institution and then the US Military Academy, from which he was graduated in 1835. I le saw service in Florida and at the Watertown Arsenal before resigning in 1836 to work as a civil engineer. He returned to the army on 19 May 1842 as a second...

Mcdowell irvin 18188S

General Gordon Meade

Irvin McDowell see Plate A3 was born in Columbus, Ohio, on 15 October 1818. At first educated in France, he was graduated in the US Military Academy class of 1838, and taught tactics at the Academy from 1841 to 1845. lie served as a staff officer in the Mexican War, earning a captain's brevet for gallantry at Buena Vista 22 February 1847 . From then until the outbreak of the Civil War he was assigned to duty in the office of the Adjutant General of the Army. On 14 May 1861 he was appointed a...

Franklin William Buel 18231903

William Franklin see Plate D3 was born on 27 February 1823 at York, Pennsylvania. Ranked first in the West Point class of 1843 in which U.S. Grant ranked 21st , he was commissioned into the Corps of Topographical Engineers. He look part in the Great Lakes survey and explorations in the Rocky Mountains. In the Mexican War he earned a brevet for bravery at Buena Vista. From 1848 to 1852 he was an assistant professor at West Point between 1852 and the Civil War he was in Washington, where he was...

Ricketts James Brewerton 181787

Brigadier General Maxwell

James Ricketts was a native of New York City, born on 21 June 1817 into an old family which had settled in New Jersey in the early colonial period. In 1835 he was appointed to West Point, graduating in 1839. Ricketts was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 1st US Artillery and sent to the Canadian frontier. In 1840 he married Harriet Josephine Pierce, who died young, leaving the widowed lieutenant to care for a child. In the Mexican War his artillery battery was assigned to the army under...

American Civil War Commanders 1

Civil War Union Generals

Philip Katcher Illustrated by Richard Hook First published in Great Britain in 2002 by Osprey Publishing. Elms Court. Chapel Way. Botley. Oxford 0X2 9LP. United Kingdom. Email info ospreypublishing.com Alt rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any...

American Civil War Commanders

Images Civil War Commanders

PHILIP KATCHER was born in Los Angeles, California, to parents involved in the film industry. He was educated at the University of Maryland and served in the US Army in Vietnam. He has also been an active participant in living history activities, especially in the 18th and 19th Century periods. He has written a number of books on various periods of US military history and presently is editor publisher of Military Images magazine. RICHARD HOOK was born in 1938 and trained at Reigate College of...