Shott

T T HREE Swedish Brigades drawncvpg imbalfellccl James Livingston, Earl of Callendar (d.1674), colonel of Foot in 1644 and major-general under the Earl of Leven. He was second in command to the Marquis of Hamilton during the disastrous 1648 campaign. James Livingston, Earl of Callendar (d.1674), colonel of Foot in 1644 and major-general under the Earl of Leven. He was second in command to the Marquis of Hamilton during the disastrous 1648 campaign. A post-Restoration depiction of the Marquess...

Clothing And Equipment

16th Century Musket Drill

Spalding wrote that 'Upon Frydday, 16th of Februar Captane Strathauchin march.it out of Abirdene with sex scoire ten soldiouris, capitanes, and comma nderis, furneshit out by the said burghe upone their owne charges and expensis. Ilk soldiour wes furneshit with hut sarkis, cot, breikis, hoiss and bonet, bandis, and schone cine suord, ane muscat, pulder and ball, for so mony and utheris sum ane suord, and ane pik, according to the ardour and ilk soldiour to have sex schillinges ilk day, during...

Paying For The Army

Armoured Cuirassier

When regiments were first levied the local Committee of War had not only to find and equip the men, but also to provide them with the statutory 40 days' pay. Thereafter, if the ' were to be retained in service, responsibility for paying them passed to central government. In 1640 it had been hoped that this could in turn be financed by levying a 10 per cent tax on land, but this proved to be impractical. Even the requisitioning of plate and soliciting of 'donations' made little difference in the...

The Plates

In the first serious clash of the Civil War period some 2,500 Royalists encountered 1,500 Covenanters under William Keith, the Earl Marischal. at Megray Hill outside Stonehaven on 15 June 1639. The Royalist forces, commanded by Viscount Aboyne, were surprisingly well equipped. On 9 March a large consignment of arms which had been landed for their use at Aberdeen included '2000 muscatis, bandilieris, and muscat staves, 1000 pikis with harness and armour, both of foot men and horss men,...

Photos Of Fraser Dragoons

ULSTER, 1642-44 1 Musketeer, Sinclair's Regiment 2 Ensign, Leven's Lifeguard of Foot 3 Pikeman, Home's Regiment ARMY OF THE SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT, 1643-44 1 Captain, Earl Marischal's Regiment 2 Ensign, Marquess of Argyle's Regiment 3 Dragoon, Fraser's Regiment ARMY OF THE SOLEMN LEAGUE AND COVENANT, 1643-44 1 Captain, Earl Marischal's Regiment 2 Ensign, Marquess of Argyle's Regiment 3 Dragoon, Fraser's Regiment

Info

Blue field, white saltire, slightly askew bronze lily pot with green foliage. The device is taken from the arms of the burgh of Old Aberdeen, which identifies it as belonging to Captain Leslie's Company of Sir Alexander Fraser of Philorth's Firelocks see Plate F1 . Colour taken at Dunbar no.82 green field, white saltire, red devices. Sir David Home of Wedderburn's Regiment at least seven other colours were taken, each distinguished by heraldic cadency marks. The...

Mobilisation

All of the regular Scots forces differed from contemporary English ones in that with the exception of the Ulster army they were primarily raised bv a form of conscription. In each Sheriffdom a Committee of War was appointed and granted wide-ranging powers to raise, equip and maintain soldiers. The actual process involved may best be understood by studying the mobilisation of the Army of the Solemn League and Covenant in 1643. In the summer of 1642 the First Civil War between King and Parliament...

Actione Et V1rtvte

11IN i l,1111 11111N 111,1 i l I ME Scots musketeer - detail after K ler, c.1631. The soldiers in this well-known print were probably drawn from descriptions rather than from the life. In this particular case the tartan trews are rather too full above the knees, and what appears to be a butcher knife was almost certainly a dirk. apprentices from their 'naked beds' and in September he even press-ganged a partv of presumably Catholic Spanish seamen who came into the port for fresh water. In the...

Flags And Standards

Preston Valleyfield Unicorn

Colonel's colour, Sir George Preston of Valleyfieid's Regiment Dunbar no.48 . White field, black unicorn head gold eye, mane, horn and beard scroll with red edge and black tassels. Scots colours generally followed a quite distinctive style, although it has to be emphasized that there were no written regulations governing their appearance, and that consequentlv, while they broadly conformed to certain accepted principles, they did not adhere to them rigidly or uniformly - even within the same...

Trained Band Colonel

Military Dress 1650s

Colour taken at Preston BM Harl.1460 Preston no.60 red field, white saltire arm, sword and cloud proper. Note the absence of any inscription. Captain Erskine's Company, Colonel George Keith's Regiment - see Plate F2. Colour taken at Preston BM Harl.1460 Preston no.60 red field, white saltire arm, sword and cloud proper. Note the absence of any inscription. Captain Erskine's Company, Colonel George Keith's Regiment - see Plate F2. Highlanders are known to have carried yew longbows. It is unclear...

Irish Brigade Montrose

Defended Passage

LEFT One of at least two cornets taken from Sir Charles Arnott's Horse at Inverkeithing Dunbar no.73 . Red field with gold arm and sword - Major William Johnstone's Troop. The other no.97 was badly torn but bore a yellow star in the canton, and a sword point uppermost next to the staff, identifying it as Lieutenant-Colonel Govan's. There was also an indecipherable gold inscription on three lines, and the remains of a white and red fringe. LEFT One of at least two cornets taken from Sir Charles...

The Army At Dunbar

Lord Coupar

The Scots order of battle at Dunbar on 3 September 1650 can be very largely reconstructed from a rather garbled English intelligence summary BM Harl.6844 fol.123 . This was evidently compiled by interrogating prisoners and is supplemented by other evidence, including Sir James Balfour's list of the more prominent Scots casualties and Fit .pavne Fisher's paintings of captured colours. Where positively identified, details of regimental colours have also been added. Those units marked were...

Chronology

1638 28 February Scots begin signing the National Covenant, committing themselves to oppose King Charles' proposed reforms. 1639 1 February Mobilisation of Fencibles begins as the breach widens and the Scots and English move towards what will be known as the First Bishops' War, or simply the Scots War. 13 March In response pro-Rovalist forces are mustered in the north-east by George Gordon, Marquis of Huntlv, but are disbanded shortly afterwards. Huntly is arrested by James Graham, Earl of...

Balfour Of Burleigh Maiden Crest

Parliamentary Army Musketeers

STRATHBOGIE REGIMENT, ABERDEEN,1644 1 Ensign 2 Drummer 3 Pikeman PRESTON,1648 1 Musketeer, Fraser's Firelocks 2 Ensign, Keith's Regiment 3 Lancer sojour in the day. It is a measure of the increasing poverty that three years later the Earl of Lothian's only asked for 12 shillings per week, but even this bargain offer proved too much and it was only when the demand was repeated a month later, this time with menaces, that the money was forthcoming. Threats were also necessary in England. In 1644...