Georgia Sharpshooters Uniforms

SEC'. 2. Be it further enacted, That for the purpose of arming the said battalions, the long-range muskets and rifles in the hands of the troops, may be taken for that purpose: Provided, The Government hits not at its command a sufficient number of approved long-range rifles or muskets wherewith to arm said corps.

II. Gen.'s commanding military departments may cause to be organized within their commands battalions of sharpshooters, as provided in this act, in such numbers as they may deem necessary, not exceeding one such battalion for each brigade, and will report to the Department the organization of such corps, recommending for appointment the commissioned officers allowed by law.

III. In organizing such battalions generals commanding may cause such details or transfers to be made as will not reduce any company or corps below the minimum number required by law, taking the men for each such battalion so far as possible from the particular brigade of which it is to form a part.

IV. Requisitions will be made upon the Ordnance Department for the arms for such battalions, and until the said requisitions can be filled the generals commanding may cause such exchanges and transfers of long-range muskets and rifles to be made as may be necessary to arm the said battalions, returning surplus arms when such requisitions are filled to the Ordnance Department.

These units were further defined when on May 22 it was ordered that each sharpshooter battalion should consist of men strictly from a single state, rather than being mixed companies as was the case with the 1st and 2nd USSS. The men, however, were not recruited from civilian life into sharpshooter units but rather were transferred for specific campaigns from regular line infantry units.

Sharpshooter Uniforms

A sharpshooter fires across the Potomac River from the Maryland to the Virginia side. The author of this sketch suggests that the man hit his target. (Harper's Weekly)

Such companies were formed in the western theater fairly early, and were in the field by the 18(52 campaign. The two-company-strong 17th Alabama Sharpshooter battalion was formed in the summer of 1862 and served in the Army of Tennessee until disbanded in August 1864. The 1st Arkansas Sharpshooter Battalion, originally a cavalry unit, was organized in the summer of 1862 and served in the west until captured at Vicksburg in 1863. After it was exchanged it was reconstituted as a cavalry battalion.

The four-company-strong 1st Georgia Sharpshooter Battalion was formed in spring 1862 in Georgia and was sent to the Army of Tennessee in mid-1863. It served until it surrendered on April 26. 1865 in North Carolina. The 2nd Georgia Sharpshooter Battalion, six companies strong, was formed in the summer of 1862 and sent to the Army of Tennessee, surrendering in North Carolina in 1865. The 4th Georgia Sharpshooter Battalion was not raised until 1863, then served with the Army of Tennessee before surrendering in North Carolina in April 1865. The 14th Louisiana Sharpshooter Battalion was raised in summer 1862 with three companies drawn from the 11th Louisiana Infantry Regiment. It surrendered on May 4, 1865.

The 1st Mississippi Sharpshooter Battalion was formed from three companies drawn from the 2nd Confederate Infantry Regiment and served with the Army of Tennessee through to its surrender in April 1865. The 9th Mississippi Sharpshooter Battalion (Chalmers' Sharpshooters) was formed in fall 1862 with three companies. It surrendered with the Army of Tennessee in April 1865. The 15th Mississippi Sharpshooter Battalion was formed in summer 1862 with two companies. It was disbanded as under strength in December 1863. The

A sharpshooter fires across the Potomac River from the Maryland to the Virginia side. The author of this sketch suggests that the man hit his target. (Harper's Weekly)

Guthrie Grays BattalionUnion Army Sharpshooters UniformUnion Army Sharpshooters UniformMonroe SharpshootersCsa SharpshooterGeorgia Sharpshooters

H: Private, 1st Georgia Sharpshooters, Army of Tennesee

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