The US Navy

Rank Insignia The Navy

The job of preventing supplies from reaching Southern ports and defending the merchant marine fell to the US Navy, which, throughout the war lost 95 vessels and 2,100 sailors in action. The war coincided with a period of transition during which wooden ships were giving way to iron. The Navy commissioned 138 ironclad vessels during the four years of war. This sccnc, called 'the amputation' by its Gettysburg photographer, although posed, shows typical battlefield operating conditions. The doctors...

The US Murine Corps

Telegraph Operators Sleeves

The US Marine Corps fought on land at First Bull Run and in the taking of Fort Fisher, and in all the actions of the Navy on the high seas and rivers. It was never large, reaching a peak strength during the war of 4,167 all ranks. Of these, 148 officers and men were killed in action. Marines had a number of uniforms. For dress occasions they wore a double-breasted, dark blue frock coat decorated with yellow braid and scarlet trim, with a standing collar, and gold or yellow worsted cufTlace...

American Civil War Armies 3 Specialist Troops

Text by PHILIP KATCHER Colour plates by RON VOLSTAD Firs I published in Great Britain in 1987 by Osprey, an imprint of Reed Consumer Books Limited, Michelin House, 81 Fulham Road, London SW3 6RB and Auckland, Melbourne, Singapore and Toronto lt 1987 Reed International Books Limited Reprinted 1988 twice , 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994 All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Designs and Patents...

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Pictures The War The Regulation

Benjamin Huger wears the regulation Confederate general officer's dress. A failure as a field commander, Huger was named Inspector of Artillery and Ordnance on 12 July 1862, and served valuably in this role throughout the rest of the war. Author's collection Maj.Gen. Benjamin Huger wears the regulation Confederate general officer's dress. A failure as a field commander, Huger was named Inspector of Artillery and Ordnance on 12 July 1862, and served valuably in this role throughout the...

The Plates

Marine Corps Civil War Uniforms

Grant, 1864 U. S. Grant was possibly the best all-around soldier the US Army has ever produced. He had an unerring grasp of what was needed to defeat the enemy, and an ability to do it with the men given him. His strategic abilities were somewhat better than his tactical abilities, but both were head and shoulders above his compatriots in either army. He was not, however, a dressy individual his first campaigning service was under the successful but badly...

The Confederate Army

Navy Officer Sleeve Braid

The Confederate Army did not have nearly the number of combat troops fielded by the Union Army, nor did it recruit nearly as many specialist troops. Many of those who were recruited did not have any special regulation uniform, either. Nevertheless, there were specialist personnel among the Confederates who did important work for the South. In all, the South commissioned 425 men as fully ranked generals of these, 77 were either killed in action or died of their wounds. Generals, and staff...

Revenue Cutter Service Insignia

Revenue Cutter Service Enlisted Man

As the Navy grew, new ranks were added. On 16 July i 862 the entire rank system was changed. Now a rear admiral wore three wide and three narrow gold cuff stripes a commodore, two narrow stripes between three wide stripes a captain, three wide stripes a commander, a narrow stripe between two wide ones a lieutenant-commander, two wide stripes a lieutenant, a narrow stripe over a wide one a master, a wide stripe and an ensign, a narrow stripe. A ship's executive officer wore a star above his top...

The Confederate Navy

Navy Captain Insignia

A navy to defend the South's waters and to prey on Northern shipping was authorised on 16 March 1861. In late 1864 it numbered 700 commissioned and warrant officers and 3,674 enlisted men, probably its peak strength. Despite a lack of shipbuilding facilities, the Navy launched 37 ironclads, the most famous of which was the CSS Virginia, better known as the Merrimac. This was the first ironclad naval ship in American waters, and its battle with the Northern Monitor changed naval history. The...

The US Army

Invalid War 1861 1865 Amputee Amputee

Top rim,from left general and staff officers, US and CS second row, engineers, US and CS third row, general service, US and CS fourth row, US Ordnance Corps, US Marine Corps bottom row, US Navy, CS Navy. Author's collection With two million men underarms, a US Army that in pre-war days had depended upon a minute number of technical troops now required virtually an army of specialists alone. There were more full generals in the wartime army than there had been engineers of...