Louisiana

Black Jaegers: Formed Ijy Germans in the state, the unit's first Con fed crate service was as Co.A. 2snd Louisiana Infantry, and later as Co. A. Jist Louisiana Infantry. I he unit wore all jet-black kepis, shell jackets and trousers. Chasseurs a pied do la Loutsianc: Formed Ln tö^B, the unit saw Cottiederatc service as the 7 th Bti.. Louisiana Infantry, foreign Brigade. Louisiana Legion. )t was to have been dressed in dark blue chasseur uniforms, but these clothes were never issued. Instead, the unit received chasseur-style caps and brown coatees with green epaulettes fringed red 1 rousers «ere ver\ large, Turkish style and were mouse-coloured. Greaves were yellow, while gaiters were white.

Continental Guards: ( A of the Guards entered the Confedentte army as Co.A, 71 h Louisiana Infantrv Their pre-war uniforms included copies of

Detail or a woodrul engraving. which first appeared in Frank Letlir't llluslralrd Sea'*, of (he US Zouate Cadets in (heir zouave uniform*. Its original caption described "their flowing rfd pants; their jaunty crimson caps; their peculiar drab gaiters and Icgpin^s and the loose blue jackets, with rows of ttfiall, sparkling buttons, and the ligbi-hlue shirt beneath*. Note the chevrons worn points-up by the first sergeant dark blue W ar of Independence regimental coats with buff collars, cuffs, lapels, and coat tails. Waistcoats and breeches were buff, while boots were black. Black tricot ne hats with red and white leathers were worn along with crossed white accoutrement belts. The fatigue dress included white linen coats with Sliver buttons and black trousers.

Delta Rifles: \ native American group, the unit was designated (o.F, 4th Louisiana Infantry during the war, I nit members wore the traditional American military dress of green hunting shirts, worn pullover fashion, with fringed sleeves and shirt tails.

Donaldsonville Artillery Organised some miles north-west of New Orleans in 18-57. the unit served from iHi>j with the Army of Northern Virginia a> C'-o.B, Garnett's later Richardson's Battalion, lis uniform included red kepis with a dark blue band and a brass crossed cannon badge.

^extreme right j; and the M1rilted muskets. Besides zouave dress, the unit also wore a chasseur dress and fatigue dress consisting of a 'scarlet jacket, loose scarlet pants, high gaiters and leggins, and a red t ap'. Many of the men went into Cos. A and K. 19th Illinois Infantry during the Civil War* (Author's collection!

Civil War Crossed Flags And CannonGaiters Philadelphia Brigade

Marshal Mc ln( i ir wears rhr uniform chosen by the Springfield Zouave Cadets in i860. It consists of a red kepi, light blue shirt, dark blue jacket with white trim on the front edge and red inverted chevrons on the cuffs, red trousers, and leather gaiters. Hie blanket roll un (op off he knapsack is red. The unit saw Civil War servire as Co.L, 7th Illinois Infantry. (Illinois State Historical Library)

Marshal Mc ln( i ir wears rhr uniform chosen by the Springfield Zouave Cadets in i860. It consists of a red kepi, light blue shirt, dark blue jacket with white trim on the front edge and red inverted chevrons on the cuffs, red trousers, and leather gaiters. Hie blanket roll un (op off he knapsack is red. The unit saw Civil War servire as Co.L, 7th Illinois Infantry. (Illinois State Historical Library)

Single-breasted dark blue jackets with standing collars and shoulder tabs were worn, along with Louisiana state belt plates.

Louisiana Greys: Pan oi'the militia's Washington Battalion in 1854, the Greys saw Confederate service as Co.K, 5th Louisiana Infantry. Their uniform included shakos wilh 'variegated plumes', grey coatees and matching trousers. In 1861 the unit adopted I rench-st vie grey forage caps and gre\ frock roars,

Louisiana Turcos: Another of the slate's many French-oriented units, the Turcos were C&H, 15th Louisiana Infantry during the war. They were 'to be dressed like the Turcos of Algeria—a zouave uniform of light blue trimmed with yellow".

Officers of the Springfield Zouave Cadets in their red kepis with gold trim, dark blue coats with red pointed cuffs under gold trim, dark blue coats with red pointed cuffs under gold trim, and red trousers with gold stripes. Notice the variety of privately purchased swords, none of which is regulation. Illinois Slate Historical Librarv)

Orleans Battalion of Artillery A Foil i-compan\ strong unit ai the war's outbreak, the unit was converted into infantry and formed the nucleus of the 23rd Louisiana Infantry in the Confederate Army. Its original uniform was a close copy of the pre-1851 f S Army regulation uniform, but in i86t it switched to French blue kepis wilh a red band around the bottom worn under white havelocks, dark blue plain jackets, grey-blue Kentucky jean trousers, and black leather gaiters. Orleans Rifle Regiment: Formed as the German Battalion, the unit was merged into the Rigiment tit Chasseurs a pud. The unit's fatigue dress included dark blue jackets, brown linen trousers, and while gaiters. Officers and men wore blue French-style kepis, while pioneers wore bearskin busbies.

u Maine

Portland Rifle Corps: Organised in 181 r. the unit saw three months' active tnion army service in 18b 1 as Co. 1), ist Maim Infantry, For dress officer* wore rhnpraux-de^bmi with the letters "PRC within 3 wreath on the cockade. The double-breasted coatees were dark yrecti with red poinied rtiffij

Coat With Epaulets And Tails

standing collars, and coat tails. Collars and culls were edged Willi gold lace, with Four rows of gold lira id on the Iron i of each cull, and a button m between each pair of braid strips. I here were also two gold lace buttonholes on each collar side. Epaulettes were red with green crescents and silver <>\cr red fringes. There was a slash pocket Hap edged on the outside in gold with three gold buttonholes i>n each coat tail. Trousers were dark green with a red stripe. Officers also wore gnrgeis.

Maryland

Baltimore City Guards: The unil was organised in 1and served on active Federal serv ice lor six months in mid-1 ¡He; as the null Maryland Infantry Regiment. Officers wore leather shakos with pompons, while enlisted men wore bearskin shakos with three gold tassels in front. The double-breasted coatees were dark blue, with a standing collar and n n two gold lace buttonholes on each side. Four gold lace builonhi>les decorated each i uiT. Trousers were dark blue with a gold stripe.

Maryland Guard Formed iu Baltimore in 1859 using zouave dress and drill, this unit was part of die 53rd Kegt.. Maryland Volunteer Militia, h was officially disbanded when war broke out. and many of its members joined the ist Maryland Bn. later 2nd Maryland Regt.), CSA. Re-formed after the war. it is today the 175th Infantry Regt.. Mary land National Guard.

In tifGl the uniform included kepis with yellow tops and sides, with a dark blue band around the bottom and piping up the sides and 011 ihe top. Jackets were dark blue with yellow trim, as were the baggy trousers, Shirts were light blue with yellow trim; sashes were red; and gaiters and belts were

Tht 3th Company of the Washington Artillery from New Orleans differed from the rest of the battalion in that the unit was raised later than the first four companies; it served in the Confederacy's Western armies; and wore dark blue jackets and trousers instead of frock coats. These 5th Co. members were photographed just before Shiloh. (Library of Congress)

Civil War Corporal Chevrons
Another ,1 b ( o.. Waihini;ton Ariillrfv group before Shilot-Nnlf the corporal. cm I re. with hi* chevrons. The forage caps are dark blur with a red lund around the bottom and gilt crossed cannon for a cap badge. [Library of Congress)

white. Officers wore the I S regulation uniform with yellow stripes down the legs of their baggy trousers. (The enlisted uniform is shown in Plate [)i, MAA 170 Am mean Civil War Annies (j): Confederate A rtillriy. Cavalry and Infantry.

According to regulations, the fatigue unitbrm consisted of *a fatigue cap and i Hitrk blue) jacket, plain white pants with suspenders, white cotton gloves, black stock without collar, thick shoes or boots neatly polished, and ;i black leather belt of the adopted pattern',

Montgomery Mounted Guard: Recruited ¡11 Montgomery County, along the Virginia state line, many members of this unit slipped over the border and joined the Confederate army. The unit's prewar uniform included regulation US Army felt dress hats with black plumes and yellow hat cords; the brass badge depicted crossed sabres pot 11 is down, over the letters "MMG1. The dark blue irock coats had yellow piping on the collar and around the pointed culls and brass shoulder scales. Medium blur trousers with a yellow cord down each leg completed the uniform.

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