Antietam FrederickttUrg Chauceuors Ville

Bombardment Fort Sumter

Regt. 2 3d Massachusetts Vol. Cav. Regt. 3 Guide marker 4 Camp color, 56th Penn. Vol. Inf Regt. Many of the first southern troops, such as these South Carolina militia troops occupying Castle Pickney outside Charleston just prior to the bombardment of Fort Sumter, carried plain blue flags with 1 single white star in their centres. of the commonwealth, is represented, dressed like an Amazon, resting on a spear with one hand, and holding a sword in the other. She is in...

Flags Of The Us Colored Troops

Although the first fighting units of black troops were created in late 1862, it was not until early 1863 that 'large-scale recruiting for these units eventually called US Colored Troops began. Eventually, there were some 145 infantry, seven cavalry, 12 heavy artillery, one field artillery, and one engineer regiment. National colors carried by these regiments appear to have conformed to regulation patterns. Regimental designations were usually applied to the seventh bar from the top, although...

Us Artillery Battery Flags

While the US Army regulations allowed Hags to artillery regiments, there were none authorised for independent batteries. In practice batteries tended to serve away from a formal regimental headquarters, either assigned to corps artillery battalions, to support infantry organisations, or to artillery reserves. Yet, though other commands were able to put battle honours on their lags, artillery batteries had nothing to show for their histories, even though they had been authorised to do so by...

Indiana

Civil War Indiana Regiments

Although it is generally believed that most Indiana regiments carried regulation flags, at least the 13th Indiana Infantry Regiment carried a dark blue regimental color with the state seal embroidered in natural colours in the centre over a small red, white, The centre of the flag of the 1st Regiment, Massachusetts Hea vy Artillery, torn by a jo-pound shell at the Battle of Sailor's Creek, Virginia, 6 April iS6g. Massachusetts State House, Bureau of Slate Office Buildings The centre of the flag...

Usarmy Brigade Flags

Flag The Alamo

No special flags were authorised for brigades in either army. However, several brigades, through especially heroic actions or because of geographic uniqueness, soon adopted nicknames and personalities all their own. In the Confederate Army these included the There is one error in this otherwise perfect picture of the Texas state flag th ing over the Alamo in 1S61 the red stripe should he under the white stripe. The canton is blue and the star is white. Stonewall Brigade from Virginia and the...

Connecticut

Regimental Olour

Connecticut's pre-war militia apparently carried both a standard national color, and a dark blue The Hag of the 8th R egimen t, Massachusetts Vol tin teer Infan try Regiment Third Veteran , was captured at the Battle of the Crater, where the regiment lost 172 of200 men engaged. It is white and has four ties. Massachusetts State House, Bureau of State Office Buildings regimental color which bore the painted state seal and the regimental designation under it. Such flags were carried by the...

Louisiana

New Hampshire Civil War Flag

The earliest state flag, raised on receipt of the news of South Carolina's secession in December i860, featured a red field with a single five-pointed white star in its centre, with a pelican feeding its young in a nest painted within the star. The pelican had long been a state symbol, appearing on the flags of troops raised in the state as early as the Mexican-American War of 1846-48. However, this familiar device was abandoned w hen the state chose an official flag on 11 February 1861. This...

Ohio

85th Pennsylvania

According to the state's 1859 regulations, reprinted in 1861, Ohio units were to carry flags which were similar to those of the US Army save that the state seal was used instead of fhe national one. A gilt eagle was to top each pole or pike. Therefore, the blue infantry regimental color w as 'blue, with the arms of the State embroidered in silk on the center, and the letters O.V.M. Ohio Volunteer Militia beneath. The name of the regiment in a scroll, underneath Artillery regimental colors were...

Pennsylvania

1st Battalion 75th Cavalry Regiment

On 16 May 1861 Pennsylvania's legislature directed the governor to 'procurc regimental standards, to be inscribed with the numbers of those regiments respectively, on which shall be painted the arms of this Commonwealth, and the names of the actions in which the said regiments distinguished themselves.' The state's adjutant general placed orders for regulation US Army flags, except that the state seal was to be placed on the canton of the national color, with 34 stars arranged symmetrically...

The Plates

Massachusetts State Flag

Ai gth Massachusetts Light Artillery The guidon of the 9th Battery of Massachusetts Light Artillery bore not only battle honours but the state seal. The 9th was in the vanguard during the retreat of the III Corps at Gettysburg on 2 July 1863, retiring by prolong, firing canister to save the battery guns. One battery officer was killed and all the others wounded half the enlisted men were killed or wounded, and all the horses shot down at the limbers. A2 Camp color, 108th New York Volunteer...