Richmond

'Winston kBridg«

toons; but the boats were swept away by the rising flood, and it was not till the morning that the bridge was made. The Confederates had thus gained twenty-four hours respite.'

By spirited encounters with Fremont's .vanguard, Ashby and his cavalry played a large part in slowing up the Federal advance; but near Harrisonburg, rallying his supporting infantry on foot when his horse had been killed under him, he was shot through the heart and fell dead, a severe loss to the Confederate cause. Jackson was making for Port Republic in the south of the valley. Here athwart the South Fork of the Shenandoah River he proposed to fight and defeat Fremont, who was coming down the turnpike on the west side of the river, and then turn against Shields on the east side. Everything went according to plan. Ewell defeated Fremont decisively at Cross Keys on 8 June 1862, and on the next day Jackson came out of Port Republic and fought Shields, the Stonewall Brigade playing an important part in the battle.

Shields's army approached to within two miles of Port Republic, and then drew up along a hollow road which provided excellent cover for the Federal riflemen. Here they were attacked in a spirited maner by the Stonewall Brigade under Winder; but being enfiladed by a battery on a hill by a ravine in the south, the brigade was forced back. Isolated by the ravine in front, the battery was difficult to approach; but to Jackson it appeared the key to the position and it had to be silenced. First he gave the task to one of his own batteries accompanied by two regiments from the Stonewall Brigade, and when these failed, further attempts were made by Ewell's men. Meanwhile the battle to the north of the battery was continuing. Further attacks by Winder met with no more success than the earlier ones; but when the Federals in the centre moved forward from their hollow road protection, Ewell who had hidden some troops in the woods to the south, struck at the Federals' flank and took the pressure off the Stonewall Brigade. This, and the final capture of the battery near the ravine by Taylor's Louisianians proved decisive, and the Federals began to withdraw. The Federal flight never became a rout, but prisoners were taken. For example, in one instance nearly half a Federal regiment were separated from their comrades and surrendered in a body.

The pursuit was then continued eight miles further by the cavalry who gathered, as spoils of war, small arms, vehicles and many more prisoners.

The battle at Port Republic saw the end of Jackson's splendid Valley Campaign. In 30 days his army had marched nearly 500 miles, skirmishing almost daily, fought five battles, defeated four armies, two of which were completely routed, captured about 20 pieces of artillery, some 4,000 prisoners, an immense quantity of stores of all kinds, and had done all this with a loss of less than

Stonewall Brigade Flag

1,000 killed, wounded and missing. The Stonewall Brigade were present throughout and played a part in almost every encounter. Because of their advance and retirement to Harper's Ferry and back, they marched an even greater distance than the rest. As the march table in the Appendix indicates - and this includes the long march of 150 miles or so over to Richmond after the Battle of Port Republic - they are reckoned to have marched 676 miles in 48 marching days averaging 14 miles a day. Their casualties were also among the highest, reaching 361 at Kernstown, and 236 in the operations about Front Royal at Port Republic.

federate army joined by Jackson's men to assault the Federals north of the Chickahominy River, which flowing from west to east divides the Peninsula. There followed the Seven Days' Battles in all of which the Confederates had the advantage. They drove McClellan's men over the river, and then on down to Malvern Hill in the south, after which the Federals took ship and returned to Washington.

The Stonewall Brigade commanded by Brig.-Gen. C. S. Winder took part in these battles and suffered in them 179 casualties of which 30 were killed including Col. J. W. Allen commanding the 2nd Va. The brigade distinguished themselves particularly at Gaines Mill. Here the Federals had taken up a strong position with their backs to the Chickahominy, and the Stonewall Brigade attacking from the north-east drove back the Regulars of Brig.-Gen. Sykes's Division. After the battle the Federals crossed to the south bank of the river, marched eastwards and joined in the defence of passed over White Oak Swamp Creek and Richmond, which was being attacked by a large defended Malvern Hill, and it was in these force under Gen. McClellan from the Yorktown locations that the two last battles of the Seven Peninsula. Believing the best way to defend the Days' were fought.

capital was to attack McClellan's forces, Lee, the Although the threat on Richmond from the east Confederate commander, sent a strong Con- had been obviated, the Confederates soon had to

Richmond Stonewall
The Stonewall Brigade on the march

Revert Days Battles

After the Valley Campaign Jackson's force

The Stonewall Brigade Michael RoffeUniforms The 7th Iowa Infantry 1861Uniform Texas Brigade 1863Confederate Cavalry Officer

1 Cavalry colonel, 1861-5

2 General, 1863

3 Cavalry officer, 1864

1 Cavalry colonel, 1861-5

2 General, 1863

3 Cavalry officer, 1864

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