Stones River Murfreesboro

In October 1862, General Rosecrans succeeded General JBuell as commander of the Department and Army of the Cumberland. Northern authorities demanded aggressive action against General Bragg's Army of Tennessee. On December 26, Rosecrans's 44,000-man army left Nashville and moved southeast in three columns against Bragg's 34,000 men, who awaited attack astride the axis of rail and stage roads northwest of Murfreesboro. Despite heavy skirmishing, Rosecrans failed to assault, and Bragg seized the...

Isbn 9780762423569

This book may be ordered by mail from the publisher. Published by Courage Books, an imprint of Running Press Book Publishers 2300 Chestnut Street, suite 200 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103-4399 Visit us on the web www.runningpress.com George Henry Davis Professor of American History Princeton University, New Jersey Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Battle Cry of Freedom The Civil War Era, Vol. VI in the Oxford History of the United States. His other books include The Struggle for Equality,...

Grants Second

Having secured his beachhead, Grant assessed his options attacking Vicksburg from the south would capture the city, but Pemberton would escape northeast Grant could march east and strike the Southern Railroad, pivot west, and close on Vicksburg from the east. This approach could cost Pemberton his army as well as the city. Grant, a great captain, chose the latter course. Sherman duly crossed the Mississippi at Grand Gulf. The Army of the Tennessee resumed its advance on May 8 Grant sent...

Chancellorsville Phase 1 april 26may 11863

Morale in the Federal Army of the Potomac rose with the appointment of Joseph Hooker to command. Hooker reorganized the army and formed a cavalry corps. He wanted to strike at Lee's army while a sizable portion was detached under Longstreet in the Suffolk area. The Federal commander left a substantial force at Fredericksburg to tie Lee to the hills where Burnside had been defeated. Another Union force disappeared westward, crossed the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers, and converged on...

Steeles Arkansas Campaign march i may 391864

Union Mud March

To distract Confederate forces away from General Nathaniel Banks's Red River cam paign in Louisiana, Major General Frederick Steele led 8,500 men south from Little Rock on March 23. Forces led by General Sterling Price, who commanded the Confederate District of Arkansas, unsuccessfully opposed his crossing of the Little Missouri River at Elkins' Ferry on April 3. Casualties were insignificant. Reinforced by 5,000 men from Fort Smith under Brigadier General John Milton Thayer, Steele next...

Confederate Invasion of Kentucky august 14 oct 91862

In the summer of 1862, with General Buell's Army of the Ohio threatening Chattanooga, General Bragg shifted the Confederate Army of the Mississippi to southeast Tennessee to cooperate with General Edward Kirby Smith's army in an invasion of Kentucky. Bragg's plan was to draw Buell away from Chattanooga, defeat his army, and rally Kentuckians to join the Confederacy. Leaving Knoxville on August 14, Smith's 10,000-man command forced the Federals to evacuate Cumberland Gap. Entering Kentucky,...

The Siege of Richmond

Although he remained focused upon Petersburg, General Grant perceived that Federal activity north of the James River might draw Confederate forces from the Petersburg trenches to permit a Federal breach. On July 27 he sent II Corps to attack through the X Corps bridgehead at Deep Bottom in a major demonstration. His goals were to weaken the Confederate garrison opposite the IX Corps mine at Petersburg and free a cavalry force to raid railroads near Richmond. The violent Confederate response did...

Hardee

J March 1-April 5 Grant transports his SfMiOQ I men - into southwest Tennessee. Establishes it at Pittsburg landing, and awaits Buell's army March 1 Johnston transports,55 0G6 Confederates to Corinth to defend the Memphis and Charleston Railroad April 3 Johnston advances toward Pittsburg Landing. Rain and bad roads delay his advance . April 6 Johnston launches surprise In the gray light of dawn, April 6, a small Federal reconnaissance discovered Johnston's army deployed for battle astride the...

Total

Defeatism infected many Southern people during the winter of 1863-1864. I have never actually despaired of the cause, wrote a Confederate War Department official m November, but steadfastness is yielding to a sense of hopelessness. Inflation galloped out of control. A Richmond diarist recorded this incident in October 1863 A merchant told a poor woman that the price of a barrel of flour was 70. My God exclaimed she, how can I pay such prices I have seven children what shall I do I don't know,...

Burnside

g April 18 Union expedition sails from Roanoke Island to Pasquotank River April 19, early am Union forces land on east side of Pasquotank River April 19 After 25-mile march, Federals V' engage Confederates near South Mills, and are defeated (see map right) I April 20 Federals fall back to Pasquotank, reembark, and return to their bases g April 18 Union expedition sails from Roanoke Island to Pasquotank River April 19, early am Union forces land on east side of Pasquotank River April 19 After...

Fort Macon

Monitor gets upsteam and places herself between Virginia and Minnesota. Monitor opens fire against Virginia In trying to maneuver Minnesota runs aground jO) Action between ironclads continues until Franklin Buchanan, commander of the C.S.S. Virginia, 12.15pm. Virginia withdraws photographed in his U.S. Navy uniform before the war (above). Believing that his native state would secede, Buchanan resigned his commission in 1861 when Maryland did not join the Confederacy, the Secretary of the Navy...

S25 Bounty Given By The D S Govern Men T

TO 5E JAiO AS BOOK AS XC3TE& EE UTTO SEBV1C a*- 100 BOUNTY WHEN THE WAR IS OVERT ) - It 19 intended to nuke tots one of Lh.e best Companies iE the Brigade or service, and eo labor win h spared te 40 so. The Officer fire experienced men, bavinbeen o-sr one yew In one of tie First Begiiaents in the service One of the many recruitment posters which were very successful in swelling the ranks of the Union army The four border slave states - Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and Delaware - were badly...

Confederate Cavalry Raids july4july27 1862

Cavalry Troops

To disrupt General Buell's offensive to seize Chattanooga, Confederate Colonels John Hunt Morgan and Nathan Bedford Forrest led slashing cavalry raids into central Kentucky and middle Tennessee to cut Federal supply lines, and throw Buell's operation into confusion. Morgan left Knoxville on July 4, with 876 officers and men in the newly formed Second Kentucky Cavalry Led by a vanguard of 60 scouts, the column rode north for the bluegrass state of Kentucky. For 24 days, Morgan's Kentuckians...

Prices Raid in Missouri Septemberoctoberi864

To spark a general uprising against the Federal occupation of Missouri, General Sterling Price initiated the war's longest raid in September, 1864. Marching northeast from Arkansas with 12,000 men - mostly mounted infantry - Price learned that St. Louis was heavily defended. He instead captured Fort Davidson near Pilot Knob on September 27, losing ten per cent of his forces in costly assaults. Price then proceeded to Jefferson City, intending to capture the state capital for political purposes,...

The Turning of the Tide

Confederate Draft Law

Morale in the Union armies and on the home front reached a new low in the early months of 1863 Captain Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., a future Supreme Court Justice who was recovering from the second of three wounds he would receive in the war, wrote that the army is tired with its hard and terrible experience. I've pretty much made up my mind that the South have achieved their independence. The staunchly patriotic editor of the Chicago Tribune vented his frustration and depression in a private...

Grants Second Vicksburg Campaign

Grant determined to operate against Vicksburg from a base on the Mississippi, and in the last days of January 1863 he established his headquarters at Milliken's Bend. This position would enable him to utilize Admiral David D. Porter's gunboats operating above Vicksburg, and supply his army by steam boat. Grant's Army of the Tennessee consisted of four corps Sherman's XV Corps at Young's Point McClernand's XIII at Milliken's Bend McPherson's XVII at Lake Providence and Stephen A. Hurlbut's XVI...

Info

Davis and his government had ordered the destruction of all ammunition dumps, but the fires thus begun eventually destroyed much of the city, including its commercial quarter. i 4 ) M rch 31 LLmii of Union advance in f . battle of milite Oak Road fg) ' arch 31 Confederates intercept S end nJ' movement near Dinwiddie Court House ( 6) Marchai, night Sheridan pulls back dien swings northwest to attack Five Forks fj Marcii 31 Confederates counterattack at

Shermans Atlanta Campaign Phase 1 may 7201864

By early May, Sherman had assembled a force of 100,000 men in the Chattanooga area. The force consisted of General Thomas's Army of the Cumberland, McPherson's Army of the Tennessee, and Schofield's Army of the Ohio. Facing it at Dalton, Georgia, were about 55,000 Confederates under General Johnston, organized into two infantry corps under Generals William J. Hardee and John B. Hood, and a cavalry corps led by Major General Joseph Wheeler. Aware that Johnston's position on Rocky Face Ridge was...

Charge At Cold Harbor

The skeletal remains of Cold Harbor's fallen are disinterred for reburial a year after the battle (right). Before the charge of June 3, many of Grant's men had taken the precaution of pinning paper name tags to t gir uniforms so that they might be identified if slain. Our men have., been foolishly and wantonly sacrificed We were recklessly ordered to assault the Enemy's intrenchments sic , knowing neither their strength nor position. Our loss was heavy, and to no purpose. Brig. Gen. Upton after...

Gettysburg july i 1863

After the discovery on June 30 that Gettysburg was occupied by Brigadier General John Buford's division of Federal cavalry, the Confederates on July 1 sent the divisions of Major General Henry Heth and Major General William Pender of Hill's Corps, down the Chambersburg Road to drive Buford away and occupy Gettysburg. The battle began at 5.30 a.m., when shots were exchanged over Marsh Creek. In the face of Buford's resistance, Heth pushed on cautiously until he reached a point about two miles...

North Carolina

I 'he effect of the explosion will be JL very severe, stunning men at a distance of three or four hundred yards and making them unable to stand for any length of time a fire from the ships I think that houses in Wilmington will tumble to the ground and I think if the rebels fight after the explosion they have more in them than I gave them credit for. Admiral Porter predicting the effects of the U.S.S. Louisiana's detonation. By the end of 1864 Wilmington, North Carolina, was the last important...

The Road to Appomattox april 29 is65

After evacuating Richmond and Petersburg during the night of April 2-3, Confederate forces moved on multiple routes toward a junction at Amelia Court House on the Richmond and Danville Railroad. There Lee hoped to be resupplied before marching south into North Carolina to join General Jospeh Johnston's forces. Reaching Amelia on April 5, Lee united his columns but found no rations. He also learned that Grant's vigorous pursuit had placed large forces across his path near Jetersville, eight...

Mobile Bay Campaign

Mine Creek Battlefield

On his promotion to Federal General-in-Chief, Grant set himself a number of tasks, one of which was the capture of Mobile, Alabama. This would close one of the two major ports for blockade running left open to the Confederacy. The attack on Mobile was aimed at the forts at the entrances to Mobile Bay, and on the Confederate naval squadron that included the ironclad ram Tennessee, considered to be invincible. The attack was a joint venture by the Federal army, led by Major General Gordon...

Shermans Carolinas Campaign February 1april 26 1865

General Grant's original plan had been to bring Sherman's army - once it reached the Atlantic coast - by ship to Virginia, where it would join with Federal forces already there to crush Robert E. Lee. But after Sherman's occupation of Savannah, Grant changed his mind, authorizing Sherman to march through South and North Carolina to Virginia. Sherman was to destroy Lee's supply base and wage psychological war against the South. On February 1 Sherman began the march through South Carolina, his...

North Carolina Campaign February 8 april 251862

In late August, 1861, the Union captured Forts Clark and Hatteras, which commanded the principal inlet to Pamlico Sound, but it was four months before the Lincoln administration took advantage of this success. On January 11, 1862, an armada of 63 ships sailed from Hampton Roads for the outer banks of North Carolina. Federal Brigadier General Ambrose E. Burnside commanded the 15,000 soldiers. On January 13, the expedition hove to off Hatteras Inlet, but it took until February 5 to maneuver the...

Island No 10 And New Madrid

Apriftiiiight Shrouded by heavy storm, Fe gt ieral gunboat Carondekt passes the visSandim.d psyches New Madrid. Joined by . gunixia lt rH 0urgon night of April 7 j y g amp f Pope's'tr ops prepare to cross ' rly aftd assault Confederates. Carondekt duels with Confederate shore batteries April- Wb'ij' .gunboats pound Tennessee 3, ' shore andesjience batteries, Pope's.forces 'O bfeonly festape.route Island No. 10 s iz d by .Foote's flotilla Confederates surrender on April 8 ' i March 3-14...

Atlanta Campaign Final Phase august i September 21864

On August 10, hoping to take advantage of the virtual destruction of two Federal cavalry divisions at the end of July, Hood dispatched the bulk of Wheeler's cavalry across the Chattahoochee River into northern Georgia. Hood's aim was to force Sherman to retreat from Atlanta by wrecking his railroad supply line. Wheeler, however, failed to do any serious damage to the railroad, and soon had to flee into Tennessee, thereafter ceasing to be a factor in the campaign. Meanwhile, Sherman again tried...

Thomas

Kjmball's and Beatty's divisions of Wofci'ilV Corps assaiTConfederate cerpter , tare pm Wilson's. and Smith's attack drivls Confederates from Hillsboro Pike Hoof withdrawS'tG'line covering the .GraniV fe. and Franklin Pikes Dec I6, 0am Steedni amp i, attacks Confederate right on Qvertbn Hill, and' is repulsed V. , Noon Wilson Reaches rear of Confederate lefk c. 3.30pm Beany an Steedman make another unsuccessful federal attack on Overton Hill 4pm Elements of Smith's cor is, break Confederate...

Km

Images Logan Crossroads

Confederate 'General Albert Sidney Johnston left had servi mfibe fJ.S. Army during the Black.Hawk and Meicioan Mats. Commissioned cr full general in he Confederate Army at the outbreak of war he enjoyed considerable popularity and his death at Shiloh was counted a national disaster. J 6 Union troops cross mountains and the Tennessee and bombard Chattanooga C June 6-11 Two Union brigades force their way through Big Creek and Rogers gaps and enter Powell River Valley Jan 17 Marching via Columbia,...

Fort Henry and Donelson Campaign febuary 1862

Forts Henry And Donelson

Prodded by Abraham Lincoln's call for a general movement of the army and navy against the insurgent forces, General Halleck ordered General Grant to take Fort Henry, the sole Confederate bastion defending the Tennessee River. Mounting only 17 cannon and constructed on low ground that was partially flooded, Fort Henry was unexpectedly weak. In view of these limitations, the fort's commander, Brigadier General Lloyd Tilghman, decided to save the major part of his Confederate garrison by sending...