Zouave Dress

Texas Bowie Knife

Recreation of a liner Ri le Zouave on campaign in IStil. His drawn Bowie knife is shaped like a sword at the hill. 11 could also be used as a first class 'knuckle duster in close combat. Sole the distinctive sniped trousers, ubiquitous red shirt and the unusual striped socks. beat s men were the only Zouave mill 'orth or South to wear such strange socks. Photo Michael Thomas The classic French Zouave uniform was based on the baggy trousers, short jackets and fez cs worn by the native North...

Zouaves In Skirts

69th New York Militia Meagher Zouaves

During the Second Empire no regiments of the French Army were complete without their 'daughters' - ladies armed with barrels of brandy who brought succour to the men and nursed the wounded. These women were known as eanti-nicres or vivandi res and several Zouave regiments in the American Civil War copied the idea. The word vivandi re is a combination of Latin and French, and literally means 'hospitality giver'. In France vivandi res first made their appearance with the French Army in the 17th...

Bibliography

Davenport, A,, Camp and Field Life of the Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry, Duryee Zouaves, Dick and Fitzgerald, New York 1879. Reprinted by the Butternut Press, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 1984. Nash, E.A., A History of the Forty Fourth Reil Wien t New York Volunteer Infantry, Chicago 1911. Reprinted by the Morningside Bookshop Press, Dayton, Ohio, 1988. Cow tan, CW., Services of the 10th New Volunteers National Zouaves in the liar of the Rebellion, Xcw York, 18S2. Johnson, C., The Long Roll...

The American Zouave Craze

The Zouave Craze

Gunned down at the beginning of the American Civil War, Eitner E. Ellsworth never even tasted battle, but he sparked a Zouave Craze across America. Born in the village of Malta near Mechanicville, New York State, on 11 April 1S,i7, Ellsworth became a military enthusiast ai an earl age, putting his friends armed with sticks through drill movements in the schoolyard. When lie moved to New York City, Ellsworth frequently visited the drill sessions of the 'Dandy Seventh1, the 7th Regiment, New York...

The Avengers

Lew Wallace

Following the untimely death of the gallant Ellsworth, at the hands of tavern-keeper James Jackson, the Ellsworth Association was formed, setting out to raise a regiment to honour the name of the gallant Fire Zouave commander. 'The grief of the people of New York at the villainous assassination of the noble Ellsworth is universal,' ran an editorial about raising the regiment in the Albany livening Journal. 'Let the people of New York, his native state, mingle with their tears practical poinis...

Firemen Zouaves

Regiment Zouaves

Early in 1861, Ellsworth was commissioned a second lieutenant in the regular army, but he resigned rhis post shortly after the tiring on Fort Sumter and the beginning of war. He headed hack to New York with the romantic idea that his native state should Supply the first Zouave unit to go to Washington and be mustered in for the con tliet. Ellsworth had been a martinet with his Zouave Cadets his men had to be of sound moral character and they were not allowed to drink ideas that would have...

Zouaves East West

Union Infantry Officer Trousers

Like the 69th New York, many early war militia units boasted companies of Zouaves. There didn't seem to be a city or town in the North where Zouaves couldn't he found. So ran a popular marching song of the war, belted out lustily by brave volunteers. But although Ellsworth and his Zouave Cadets had popularised Zouaves in America, some companies were already well established before the Zouave craze gripped the nation. Cosmopolitan New York City, with its high proportion of French immigrants,...

American Soldier Zouaves Crimea

William Howard Russell

Storming the heights of the Alma, charging gallantly at Itikc1111 in nntl sera 111 bling up the MalakofF at Sebastopol during the Crimean W ar, the elite Zouaves of the French Army became the subject of many heroic paintings and illustrations. Across Europe and America their daring reputation caught lie imagination. Queen Victoria even had one of her colonial regiments, the West India Regiment, wear Zouave dress. General George B. McClellan, who as a captain had been an American observer in the...

Epilogue

Women Civil War Combat

At First and Second Bull Run, the tangle of the Wilderness and in many other battles, American Zouaves experienced glorv and tragedy in equal measure. fhe spectre of a Duryee's Zouave is sometimes said to appear at dusk near the regiment's monument at Second Hull Run where the 5th New York was overwhelmed by Hood's Texans and whether you believe in ghosts or not, it is difficult not be affected by a sense of brooding that pervades the area. Some historians have dismissed American Zouaves as...

The Bloody Wilderness

140th New York Saunders Field

During 1863 and 1864 three Union regiments who had previously been clad in regulation army dress were issued Zouave uniforms as a reward for their proficiency at drill and to maintain the proud Zouave legacy. The delighted recipients of these fancy new uniforms were the 146th New York who received their Zouave dress in June 1863, followed by the 40th New York and the 155th Pennsylvania, who were issued with Zouave uniforms early in 1864. These three Zouave regiments formed half of a brigade...

Southern Tigers

Wheat Tigers Bowie Knife

Standing six feet four and weighing a hefty 17 pounds, Roberdeau Wheat was an imposing figure. He needed all his strength to control the 1st Special Battalion Louisiana Infantry, better known as Wheat's Tigers. The son of an Episcopalian minisier, Virginian-born Wheat was a lawyer and soldier of fortune. I le had served as an officer in the Mexican war and fought in Cuba and Central merica as a member of Walker's freebooting expeditions. After serving with Garibaldi's forces in Italy, Wheat had...

New Jersey Zooszoos

Cladek Zouaves

New Jersey lias a reputation for producing tough streetwise characters, and during the American Civil War many of them Were attracted to the state's two Zouave regiments. Raised in late 1863, the two regiments were the 33rd and 35th New Jersey Volunteers and if the attraction of wearing a fancy Zouave uniform wasn't a big enough pull, the large bounty offered to potential recruits was. However, several recruits went AWOL with the cash after they joined up. Captain Uigustus Angel of the 35th New...

Proud Pennsylvanians

44th New York Zouave

In ugust ISfil Irish-born lawyer Captain Charles H.T, Coliis raised a company of Zouaves in Philadelphia as a bodyguard for G nerai Nathaniel Banks. Dubbed the Zouaves d'Afrique, Collis and his men proved their mettle during a rearguard action fighting off Confederates during the retreat of Banks1 army at Middletown, Virginia. Collis and his Zouaves Were cut off from the main Union army, but made ii back to the lines, bringing with them 40 wagonloads of much-needed supplies which they had...

New Yorks Finest

New York Zouave Regiments

Duryee's Zouaves A few weeks before the demise of the Fire Zouaves the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, Duryee's Zouaves, had proved their mettle with a charge at Big Bethel, the first land action of the American Civil War, and throughout its two-year service the 5th Would live up to all its ideals. The unir would also hold the grim record that in the entire war no other Union infantry regiment suffered so great a number of casualties in so short a space of time, during a single day's battle....

The Plates

Civil War Veterans Parade Images

Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Duryea was cheered by the 5th ew York Zouaves at Gaines' Mill because of his coolness wider fire. He lived for a long time after the war, only to be murdered by his lunatic son, Chester, who shot him seven times at the family's Itrooklyn home in 1914 an inglorious end to the tough old warrior's career. New York Division of Military and aval Affairs Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Duryea was cheered by the 5th ew York Zouaves at Gaines' Mill because of his coolness wider fire....

Zouaves

Osprey Military

Text by ROBIN SMITH Colour plates by BILLYOUNGHUSBAND First published in Gr t'a I Britain in 1'' h gt Jsprej Publishing I'.lnis i . hapel Way, utley, Oxford 0X2 9LP, United Kingdom. Email osprey ojusprey publishing.co.uk 19 Osprey Publishing Ltd. Reprinted 1M8,1999 M rights reserved. Apart From any fair dealing for the purpose ut private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under he C . gt pvr ghl gt esigiis and Patents . mi part of tliis publication may lie reproduced, stored in...