The Plates

Old Newsreels Civil War

Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Duryea was cheered by the 5tli Xew York Zouaves at Caines' Mill because of his coolness under Jire. He lived for a long time after the war, only to be murdered by his lunatic son, Chester, who shot him seven tunes at the family's Brooklyn home in 914 an inglorious end to the tough old warrior's career. Xew York Division of Military and Suva I Affairs Lieutenant Colonel Hiram Duryea was cheered by the 5tli Xew York Zouaves at Caines' Mill because of his coolness under...

American Civil War Zouaves

Text by ROBIN SMITH Colour plates by BILLYOUNGHUSBAND First published in Great Britain in 1996 b gt Osprey Publishing, Kims Court, Chapel VV.iv, Bot Icy, Oxford OX2 91.1', United Kingdom Email ospreytoosprev publishing.co.uk i 1996Osprev Publishing I.td. Reprinted 1998, 1999 All rights reserved, parl from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Designs and Patents Act, I'ISS. no part of this publication may be...

Louisiana Zouave Uniform

Louisiana Zouave Uniform

Storming the heights of the Alma, charging gallantly at Inkerman and scrambling up the Ylalakoff at Sebastopol during the Crimean War, the elite Zouaves of the French Army became the subject ol many heroic paintings and illustrations. Across Kurope and America their daring reputation caught the imagination. Queen Victoria even had one of her colonial regiments, the West India Regiment, wear Zouave dress. General George 15. YlcClellan, who as a captain had been an American observer in the...

Bibliography

Davenport, A., Camp and Field Life of ilie fifth New York Volunteer Infantry, Duryee Zouaves, Dick and Fitzgerald, New York 1879. Reprinted by the Butternut Press, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 1984. Nash, E.A., A History of the Forty Fourth Regiment Sew York I olunteer Infantry, Chicago 1911. Reprinted by the Morningside Bookshop Press, Dayton, Ohio, 1988. Cow tan, CAY., Services oj the Kith New Volunteers National Zouaves in the War of the Rebellion, New York, 1882. Johnson, C., The Long Roll,...

Forward Volunteers

165th New York Zouave Jacket

But Meagher's troubles weren't oyer. One of the wagon's horses was shot and the wagon tumbled into Cub Run, pitching Meagher into the water. Despite his mishaps, Meagher staggered back to Washington with the battle-weary 60th, who won much praise for the fight they put up at First Hull Run. I'.ven the Southern press acclaimed them. 'No southerner but feels that the sixty ninth maintained the old reputation of Irish valor,' gushed the Memphis Irgits. Corcoran spent 13 months...

Coppens Wild Zouaves

Tiger Jackets Trimmed With Red

The men of the 1st Battalion Louisiana Zouaves were as infamous as their counterparts in W heat's Tigers. The unit was founded by George Auguste Gaston de Coppens, a leading New Orleans socialite who was authorised to raise his battalion by Confederate adjutant General Samuel Cooper. Coppens came from a noble French family, so it was natural that he should want his regiment to be Zouaves. His plans happily coincided with a theatre troupe proudly calling themselves the lukennau Zouaves, who...

Zouaves In Skirts

Civil War Vivandiere

During the Second Empire no regiments of the French Army were complete without their 'daughters' ladies armed with barrels of brandy who brought succour to the men and nursed the wounded. These women were known as canti-ni res or vivandi res and several Zouave regiments in the American Ci il War copied the idea. The word vivandi re is a combination of Eatin and French, and literally means 'hospitality giver'. In France vivandi res lirst made their appearance with the French Vrmv in the 17th...

Firemen Zouaves

Francis Brownell

Karl in 1861, Ellsworth was commissioned a second lieutenant in the regular army, but he resigned this post shortly after the firing on Fort Sumter and the beginning of war. I le headed back to New York with the romantic idea that his native state should supply the first Zouave unit to go to Washington and be mustered in for the conflict. F.llsworth had been a martinet with his Zouave Cadets his men had to be of sound moral character and they were not allowed to drink ideas that would have...

New Jersey

Confederate Zuave Captain Uniform

New Jersey has a reputation for producing tough streetwise characters, and during the American Civil War many of them were attracted to the state's two Zouave regiments. Raised in late 1863, the two regiments were the 33rd and 35th New Jersey Volunteers and if the attraction of wearing a fancy Zouave uniform wasn't a big enough pull, the large bounty offered to potential recruits was. However, several recruits went AWOI. with the cash after they joined up. C -aptain ugustus ngcl of the 35th New...

New Yorks Finest

Duryea Zouaves Uniform

Dunce's Zouaves A few weeks before the demise of the Fire Zouaves the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, Dunce's Zouaves, had proved their mettle with a charge at Big Bethel, the first land action of the American Civil War, and throughout its two-year service the 5th would live up to all its ideals. The unit would also hold the grim record that in the entire war no other Union infantry regiment suffered so great a number of casualties in so short a space of rime, during a single day's battle....

Epilogue

Civil War Zouaves

At First and Second Hull Run, the tangle of the Wilderness and in many other battles, American Zouaves experienced glory and tragedy in equal measure. The spectre of a Dunce's Zouave is sometimes said to appear at dusk near the regiment's monument at Second Hull Run where the 5th New York was overwhelmed by Hood's Texans and whether you believe in ghosts or not, it is difficult not be affected by a sense of brooding that pervades the area. Some historians have dismissed American Zouaves as...

The American Zouave Craze

Fire Zouaves Uniforms

Gunned down at the beginning of the American Civil War, Elmer F. F.I Is worth never even tasted battle, but lie sparked a Zouave craze across America. Born in the village of Malta near Mechanicv ille, New York State, on 11 April 1837, Fllsworth became a military enthusiast at an early age, putting his friends armed with sticks through drill movements in the schoolyard. When he moved to New York City, Ellsworth frequently visited the drill sessions of the 'Dandy Seventh', the 7th Regiment, New...

Zouave Dress

Knuckleduster War

Recreation of a Tiger Rijle ouave on campaign in 1861. His drawn Howie knife is shaped like a sword at the hill. It could also he used as a first class 'knuckle duster' in dose combat. Xote the distinctive striped trousers, ubiquitous red shirt and the unusual striped Socks. IIheat's men were the only ouave unit Xorth or South to wear such strange socks. Photo Michael Thomas The classic French ouave uniform was based on the baggy trousers, short jackets and fezzes worn by the native North...

Southern Tigers

New York Military Uniforms

Standing six feet four and weighing a hefty 275 pounds, Roherdeau heat w as an imposing figure. 1Ic needed all his strength to control the 1st Special Battalion Louisiana Infantry, better known as Wheat's Tigers. The son of an Kpiscopalian minister, Virginian-born heat was a lawyer and soldier of fortune. I le had served as an officer in the Mexican war and fought in Cuba and Central America as a member of Walker's freebt gt ot ing expeditions. After serving with Garibaldi's forces in Italy, W...

Zouaves East West

Salem Light Infantry Uniform

Like the 69th New York, many early war militia units boasted companies of Zouaves. There didn't seem to be a city or town in the North where Zouaves couldn't be found. So ran a popular marching song of the war, belted out lustily by brave volunteers. But although Ellsworth and his Zouave Cadets had popularised Zouaves in America, some companies were already well established before the Zouave craze gripped the nation. Cosmopolitan New York City, with its high proportion of French immigrants,...

The Bloody Wilderness

Confederate Louisiana Infantry

During 1863 and 1864 three Union regiments who had previously been clad in regulation army dress were issued Zouave uniforms as a reward for their proficiency at drill and to maintain the proud Zouave legacy. The delighted recipients of these fancy new uniforms were the 146th New ork who received their Zouave dress in June 1863, followed by the 14 tli New York and the 155th Pennsylvania, who were issued with Zouave uniforms early in 1864. These three Zouave regiments formed half of a brigade...

Proud Pennsylvanians

Piatt Zouave Uniform

In August ISM Irish-born lawyer Captain Charles I I.T. Col I is raised a company of Zouaves in Philadelphia as a bodyguard for General Nathaniel Hanks. Dubbed the Zouaves d'Afrique, Collis and his men proved their mettle during a rearguard action fighting off Confederates during the retreat of Banks' army at Middletown, Virginia. Collis and his Zouaves were cut off from the main Union army, but made it back to the lines, bringing with them 40 wagonloads of much-needed supplies which they had...