New Jersey

New Jersey has a reputation for producing tough streetwise characters, and during the American Civil War many of them were attracted to the state's two Zouave regiments. Raised in late 1863, the two regiments were the 33rd and 35th New Jersey Volunteers; and if the attraction of wearing a fancy Zouave uniform wasn't a big enough pull, the large bounty offered to potential recruits was. However, several recruits went AWOI. with the cash after they joined up. C -aptain \ugustus \ngcl of the 35th New Jersey also had to deal with a drunken brawl among some of bis men, and shot dead a private who came at him with a bayonet. The 33rd New Jersey, Mindil's Zouaves, commanded by Colonel George Washington Ylindil, and the 35th New Jersey, Cladck's Zouaves, commanded by Colonel John J. Cladck, certainly had fighting spirit; it just needed to be directed at the enemy, not at each other.

Moth regiments were sent west, and joined Sherman's army in the gruelling onslaught against Atlanta. The 33rd was the first of the two regiments to see action, flanking Confederates over steep inhospitable ground at Rocky Face Ridge in Georgia an action where Colonel Mindil was wounded. At the Battle of Reseca, in May 1864, the 35th New Jersey with the 25th W isconsin supported Morgan Smith's division of the \\ Corps. I'lie 33rd and 35th New Jersey saw a good deal of service through the \tlanta Campaign. The 35th became particularly adept at skirmishing; but Captain Angel, the officer who had been forced to shoot a Cladck's Zouave private in sell defence, was killed by a rebel bullet. Both regiments suffered hcavv losses: out of a total of 526 men,

Confederate Zuave Captain Uniform

I'lte II nrn si tie Zouaves, who hailed from Rhode Island, even n'ore white kepis its part of their spectacular looking uniform; hut the y were a short-lived outfit, only serving for Jive months in the summer of IS(>2 as a company with the Kith Rhode Island regiment. This dogged looking liiirnsitle Zouave, Sergeant J. II. Gardner, poses kepi in hand. Ilis jacket is light blue and the trousers red. ( Michael J. McAfee)

I'lte II nrn si tie Zouaves, who hailed from Rhode Island, even n'ore white kepis its part of their spectacular looking uniform; hut the y were a short-lived outfit, only serving for Jive months in the summer of IS(>2 as a company with the Kith Rhode Island regiment. This dogged looking liiirnsitle Zouave, Sergeant J. II. Gardner, poses kepi in hand. Ilis jacket is light blue and the trousers red. ( Michael J. McAfee)

the 33rd New Jersey could barely muster 200 at the end of the campaign.

Soldiering did have its compensations for the streetw ise New Jersey men of both regiments. The 33rd and 35th took part in Sherman's march to the sea, and were particularly good at foraging and 'liberating' valuables from the beleaguered Southern population, from an unpromising start, the roughneck Zouaves of the 33rd and 35th New Jersey had a very creditable war record, and proved themselves in more than one tough fight. Anyone who disagreed that they'd put on a good show would have been wise to keep his thoughts to himself.

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