The Trends Experts Service Review

The Trends Experts Service Review


Zouaves and Militia Units

5th Regiment Col Duryea

By the mid 19th Century, the French Army had a tremendous influence on military dress worldwide, especially in America. The traditional bond with the United States forged during the American Revolution, when France supported the fledging country in its This distinctive looking officer circa 1855, wears epaulettes and what appears to be a non-regulation large bow tie. His trousers seem to follow the rather straight cut of the 1850s and his shako on the table beside him has a feather plume and...

The Underground Railroad

Slavery Mid 1800s

One of the most valuable weapons that the abolitionist movement used in its war against slavery was the so-called Underground Railroad. This was the name given to a secret network of free blacks and whites who helped slaves escape from their masters and gain freedom in the Northern United States and in Canada, where slavery was prohibited. The Underground Railroad system consisted of a chain of barns and homes known as safe houses or depots that ran from the South up into the North. The free...

Early blockade runners

Confederate Blockade Runners

Before the outbreak of war, the Southern states had virtually no steam-powered merchant marine. When President Lincoln announced the imposition of the blockade, neutral shipping was given 15 days to leave Southern ports. In 1861, the bulk of cotton cargoes exported was shipped by foreign vessels, or else moved by river to Northern ports, where American-registered vessels transported the cotton to Europe. Most foreign vessels which happened to be on the scene at the start of the war sailed from...

Confederate Uniforms Equipment

Confederate Uniforms

Early uniforms were improvised, and one of the most popular garments was the battle shirt. Derived from the common pullover work shirt, these generously cut smocks or overshirts could be of homespun, cotton or wool, brightly colored or drab they were frequently trimmed or braided with contrasting colors and materials, and fitted with breast pockets. Many were worn open at the neck, revealing a civilian shirt and sometimes a necktie beneath others - such as the pattern worn by Gen Maxey's 9th...

Union Infantry Officers Dress

Dog Soldier Sash

Officially all infantry officers in regulation dress were to wear frock coats of dark blue cloth. These coats had a standing collar usually about 1 ' , inches in height and reached down two thirds to three fourths of the distance from the top of the hip to continued on p. 56 This comfortably dressed officer wears a sack coat with a narrow cut. This sack coat does not appear to have any shoulder straps, but he wears an officer's sash underneath his waistbelt. David Scheinmann. This comfortably...

English Civil War Royalists - Pictures

Marston Moor

Aftermath Marston Moor, 1644 1 Pikeman, Marquis of Newcastle's Regiment 2 Musketeer, Earl of Manchester's Regiment 3 Surgeon Aftermath Marston Moor, 1644 1 Pikeman, Marquis of Newcastle's Regiment 2 Musketeer, Earl of Manchester's Regiment 3 Surgeon Musketeers' equipment 1 Musketeers 2 Hats amp Montero caps 3, 4 Bandoleers amp tools 5 Muskets Musketeers' equipment 1 Musketeers 2 Hats amp Montero caps 3, 4 Bandoleers amp tools 5 Muskets choosc more broken country, especially if he had fewer...

The Bloody Wilderness

American Civil War Louisiana Uniform

During 1863 and 1864 three Union regiments who had previously been clad in regulation army dress were issued Zouave uniforms as a reward for their proficiency at drill and to maintain the proud Zouave legacy. The delighted recipients of these fancy new uniforms were the 146th New ork who received their Zouave dress in June 1863, followed by the 14 tli New York and the 155th Pennsylvania, who were issued with Zouave uniforms early in 1864. These three Zouave regiments formed half of a brigade...

The Nationalist Army 193745

Chiang Kai Shek Nationalist Forces

Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and his deputy chief-of-staff General Pei Hsung-hsi left , reviewing high-ranking Nationalist officers in Chungking, 1944. All wear standard Chinese Army officers' uniform with Sam Browne belts and, in most cases, breeches with high leather boots. Chiang is wearing his version of the service dress with the addition of an officer's mantle or cloak. disciplined while the 250,000 soldiers of Szechuan in the south-west were described as the worst-trained and equipped,...

Specialized blockade runners

Armored Sloops Enterprise 1864

By the start of 1863, the Confederate economy was in crisis. A string of Union military successes, and the reluctance of the European powers to recognize the Confederate States of America, had undermined the government's long-held belief in the economic power of cotton. Preventing its free export only seemed to hinder the flow of imports into Southern ports, and withholding it increasingly denied Confederate agents in Europe the financial wherewithal they needed to supply the Army with guns. By...

Cavaliers And Roundheads Pictures

Roundheads And Cavalier Armour

Very few Civil War units wore full cuirassier armour - the last echo of the medieval knight -with a close helmet or a burgonet and full torso, shoulder, arm and thigh armour. Although it gave very good protection it was expensive, difficult to maintain for whole units on campaign, and exhaustingly heavy and hot to fight in for a generation of men who - unlike their ancestors - had not been raised from boyhood to bear it. After the rout, at Roundway Down in July 1643, of Parliamentarian Sir...

The Army Of The Potomac

24th Massachusetts Regiment Cavalry Flag

As the Union's field armies grew in size, various of their commanders attempted to make units easy to identify in the field through systems of unique flags carried by each formation and unit. The Army of the Potomac's General Orders No. 102 was issued 24 March 1862, under Major-General George B. McClellan's direction, and gave the Union Army its first comprehensive army-wide flag designating system. According to the sections which provided instructions on flags, the army's general headquarters...

Battle Of Marston Moor

Battle New Model Army, Naseby, 1645 1,2 Pikeman 8c musketeer, Sir Thomas Fairfax's Regiment 3 Ensign, Prince Rupert's Regiment ___ Aftermath Marston Moor, 1644 1 Pikeman, Marquis of Newcastle's Regiment 2 Musketeer, Earl of Manchester's Regiment 3 Surgeon Aftermath Marston Moor, 1644 1 Pikeman, Marquis of Newcastle's Regiment 2 Musketeer, Earl of Manchester's Regiment 3 Surgeon

Officers Swords and Sabers

1850 South Carolina Army Uniform Photo

These Confederate officers' swords reflect some of the best work by Southern sword makers. Boyle, Gamble and Co. was the premier sword maker of the Confederacy and the example shown here 5 is unusual in that it has no fuller. Another fairly large-scale manufacturer was Leech amp Rigdon, which was also known as the Memphis Novelty Works. At least six major types of Leech amp Rigdon swords have been identified, of which two are shown here 2, 3 . A third sword maker was W. J. McElroy of Macon,...

Acw Field Fortifications

Construction Field Fortification

Kronl ol PoUTsburg ihc Advsmw ofl'S f'u jmf set The Confederate attack on Fort Stedman, March 25, 1865 Fort Stedman was a seven-sided redoubt with accommodation for 10 guns behind an earthen parapet. However, only four light 12-pounder guns were in place at the time, manned by the 19th New York Battery. The fort was garrisoned by 300 men of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry. A large bomb-proof was constructed in the parade of the fort, which was protected by a reinforced earthen parapet.The...

Native American Clothing

Caddo Indian Clothing

Bind old pieces of cloths and rags about my legs in imitation of the dressed and smoked buckskin leggings so universally worn by the full blood Creeks of that day Headgear In 1859, Grayson, who made a point of having his clothing cut and sewed by the tailor and in the prevailing style, was embarrassed to be seen with his father, who habitually wore a turban fashioned out of a shawl. Such turbans, brightly colored and fringed and often imported from Russia, were still worn and decorated with...

Chinese Civil War Weapons

Chinese Padded Military Winter Uniform

Chiang Kai-shek was not blind to the weaknesses of his army. His frank analysis of his officers recognized their lack of professional skills, their neglect or ill-treatment of their men. and their endemic personal corruption. His intentions were frustrated by senior commanders failing to co-operate with one another, each protecting his own army's assets like some jealous warlord, unwilling to risk his own men or more importantly, his equipment to help a neighbouring commander who was under...

Images Of Russian Army In 1919

Detachable Shoulder Boards

1 Trooper, detached squadron of the Latvian 1st Kurzem Division, 1919 2 Senior NCO, 1st Plastoon Regt, Bermont-Avalov's Detachment, Russia, 1919 3 Captain, 1st Pskov Inf.Regt, North-Western Army, 1918-19 1 Strelets Rifleman , 1st 'Blue Coat' Division of Secheviye Streltsi, Ukraine 1918 2 Rotmistra Captain , 2nd Ulan Regt, Poland, 1919-20 3 Vistoon Corporal , West Ukrainian Army, 1918-19 AFSR TROOPS. THE BATTLE FOR KIEV. AUGUST 1919 1 Private, Signals Team, 1st Composite Infantry Regt 2...

Pivotmounted 11inch 280mm Dahlgren Smoothbore

Civil War Naval Pivot Cannon Carriages

To befall a naval officer was the oversight of a gun and its crew. Many different types of gun entered service with the U.S. Navy, but the larger rifles and smoothbores such as this Dahlgren 11-inch were the most likely to be found aboard sea-going sloops and cruisers. This gun weighed some 16,0001b 8 US tons 7,258kg and could hurl a 1301b 59kg shell nearly a mile. The rate of fire varied from rapid two minutes per shot to sustained three minutes per shot , the gun being aimed by means of a...

CSA Private Cavalry Campaign Dress

Texas Cavalry The Civil War

This plate shows a typical Confederate trooper of about 1863, before the most severe shortages of uniforms and equipment led to the virtual disappearance of anything resembling regulation styles. Though many militia units had good horse-furniture of pre-war vintage, there was little uniformity in the type of saddle used, varying from the U.S. McClellan pattern or its Confederate copy, the older Grimsley and Jennifer patterns, with numerous imported models and civilian saddles. A large number of...

Harnessing The Iron Horse For

Robert Lee Steamer

When war erupted, both sides scrambled to turn the disjointed private rail networks into viable military transportation systems. Both governments were aided by the fact that many of their senior commanders had been railroad men before the war graduates of West Point, especially to the Corps of Engineers, were highly sought-after , but were impeded by the fact that many corrupt politicians owned railroad companies. To a large extent the railroad companies retained their autonomy and kept their...

Nationalists Versus Communists 192745

Feng Hsiang China

The alliance between the Nationalist Party and the Communist Party in China was always fragile, their joint hatred of the Warlords the only thing that kept it together. When Chiang Kai-shek decided to wipe out his Communist allies in 1927, he began 20 years of fighting. After the Nationalists' victory over the Warlords in 1928, Chiang then turned his attention to the Communists. In a series of extermination campaigns he tried to eradicate the bases or 'soviets' that were under Communist...

American Civil War Fortifications 2

Hare Civil War

Ron Field Illustrated by Peter Dennis Series editors Marcus Cowper and Nikolai Bogdanovic First published in 2005 by Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford OX2 OPH. UK 443 Park Avenue South. New York, NY 10016, USA E-mail nfo All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, part of this publication may be reproduced, stored...

T26 Model 1933 Bandera De Carros De Combate De La Legion Cubas De La Sagra 1938

Bt5 Wheels

The captured T-26 tanks, more popularly called Vickers in Nationalist service, were rebuilt and repainted by Panzergruppe Drohne at their Cubas base before being incorporated into the Spanish Legion tank regiment. In ordered to prevent their misidentification as Republican tanks, they were prominently marked with the red yellow red flag colors of Franco's forces and usually had the turret roof painted in white with a St Andrew's Cross for air identification to prevent being attacked by...

Civil War Blackade Runners

Ship Ventilation

13 Forward cargo hold note this would be completely filled while running the blockade 14 Ventilation duct for crew's quarters one of four 15 Engine room ventilation duct one of four 20 Ship's boat one of four carried 21 Master's cabin and pilot's cabin 22 Company flag Colonel Lamb on pennon 1 Bow, shaped to minimize her bow wave 9 Gaff-rigged spar for propulsion under sail, and also used as a crane jib 11 Ship's cutter one of two carried on board

Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree ca 17971883

Isabella Baumfree Images

Sojourner Truth was one of the most highly regarded and recognized African American women in the 19th century. In 1863, Harriet Beecher Stowe noted that she was impressed not only by Truth's tall, slender physical appearance but also by her clear sense of self-worth. An unstinting advocate of the rights of women and African Americans, Truth traveled widely in support of both movements. Truth was born into slavery as Isabella Baumfree around 1797 in New York State. Enduring harsh physical...

CPrivate US Coloured Infantry

1830 Army Uniform Images

Beginning with the Corps d'Afrique Louisiana Native Guards and the ist Louisiana National Guard, the first 'black' regiment in U.S. service mustered 27 September 1862 , about 300,000 coloured troops were enrolled in Federal service following the Emancipation Proclamation I January 1863 in 166 regiments 145 infantry, seven cavalry, twelve heavy artillery, one field artillery, one engineer , of which about sixty were employed in the field. Officers were white negro regiments, though they behaved...

Women in the Russian Civil

Lady Commissar

For women, distinctions between non-combatant and combatant blurred during the Russian Civil War. The lucky ones lived far behind the lines in areas that were not exposed to the rapidly shifting fronts. Most were housewives, mothers, farm labourers, industrial workers, shopkeepers, telephone operators - in other words, ordinary people concerned with simply staying alive and finding enough food to eat at affordable prices. Some chose the path of easy virtue, or were forced down that road because...

The Richmond defenses 186165

Richmond Fortifications

Following his acceptance as Major General of Virginia Forces on April 23, 1861, Robert E. Eee appointed Colonel Andrew Talcott, Engineer of Virginia Forces, to the job of setting up a system of defensive fortifications around the Confederate capital. On May 9, a Committee on Defense was selected amongst the City Council to assist in providing a work force and materials. Councillor Richard Reins had been appointed as Superintendent of City Defenses by the beginning of July. Problems arose in...

Spanish Foreign Legion

Spanish Legion Uniforms

1 Cabo, infantry, service dress 2 Falangist militiaman, summer campaign dress, 1937 3 Navarrese requet , winter campaign dress, 1936 Background Colours of Regimiento de Infanteria 'San Marcial' no. 22 1 Sargento porta-gui n, 2' Bandera, Spanish Foreign Legion summer campaign dress, 1936-37 2 Legionario de Ia clase, Spanish Foreign Legion winter campaign dress, 1938 3 Teniente, infantry, summer campaign dress 2 Cabo, infantry, winter campaign dress 3 Soldado, infantry, winter campaign dress

Confederate Blockade Runner 186165

Confederate Blockade Runner 1861

Angus Konstam hails from the Orkney Islands of Scotland, and is the author of over 40 books, many of which are published by Osprey. His other Civil War titles include Confederate Ironclad 1861-65, Union Monitor 1861-65, Confederate Raider 1861-65 and Hampton Roads 1862. Formerly the Curator of Weapons in the Royal Armouries at the Tower of London, he also served as the Chief Curator of the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West, Florida. He is currently based in Edinburgh, Scotland where he...