Chapter 81862 Near Victory for the Confederacy

The Calm Before the Storm

Grant Leads Union Victories in the West . .

The Battle of Shiloh

Preparation for the Attack on New Orleans .

Farragut Devises a Bold Plan

The Confederacy Passes the Conscription Act Lincoln Grows Impatient with McClellan. . McClellan Begins His Advance on Richmond Stonewall Jackson's Shenandoah Campaign.

117 120 120 122 124 124 126

Lee Stops McClellan's Advance 129

Lincoln Makes Changes in the Union

Military Leadership 130

The Second Battle of Bull Run 130

Confederate Victories in the West 131

Lee Advances into the North 132

Antietam—the Bloodiest Day in American

Military History 133

Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation 134

Lincoln Fires McClellan 136

The Battle of Fredericksburg 136

Chapter 9—1863: The Tide Turns 139

Rosecrans and Bragg Duel in the West 140

Lincoln Signs the Emancipation Proclamation . 143

Burnside's "Mud March" 143

Hooker Prepares for Battle 144

The Battle of Chancellorsville 145

Lee's Greatest Triumph 148

Lee Invades Pennsylvania 149

The Battle of Gettysburg 149

Lee Orders "Pickett's Charge" 151

Grant's Fight for Possession of the

Mississippi River 154

The Siege of Vicksburg 155

Lincoln's Troubles on the Home Front 156

Rosecrans Occupies Chattanooga 157

The Battle of Chickamauga 160

Federal Victory at Chattanooga 160

Chapter 10—Women in the Civil War 165

A Time of Hardship and Grief 166

Women's Roles in the War 168

Nurses and Aid Workers 169

Spies, Scouts, Couriers, and Saboteurs 173

Changes in Attitudes after the War 175

Chapter 11—1864: The North Tightens Its Grip 177

Grant Takes Control 178

The North Launches Twin Offensives 179

Battle of the Wilderness 179

The Battle of Spotsylvania 181

Two Wounded Armies 181

The Battle of Cold Harbor 183

Grant Targets Petersburg 185

Northern Disillusionment with

Grant's Campaign 185

Sherman Chases Johnston 185

Hood Assumes Command in the West 187

Democrats Nominate McClellan for President 187

Farragut Captures Mobile Bay 188

Atlanta Falls to Sherman 190

Northern Confidence Returns 192

Sheridan Goes to the Shenandoah Valley 192

Total Warfare 194

Lincoln Wins Reelection 196

Sherman Begins His "March to the Sea" 198

Thomas Crushes Hood in Tennessee 199

Chapter 12—Blacks in the Civil War 201

Northern Blacks Want to Join the Fight 202

Prejudice Leads to Race Riots in the North . . . 204

Blacks in the Confederacy 205

Word of Emancipation Spreads in the South . . 206

Escaped Slaves Move North 207

Union Army Finally Accepts Black Soldiers . . . 210 Blacks' Wartime Service Breaks Barrier of Discrimination 215

Chapter 13—1865: Victory for the North 217

Last Days of the Confederacy 217

Lee Remains Trapped in Petersburg 218

Sherman Moves Through South Carolina . . . . 219

Desperation in the Confederacy 220

The Confederacy Considers Using Blacks as Soldiers 222

Passage of the Thirteenth Amendment 223

Grant Increases Pressure on Petersburg 223

Grant Captures Petersburg and Richmond . . . 224

Lee Surrenders to Grant 224

Union Celebrates Victory 227

Lincoln Is Assassinated 227

Davis Is Captured and Imprisoned 229

Chapter 14-1865-1877: Reconstruction 233

End of the War Raises New Issues 235

Lincoln's Wartime Reconstruction Policies ... 237 President Johnson's Reconstruction Policies. . . 237

Discrimination Continues in the South 239

Congress Takes Control of Reconstruction ... 241

The Fourteenth Amendment 242

New Hopes of Equality 243

"Radical Reconstruction" 244

President Johnson Faces Impeachment 245

Reconstruction Unravels 248

Violence Against Blacks Increases 249

The Election of 1876 Ends Reconstruction . . . 250

Where to Learn More xlvii

Index liii

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