Info

Kiowa, Comanche, Plains Apache

Various chiefs and "headmen"

Thomas Fitzpatrick

Yes

Indians promised not to raid across border into Mexico and to allow road and fort construction on their lands

Unspecified

Missouri Treaty

Mar. 16, 1854

Otoe, Missouria, Delaware (Lenni Lenape), Peoria, Shawnee, Omaha, Piankashawa,Wea, Miami

Various chiefs and "headmen"

Indian agent

James M. Gatewood

Yes

Tribes ceded 43 million acres in Kans. and

Nebr. territories, and retained 300,000 acres, received annuities and "necessary services"; recognized president as chief agent of U. S. government in all dealings with Indians

Unspecified

Oregon Country Treaty

Dec. 26, 1854

Nisqualli

Various chiefs and "headmen"

Washington Territory governor Isaac Stevens^

Yes

Government guaranteed historic fishing rights

Unspecified

Oregon Country Treaty

Jan. 26, 1855

Dwamish, Suquamish, S'Kallam, others

Various chiefs and "headmen"

Washington Territory governor Isaac Stevens

Yes

Extinguished all Indian claims in western Washington Territory

Unspecified

Treaty of Hell Gate

(Washington Territory) (Walla Walla Valley Treaty Council)

Jul. 16, 1855

Columbia Basin tribes (included Nez Perce, Flathead, Kootenay, Akima)

Yakima chief Kamiakin

Washington Territory governor Isaac Stevens

Yes

Established Nez Perce Reservation in east Idaho and extinguished all other Indian claims in eastern Washington Territory

Unspecified

Unnamed

Jul. 31, 1855

Ottawa, Chippewa

Various chiefs and "headmen"

Indian Affairs commissioner George W Manypenny and Agent Henry Gilbert

Yes

Government granted permanent residence to these tribes in upper Mich., lifting threat of removal across Mississippi River

Unspecified

Laguna Negra Treaty

Jul. 18, 1855

Navajo and other N. Mex. tribes

Manuelito,

Zarcillos Largos, others

N. Mex. territorial governor David Meriwether

No

Created "dividing line" between Indian lands and whites' lands; Indians ceded lands in return for cash annuities; honored by neither side

Superseded in 1868 by new treaty

Latah CreekTreaty

Sep. 23, 1858

Spokane, Coeur d'Alene, Palouse

Chief Garry

Colonel George Wright

No

Indians agreed to cede lands and keep the peace

Unspecified

Fort Wise Treaty

(Colorado Territory)

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