This plate shows the beginning of the degeneration of the Confederate field uniform, as regulation dress began to wear out and replacements - due to the Federal blockade - became increasingly more scarce. 'Slouch' hats of all colours and descriptions replaced the kepi (this being a habit among the troops rather than because of any shortages), and other items of uniform became increasingly less common, civilian clothes, captured Federal items and home-dyed garments appearing in their stead. Confederate soldiers - notably improvident on campaign - discarded the regulation equipment as being an unnecessary encumberance, replacing it with a rolled blanket or any length of cloth, worn over one shoulder, containing personal possessions and items of spare clothing (where these existed). The canteen shown, of a flat, uncovered tin design, was of the type supplied by Schnitzler and Kirshblower, being stamped with the state name in large letters.
As a previously-independent republic, Texans considered themselves as different from the remaining Confederate states, which probably explains why the 'Lone Star' device was often prominently displayed (unofficially) on pouches and head-dress, as well as on the State belt-plates. These star badges were made of cloth, sewn on to the hat or garment, or of metal, some commercially-produced and purchased by the troops, and often home-made, sometimes converted from silver dollars.
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