BPrivate Regulation Dress

The Texas Rangers were originally raised during the War of Texan Independence as a quasi-military mobile police force to protect the settlers from the depredations of marauding Indians. Reorganised by Sam Houston, the Ranger companies acted as State Militia during the Civil War, but their name was transferred to the 8th Texas Cavalry, raised by B. F. Terry and Thomas S. Lubbock, generally known as the ist Texas Rangers or 'Terry's Texas Rangers'.

Officially, the uniform consisted of grey képi with yellow band, light grey shell-jacket with yellow facings, and dark grey trousers with yellow stripe down the outer seam. The rigours of campaigning and the shortages of material compelled the regiment to dress in whatever clothing they could find or steal-captured Federal items, black or grey 'slouch' hat, coloured scarf; brown, grey or blue jackets with or without red facings; trousers of any colour, many captured from the Union; in fact any item of clothing was pressed into service, being given 'uniformity' by the addition of scarlet trimming when possible. Wearing such costume had its dangers: on 5 January 1864 Private

8th Texas Cavalry

43 8th Texas Cavalry a) Private, Campaign Dress.

b) Private, Regulation Dress.

Union Cavalry Uniform

44 a) Major, Infantry, Full Dress.

b) Colonel, 20th Alabama Regiment.

c) 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, Campaign Dress.

E. S. Dodd of the 8th Texas was shot by the Union as a spy, having been captured wearing items of Federal uniform! As popular with most Texan units, the 'Lone Star' emblem of the State was always in evidence on belt-plates, accoutrements and head-dress; Company 'F', in fact, was known as the 'Lone Star Rangers'.

Serving in the West, the 8th Texas had a fine record, and in the 1870's the Texas Rangers were re-organised as a police force to patrol and protect against bandits and Indians; they continue as an independent police force to the present day, maintaining the high record of their forebears. The 8th Texas Cavalry should not be confused with other units bearing the same title: Rosser's Texas Mounted Rangers (Company 'K', 10th Virginia Cavalry), or with various units of 'Texas Rangers': 'E', 2nd Texas Cavalry; 'K', 8th Texas Cavalry; and 'F', 59th Virginia Infantry.

b) Colonel, 20th Alabama Regiment.

c) 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, Campaign Dress.

In full dress, Confederate infantry officers wore the regulation frock-coat with light blue facings and trimming, though all-grey uniforms were not uncommon. Rank-lacing on the cuffs and rank-badges on the collar were of gold lace; buttons were gilt. The kepi was officially light blue with dark blue band and gold lace, though it appeared in a combination of light and dark blue and grey as well. Trousers were light blue with a 1 j. inch dark blue stripe; rank was further distinguished by the red silk sash worn under the waistbelt.

On campaign, the uniform frequently underwent radical alteration : though the frock-coat was retained in many cases, shorter jackets like those worn by the rank and file were popular. The képi was frequently replaced by a 'slouch' hat, commonly black, with or without decorative feather plumes. Trousers were often grey or blue-grey, sometimes worn with knee-boots as illustrated. The sash was frequently discarded, and often a pistol alone was carried, the sword not being universally popular. Overcoats, when used, were like those of the other ranks, though numerous non-regulation styles existed.

The officer of the 20th Alabama Infantry illustrated (based upon a contemporary photograph) wears the standard infantry uniform, with the addition of felt hat with turned-up brim. Isham W. Garrott, Colonel of the 20th, was promoted Brigadier-General (28 May 1863); he was killed by a sharpshooter at Vicksburg on 17 June 1863.

The 2nd Lieutenant illustrated is armed with an ornate, pearl-handled Navy Colt revolver.

45. C.S.A.: a) Private, Infantry, Full Dress, b) Sergeant-Major, Infantry, Full Dress.

This plate shows the regulation full dress of enlisted men of the Confederate infantry, though it is doubtful whether many were ever issued (if at all); it is possible that the uniform never went beyond the prototype stage, as materials ran short after the opening months of the war. Even if some were issued, it is probable that only officers wore a uniform completely in accordance with dress regulations.

According to the manual 'Uniforms and Dress of the Army of the Confederate States' issued in September 1861 by Adjutant- and Inspector-General Samuel Cooper, it is possible that the regulation head-dress was intended to be a shako similar to the 1851 pattern of the U.S. Army, possibly of black, dark blue or grey cloth, with pompom and presumably brass plate; however, the regulations are so vague that the pattern of shako or whatever cannot be determined and in any case 'General Order No. 4' of January 1862 authorised the use of the forage cap (kepi) to be worn by all ranks in full dress, the top to be light blue, with a dark blue band.

The grey frock-coat was to extend half-way between the knees and hips, double-breasted, with two rows of seven buttons and light blue facings and piping; N.C.O.s' rank chevrons and sashes (the latter worn when the sword was carried) were to be of the light blue distinguishing colour also. Trousers were to be light blue, with a ii-inch dark blue stripe for N.C.O.s; musicians were to have Federal-style light blue frogging on the breast of the coat, and a light blue sash. All equipment was to be of black leather. The brass infantry badge (a hunting horn) was officially to be worn on the top of the képi (similar badges were authorised for other branches -crossed sabres for cavalry, crossed cannon-barrels for artillery), and, if possible, the regimental number on the front of the cap; but it seems extremely unlikely that any of these devices were ever actually worn.

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  • lucia padovano
    How big was a union uniform?
    8 years ago
  • Lennon
    What are the uniforms of terrys texas rangers?
    8 years ago
  • Niklas
    6 years ago

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