The regulation 'Hardee' hat, complete with plume, was worn in full dress by infantry officers, the badge on the front consisting of an embroidered hunting-horn badge (with
11 a) Officer, 1st Cavalry.
b) Officer, 9th Vermont Cavalry.
c) General of Cavalry.
12 a) Officer, Infantry, Campaign Dress.
b) Sergeant, 2nd Infantry, Full Dress.
c) Officer, Infantry, Full Dress.
13 a) Corporal, Infantry, with National Flag.
b) Musician, Infantry, Full Dress.
c) Private, Infantry, Full Dress.
or without regimental identification). The frock-coat was double-breasted for field officers (i.e. from Major to Colonel), having two rows of buttons, seven in each, spaced equally. In full dress, epaulettes of a similar pattern to those of the cavalry were worn; otherwise, the same uniform was worn with embroidered rank-bars on the shoulders. Commissioned rank was further indicated by the universal red sash; either gloves or gauntlets were worn. Trousers (officially dark blue) were more often light blue with a Jth-inch wide seam-stripe.
On campaign, officers adopted numerous non-regulation variations; that illustrated is taken from a contemporary photograph. The képi bears a similar badge to that worn on the full-dress hat; the short jacket bears rank-bars and is worn with collar, tie and waistcoat. Officers' waistcoats were officially dark blue, white or buff with nine buttons and standing or 'rolled' collar, but numerous variations existed.
Other ranks wore a single-breasted frock-coat in full dress, piped with the infantry distinguishing colour (light blue), with brass shoulder-scales. The cords on the 'Hardee' hat were of the same colour as the piping. The badge of the hunting-horn with regimental and company identification was in brass for other ranks, borne on the front of the hat; when the hat was replaced with the képi for active service, these badges were transferred until discarded completely (as they frequently were). The 'Hardee' hat, though smart in appearance, was of litde value in the field, and was replaced as soon as possible with the képi, though not always officially, when the 111 th Pennsylvania received their hats, they took the opportunity of ridding themselves of the unpopular headgear by throwing them into the river as the regimental train passed over the Shenandoah Bridge!
Sergeants wore the light-bladed N.C.O. sword in full dress, but not the sash, this being reserved for the ranks of ist Sergeant and upwards. The Sergeants' trouser-stripe was i J inches wide.
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