Locally Made and Imported Weapons continued

In an effort to furnish arms to troops made in limited quantities and no in the field, the Confederates effort seems to have been made to utilized many obsolete arms of earlier achieve any form of standardization manufacture. Most flintlocks were which could have seen greater altered to the percussion system (1), numbers available at lower cost, and though in haste, some were not (2), also eased the logistical burden, which meant that soldiers in the second half of the 19th century were 1 Virginia Manufactory 1st Model pistol,| going to war armed with weapons of modified for percussion firing the late 18th century. Some revolvers 2 Virginia Manufactory 2nd Model were fabricated in Texas by flintlock pistol companies such as J. H. Dance (7-8) 3 Ramrod for item 2

and others were manufactured 4 Confederate revolver holster abroad, such as the French-made Le 5 Palmetto Model 1842 pistol with Mat (9-10). Those weapons that were integral ramrod unstowed produced in the Confederacy were 6 J. and F. Garret pistol with integral

12 T. W. Cofer revolver

13 Tucker, Sherrard and Co. revolver

14 Griswold and Gunnison early model revolver

15 Clark, Sherrard and Co. revolver

16 Le Mat holster ramrod stowed

7 J. H. Dance & Brothers Navy revolver

8 J H. Dance & Brothers Army revolver

9 Le Mat First Model revolver

10 Le Mat Second Model revolver

11 Columbus Fire Arms Manufacturing Company revolver rgima Histoncai Society. Riclir

Union Weapons

The Conledeiacv. Richmond, va

Captured Union Weapons

A major source of weaponry for the South was arms captured from Northern soldiers and all those on these two pages are known to have come to the South by such means.

1 Model 1842 flintlock type of percussion pistol

2 Unidentified type of underhammer pistol

3 Colt Model 1860 design of fluted Army revolver

4 Smith and Wesson No. 2 Army revolver

5 Unopened tin of percussion caps for

Tucker Sherrard RevolverColt M1860 Navy Revolver

12 Massachusetts Arms Company Adams Patent Navy revolver

13 Colt Model 1849 Pocket revolver

14 Colt Model 1860 Army revolver

15 Colt Model 1849 Pocket revolver

16 Pistol tool associated with Colt Model 1860 Army revolver

17 Pistol flask containing gunpowder used to charge individual chambers

use with revolvers Packet of six paper cartridges incorporating bullet and charge suitable for use with Colt Navy pistol Colt Model 1851 Navy revolver Opened tin of percussion caps Pistol bullet mold device Remington New Model Army revolver Whitney Navy revolver

10 11

In the Confederate Army, as with n

I many others, officers took to carrying revolvers as being more effective than the traditional sword and considerably less bulky. But, since the C.S.A. was in no position to issue a standard handgun to all its officers, it then became a matter of personal taste and financial means to obtain a weapon which would express the owner's personality. In addition, to say that a weapon was "foreign-made" had a certain cachet and almost certainly meant that it was better made than if it had been produced by a hard-pressed Confederate gunsmith.

The Le Mat revolver had two barrels, the top one being a normal, .41 caliber, rifled barrel, fed by the nine-round revolving cylinder. In addition, it had a second, larger, .65 caliber barrel which fired a pelleted, shot-gun type cartridge round, and a rotating nose on the hammer could be turned to fire whichever chamber was desired. The design was patented by a Frenchman, Jean

Alexander Le Mat, and the weapon was manufactured in France and under licence in England and the United States.

The cased handgun is Beaumont-Adams 0.49 caliber revolver, produced by R. Adams "Manufacturers of Fire Arms of all kinds" of 76 King William Street, London, E. C. Adams had exhibited various prototype revolvers at the Great Exhibition of 1851, where the interest shown had been sufficient to encourage him to set up a gunmaking business, and he had quickly become successful. A purchaser of one of his original weapons was a Lieutenant Beaumont of the British Royal Engineers, who proposed some changes to the locking system, which made the weapon much safer to handle. In addition, Adams decided to fit a rammer, which can be clearly seen in this picture. The result was the Beaumont-Adams series, of which the cased weapon shown here is a beautifully preserved example.

1 Le Mat 2nd Model revolver, .41/.65 cal, the property of Capt. J.N. Maffatt of the Confederate Navy

2 Cased Adams Patent revolver

Tarpley CarbineRamrod Position

with ramrod the stowed position

10 Tallahasee carbine with ramrod shown in the stowed position

11 Branding iron with CS motif

12 Fabric-covered tin-drum water canteen, complete with strap

13 Spurs manufactured by the Memphis Novelty Works, Tennessee

14 Tarpley carbine with hammer cocked

15 Le Mat carbine

Lemat Carbine

Quite a few private contractors manufactured carbines and musketoons under contract to the Confederate Ordnance Department. J. P. Murray (Greenwood and Gray) produced substantial numbers (2) and (7), but surviving specimens of Dickson, Nelson, and Tarplay carbines (1) and (14) are very rare. In fact, most Confederate arms were either captured from the Union or imported.

There are some very interesting weapons shown here. The British Pattern 1853 (4) is a 'musketoon," a name given to a standard musket which had been cut-back to produce a more! manageable and lighter weapon for use by cavalry or artillery (i.e., the equivalent of a carbine). The Terry Pattern 1860 carbine (5) was one of the earliest breech-loaders and the bolt-action is seen here in the open position. The Le Mat carbine (15) is one of a number of weapons that combined a revolver] action with a longer barrel and a stock to produce a repeating weapon. In this case, the weapon has the twin barrels characteristic of the Le Mat design.

with ramrod the stowed position

10 Tallahasee carbine with ramrod shown in the stowed position

11 Branding iron with CS motif

12 Fabric-covered tin-drum water canteen, complete with strap

13 Spurs manufactured by the Memphis Novelty Works, Tennessee

14 Tarpley carbine with hammer cocked

15 Le Mat carbine

Dickson, Nelson and Company carbine with ramrod displayed in stowed position j. P. Murray carbine Ramrod for use with J. P Murray carbine depicted above

British Pattern 1853 Enfield musketoon, with the ramrod displayed in the stowed position British Terry Pattern 1860 carbine with breech mechanism seen in open position for reloading Ramrod for use with item 5 J P. Murray musketoon complete with ramrod in the stowed position British design of gun tool British Pattern 1853 Enfield carbine

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  • daavid pusa
    Where to byflintlock rifles in texas?
    7 years ago
  • Giacobbe
    Who made the 1860 army revolver imported by spesco co.?
    7 years ago
  • travis
    What company imported the dickson cheyenne revolvers?
    6 years ago

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