At first appointed brigadier-general of Virginia's forces, Lee later received a regular Confederate commission. By 1862 he was military advisor to President Davis and, after the wounding of General Joseph E. Johnston in May 1862, Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Lee fought aggressively and was immensely successful at Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville. Then, after the repulse at Gettysburg, he was forced to turn to the defensive and he did well through 1864 in the Wilderness and into 1865 around Petersburg, but the situation became critical. After a last effort to break away from the encircling Federal forces, Lee and the remains of the Army of Northern Virginia surrendered at Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865.
1 Field tent (a mock-up)
2 A saddle blanket, used on General Lee's horse, Traveler
3 A scarf sent to the general by an English admirer
5 A frock coat with Maryland State seal buttons given by the ladies of Carroll
and Frederick Counties and sent through the lines by Thomas N Webb of Baltimore Leather haversack Leather gauntlets Sword belt with a Virginia State seal belt plate The camp bed and blanket used by General Lee during the siege of Petersburg Mess gear utensils Leather riding boots Wooden camp chest Mess gear chest Modified Grimsley saddle Field glasses and case Hat given by General Lee to the
Reverend J. Clay Stiles
17 Colt Model 1851 Navy revolver, engraved
18 The pen used to sign the surrender at Appomattox
19 A table used at the winter headquarters near Orange Courthouse. 1863-4
Personal Memorabilia of General Thomas Jonathan Jackson, C.S.A.
The great General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson graduated from West Point in the class of 1846, and went on to distinguish himself in the Mexican War. He resigned from the Army in 1852 to become an instructor at the renowned Virginia Military Institute (V.M.I.). At the beginning of the Civil War he was appointed a colonel in the Virginia State militia and thereafter his rise was rapid and uninterrupted.
1 Confederate forage cap worn during the war
2 Hand-made embroidered scarf presented by an admirer
3 Cased, British-made Adams revolver with accoutrements
4 Leather case for item 5
5 Field glasses
6 Forage cap worn by General Jackson
7 A Lefaucheaux Brevete revolver presented to the general by his officers
8 A pair of epaulettes worn on dress occasions at V.M.I.
9 Pair of gold spurs presented to General Jackson by the ladies of Baltimore, Maryland
13 Leather gauntlet worn by Jackson on the night of his mortal wounding, May 2, 1863, Chancellorsville, Va
14 A pair of silver spurs worn during the war
15 Leather haversack
16 Gold watch carried by General Jackson at Chancellorsville
17 Spur worn at the time of his wounding
18 Jackson's sword: a U.S. Model 1850
19 The black waterproof coat worn by General Jackson at the moment of his wounding
Personal Items of General Thomas Jonathan Jackson, G«S«A*
Jackson's sobriquet "Stonewall" was earned at First Manassas, and came from a comment from Brigadier General Bernard E. Bee of South Carolina, who reportedly remarked to his staff, "...there is Jackson, standing like a stone wall.. ." He was promoted to major general in August 1861, and the following year waged a campaign in the Shenandoah Valley that is a text-book study for military students and historians to this day. With the exception of the Seven Days' Battles Jackson performed incredibly well during his career, saving Lee at Sharpsburg after which he was promoted to lieutenant general, commanding 2nd Corps. His flank march at Chancellorsville was brilliantly executed, but, in a tragic accident, he was mortally wounded by his own forces while making a night reconnaissance on May 2 and died on May 10, 1863. Had he lived, the outcome of the war might have been different.
In stark contrast to the flamboyance of some of his fellow Southern generals, Jackson was a man of great straightforwardness and utter simplicity. The song-sheet - "Stonewall Jackson's Way" -reflects the esteem in which he was held in the South, but probably caused him great embarrassment. The old high-topped forage cap is known not to have been much to his liking, but he wore it at times, while the water-can for his washing-water was also simple and unpretentious. He was wearing the spurs at the time he was shot and the folded white cloth still carries traces of his blood as his comrades tried to staunch the flow.
Though hardly as showy as the Yankee General Custer, Confederate Major General "Jeb" Stuart represented much of what was most dashing in the bold cavaliers of the South. His short jacket, buttoned back in the Revolutionary War style to show its buff facings, the ostrich plume in his hat, the gleaming black high-topped boots were all the trademark of the officer that friends called "Beauty." Most elegant of all were his whiskers, and the merry twinkle in his eyes that everyone around him noted. Carrying his heavy dragoon saber and his Le Mat pistol, Stuart could always be found in the middle of the action on any field of battle. Only death from a mortal wound at Yellow Tavern could stop him, and his absence left a permanent gap at the once-merry campfires of the cavalry corps of the Army of Northern Virginia. Even his personal banjo player is said never to have sounded quite the same again
Stuart's absence during the initial stages of the Battle of Gettysburg has always been controversial. When he should have been acting as Lee's eyes and ears, he was off on a pointless raid that gained nothing and may have helped cost Lee the battle. But that was an aberration in Stuart, who more than once let the glee of taking and returning with captured goods distract him from his primary cavalry mission. He was without doubt unfailingly courageous and selfless, and whatever hardships his men suffered, he shared as well. Thus it was that he was in the thick of the fighting with them at Yellow Tavern, Virginia, on May 11, 1864, when a Federal trooper fired a .44 pistol ball into his right side. Twenty-seven hours later he died in Richmond, having braved every danger to which he had exposed his men.
w Confederacy. Richn
Personal Possessions and Memorabilia of Maj. Gen. ]. E. B. Stuart, C.S.A.
A West Point graduate in the class of 1854, Stuart served in the U.S. Cavalry until his resignation and appointment as colonel of the 1st Virginia Cavalry in 1861. By mid-1862 Stuart had risen to become a major general and commander of the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia. It seemed as if he led a charmed life and could not fail, until the Battle of Brandy Station (June 1863), where Confederate cavalry realized that the Federal cavalry had become a force to be reckoned with. From that point on, Stuart and his men were hard pressed by Federal horsemen at every encounter.
1 Headquarters flag, First National pattern
2 Stuart's field glasses and case. After being wounding at Yellow Tavern, May 11, 1864, the general gave these to his aide-de-camp, Lt. Theodore S. Garnett
3 Stuart's haversack
4 Leather riding boots
5 1858 McClellan saddle
6 Buckskin gauntlets
7 General's silk sash worn by Stuart at Yellow Tavern
8 Stuart's jacket
9 Stuart's wool vest with Federal staff officer's buttons
10 Plumed felt officer's hat, made in Paris
11 Stuart's trousers
12 Field glasses and case
13 Uniform frock coat, possibly Stuart's
14 Whitney revolver carried by Stuart at Yellow Tavern
15 Le Mat 1 st Model revolver
16 English holster for item 15
17 Tin wash basin and bowl
18 Tin cup
19 Leather gun case
20 Calisher and Terry carbine
21 Model 1860 cavalry saber, of French make
22 Model 1851 Federal saber belt with plate
23 Federal officer's sword belt and plate worn by Stuart at Yellow Tavern w Confederacy. Richn
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