This is the saddle in which Major General John F. Reynolds was sitting when he was killed in or near woods close to McPherson's Ridge during the Battle of Gettysburg. The general was hit in the head by a chance Rebel bullet on the first day of the battle. July 1, 1863, while trying to mount a holding action against the advancing Confederate forces. He was certainly wearing the sword-belt at the time of his death and may also have been wearing the sash, as well. He had been offered the command of the Army of the Potomac just days before he was killed, but he turned it down.
Right: Major General John F. Reynolds, shown here as a brigadier, was fighting the Confederates almost on his own soil when he was struck down early in the Battle of Gettysburg.
1 Oval Maryland State seal plate
2 Maryland State seal sword-belt plate
3 Oval Mississippi State seal plate
4 Alabama State seal sword-belt plate
5 Oval Alabama State seal plate
6 Louisiana State seal plate
7 Oval South Carolina plate
8 Texas plate
9 Oval plate of the Alabama Volunteer Corps
10 Virginia State seal sword-belt plate
11 Oval Texas plate
12 Virginia State seal sword-belt plate
13 C.S.A. plate, Eastern Theater
14 Oval CS plate with beaded border, Western Theater
15 C.S.A. rectangular plate, silvered
16 C.S.A. plate, Eastern Theater
17 CS sword-belt plate
18 Oval CS plate. Eastern Theater
19 CS rectangular sword-belt plate
20 Oval C.S.A. plate
21 Pewter C.S.A. plate, Western Theater
22 Oval CS plate, Western Theater
23 C.S.A. plate, Western Theater
24 Oval CS plate
Southern State and Confederate
During the decades before the war many states adopted distinctive accouterment plates for wear by their state militias, most of them consisting of the state seal in various configurations or the capital letters in the form of abbreviation of the state name. Out of expediency, many of these beautifully fabricated prewar plates were pressed into service at the beginning of hostilities. Original production was limited and hard service caused many to be lost or destroyed, so that today, all are scarce, most are considered quite rare and all are avidly collected.
The most prolific manufacturer was Emerson Gaylord of Chicopee,
Massachusetts, who is known to have produced the oval Maryland state seal plates for that state (1). The similarity suggests that he also made plates for Mississippi (3) and Georgia in the immediate prewar years. A very few such state plates were manufactured in the South during the war.
From the outset, Confederate forces were issued a bewildering array of distinctive central government accouterment plates, usually oval or rectangular in shape, made of brass, and bearing some variation of the letters "CS" or "C.S.A." These appear to have been issued primarily to Confederate forces in western and deep south areas.
While regulations were quite specific, the Confederate officer wore whatever hat was available at the time. Replacements were difficult to obtain, so many pieces of equipment or clothing were used until they were little more than rags. Surviving material was used up after the war due to the desperate economic situation in the South during Reconstruction. As a result, specimens of Confederate hats are very scarce.
1858 Hardee hat of Colonel Francis S. Bartow, of the 7th and 8th Georgia Regiments
1858 Hardee hat of Capt. Paul Hamilton with North Carolina palmetto insignia and officer's hat cord Rubberized rain hat of Col. Bradflute Warwick, 4th Texas Infantry Full dress beaver skin chapeau of Capt. A. J. Grayson, Co. B (F), 45th Virginia Infantry
Wool headwarmer of Maj. Robert B. Taylor, 6th Virginia Infantry Cotton havelock of W. H. Kirkpatrick of Georgia
Non-regulation cap of Capt. David L. Smoot, Alexander Artillery, Va Forage cap of Brig. Gen. George
13 Colonel's epaulettes of Brig. Gen. Alexander Gait Taliaferro
14 Captain's epaulettes of Maj. Gen. H. D. Clayton
15 Captain's epaulettes of Capt. James K. Lee, Co. B, 1st Virginia Infantry
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