Union Artillery Artifacts

It is a curious fact that in the pre-Civil War army - both regular and militia -the status of the artillery branch was, with just a very few exceptions, very low. For West Point men a commission into the artillery was not sought after and recruiting of enlisted men was slow. Even during the war there were not as many artillery units as might have been expected: by the war's end the Federal Army had deployed some 432 batteries, just 12 percent of all the units that served.

Perhaps because their lives were ruled by the regulations for gun drills, Federal artillery units complied very closely with uniform regulations and unit or personal idiosyncracies do not seem -to have been allowed. Thus, all the items on this spread comply with the regulations and show the clear predominance of the branch color -red. The short shell jackets (10) were worn by horse artillery and the longer coats (8) by foot artillery, while the more elaborately piped jacket signified a bandsman.

1 Light artillery shako hat complete with artillery insignia

2 Bugle

3 Parrott shell

4 12lb spherical solid shot

5 Forage cap as worn by Union gunners I

6 Overcoat for mounted troops

7 Hardee hat

8 Union frock coat complete with rank insignia of a Sergeant

9 Musician's shell jacket

10 Artilleryman's shell jacket

Union Frock Coat

11 Waist belt complete with metal fastening buckle

12 Model 1840 Light Artillery saber with scabbard and waist belt

13 Model 1869 Colt Army revolver complete with holster

14 Belt for carrying artillery fuse box

15 Artillery fuse box as affixed to belt 14

16 Artillery fuse

17 Two packets of artillery fuses

18 Gunner's haversack complete with shoulder carrying strap

19 Artilleryman's service trousers

20 Non-commissioned officer's sash

21 Model 1833 Foot Artillery short sword and scabbard

11 Waist belt complete with metal fastening buckle

12 Model 1840 Light Artillery saber with scabbard and waist belt

13 Model 1869 Colt Army revolver complete with holster

14 Belt for carrying artillery fuse box

15 Artillery fuse box as affixed to belt 14

16 Artillery fuse

17 Two packets of artillery fuses

18 Gunner's haversack complete with shoulder carrying strap

19 Artilleryman's service trousers

20 Non-commissioned officer's sash

21 Model 1833 Foot Artillery short sword and scabbard

Confederate Greatcoat And Sash

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