Union Cavalry Officers Uniforms and Equipment

The cavalry branch-of-service color - yellow - was used as background for shoulder straps, piping for coats and trousers. A predecessor branch, dragoons, utilized the color orange in the same manner until it was discontinued in favor of cavalry in 1861. The crossed sabers insignia, both embroidered and stamped metal, was used on headgear.

The men to whom these artifacts belonged were: Capt. William Cunningham, 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry (5); Capt. Alexander H. McHenry, Co..G, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry (3); Capt. Alfred Pleasanton,

2nd Dragoons (later major general)® (20); Capt. Charles R. Suter (10); Capt.l William P. Wilken, 1st Virginia CavalryB (2); Capt J. H Workman, 6thl Pennsylvania Cavalry (6).

1 Forage cap

2 Frock coat

3 Slough hat

4 First lieutenant's shell jacket

5 Forage cap

6 Shell jacket

7 Slough hat of 4th U.S. Cavalry

8 Workman's trousers

9 Workman's model 1840 cavalry officer's saber

10 Model 1860 cavalry saber

4th Army JacketUnion Cavalry Captain

11 Officer's sword belt

12 Model 1840 cavalry officer's saber

13 Freeman Army Model revolver, 44 caliber

14 1853 Le Faucheux revolver

15 Captain s shoulder straps

16 Major's shoulder straps; note yellow backing

17 Officer's sash

18 Epaulettes 2nd Cavalry. Note yellow backing to regimental number

19 Epaulettes, Second Lieutenant in 2nd Dragoons. Note orange backing

20 Epaulettes. First Lieutenant, 2nd Dragoons

21 Cavalry hat insignia

22 Officer's high boots

Union Cavalry Uniform

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  • emilia
    What equipment was carried by a union cavalry soldier?
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