Nowhere was the approach to infantry uniforms more starkly demonstrated than in the uniforms of the rifle regiments (also known as "sharpshooters") and the zouaves. Rifle uniforms were designed to be as inconspicuous as possible, the color of the uniforms being usually a dark green or a dark blue. The branch insignia had a green background, and the piping was also green. These elite units were few in number and surviving equipment is correspondingly very rare.
The known individual owners of the items shown here were: Lt. Col. William Fowler, 146th New York Regiment (14, 15); Col. Augustus Funk, 39th New York Regiment, (Garibaldi Guard) (4, 5, 6); Lieut. W.H. Mallory, 5th New York Regiment (Duryee's Zouaves (11, 12); Lt. Col. Frederick Mears, 1st U.S. Sharpshooters (3).
2 Rifle officer's hat insignia
3 Sharpshooter officer's frock coat
4 Hat insignia, 39th New York, (Garibaldi Guard).
5 and 6 Officer's epaulette numerical designation
7 Shoulder strap insignia
8 Officer's sword belt
9 Non-regulation officer's sword, a German manufactured import
11 Officer's trousers, 5th New York Regiment (Duryee's Zouaves)
12 Forage cap, 5th New York Regiment (Duryee's Zouaves)
13 A non-regulation Bartholomae's Patent Water Filtration Canteen
14 Forage cap, 146th New York Regiment
15 Short jacket
16 Smith & Wesson No. 2 Army rimfire revolver, taking a .32 caliber cartridge
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