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Maryland Cavalry

The ist Virginia Cavalry w ere sketched in late August 1S62 in Maryland just before the Battle of Sharpsburg carrying a small Army of Northern Virginia battle Hag as a pennon.

The Hag carried by Morton's Battery, which served with Forrest's command in the West, is a variation of the Army of Sort hern Virginia battle flag made without fimbration. ┬┐Measuring iS inches by 24 inches, it is made of cotton save for the St. Andrew's cross which is made of satin from the dress worn by the battery commander's wife on the day that the two met. Several stars arc missing. (Courtesy Mike Miner)

army's corps on 1 February 1864. On 20 April he issued his corps' General Orders No. 54: 'I. The regiments of this corps will have their battle-flags plainly marked with their numbers and the State to which they belong. This is done that in the event of the loss of colors no misunderstanding may arise as to who lost them.

'II. But one stand of colors will be used by any regiment in time of battle.'

On 21 April 1864 a circular directed that units which had served honourably in battle or captured enemy artillery could inscribe the battle name on their battle flags. On that same day a circular was issued in Hardee's Corps which read: 'The battle-flags of this corps, known as the "Virginia battle-flag," will have inscribed on them the number of the regiment and the State to which it belongs; the number in the upper angle formed by the cross and the name of the State in the lower angle.'

Actually, there w as some variety among flags even after the Army of Tennessee pattern battle flag was adopted; e.g. the 5th Company of Louisiana's Washington Light Artillery received a Second National Flag in early 1864 which had a red crossed cannon insignia on the white field over the name '5TH CO. W.A.' and six battle honours. Similar flags were carried by the 32nd Alabama Infantry and Austins Battalion.

In an attempt to further regularize flags within the Army of Tennessee, on 19 February 1864 General Orders No. 25 authorized a system of command flags. They were as follows: Army Headquarters: 'battle flag of the Virginia army.'

Hardee's Corps:

Corps commander, flag with three horizontal bars, blue-white-blue.

Division commanders: flag with two horizontal bars, white above blue. Brigadiers: all blue flag. Hindmans Corps: same, w ith red instead of blue.

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