Early blockade runners

Confederate Blockade Runners

Before the outbreak of war, the Southern states had virtually no steam-powered merchant marine. When President Lincoln announced the imposition of the blockade, neutral shipping was given 15 days to leave Southern ports. In 1861, the bulk of cotton cargoes exported was shipped by foreign vessels, or else moved by river to Northern ports, where American-registered vessels transported the cotton to Europe. Most foreign vessels which happened to be on the scene at the start of the war sailed from...

Specialized blockade runners

Armored Sloops Enterprise 1864

By the start of 1863, the Confederate economy was in crisis. A string of Union military successes, and the reluctance of the European powers to recognize the Confederate States of America, had undermined the government's long-held belief in the economic power of cotton. Preventing its free export only seemed to hinder the flow of imports into Southern ports, and withholding it increasingly denied Confederate agents in Europe the financial wherewithal they needed to supply the Army with guns. By...

Civil War Blackade Runners

Ship Ventilation

13 Forward cargo hold note this would be completely filled while running the blockade 14 Ventilation duct for crew's quarters one of four 15 Engine room ventilation duct one of four 20 Ship's boat one of four carried 21 Master's cabin and pilot's cabin 22 Company flag Colonel Lamb on pennon 1 Bow, shaped to minimize her bow wave 9 Gaff-rigged spar for propulsion under sail, and also used as a crane jib 11 Ship's cutter one of two carried on board

Confederate Blockade Runner 186165

Confederate Blockade Runner 1861

Angus Konstam hails from the Orkney Islands of Scotland, and is the author of over 40 books, many of which are published by Osprey. His other Civil War titles include Confederate Ironclad 1861-65, Union Monitor 1861-65, Confederate Raider 1861-65 and Hampton Roads 1862. Formerly the Curator of Weapons in the Royal Armouries at the Tower of London, he also served as the Chief Curator of the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West, Florida. He is currently based in Edinburgh, Scotland where he...