Hac Bosnia And Herzegovina

Source: HQ, Vitez Military District, Vitez, n.d. (February 2), 1993, subj:Assessment of the Situation (Table, "Ratios of Forces and Equipment by Locality"), 21, KC D59/2.

Source: HQ, Vitez Military District, Vitez, n.d. (February 2), 1993, subj:Assessment of the Situation (Table, "Ratios of Forces and Equipment by Locality"), 21, KC D59/2.

items was a very important, if limited, part of the logistical chain. Prior to the outbreak of the Muslim-Croat conflict, HVO forces in central Bosnia were relatively well supplied by road from HVO logistical bases at Grude and Posusje in Herzegovina. With the ABiH attacks in April, 1993, the main land lines of communication to the south—Route diamond in particular— could no longer be used to evacuate casualties from central Bosnia or to bring in supplies. The need for casualty evacuation was critical, and Drago Nakic, a manager of the SPS explosives firm stationed in Split, arranged and coordinated the legal use of Croatian Army helicopters for the evacuation of casualities from the HVO hospital in Novi Bila.29 The HV helicopters operated from their base in Divulje under UNPROFOR and ECMM supervision, but their use was discontinued in July, 1993, due to the danger arising from heavier ABiH attacks and the shrinking of the Lasva Valley pocket. Nakic then arranged for the use of commercial helicopters with Russian and Ukrainian civilian crews to make the flights from Grude and Posusje, and the evacuation flights continued at a rate of two or three per week until early 1994.30

Although authorized helicopter flights brought in some medical supplies for the HVO in central Bosnia until July, 1993, for all practical purposes the OZCB was entirely cut off from Herzegovina from early July until the fall of 1993, and no significant amounts of military supplies were received.31 However, the unauthorized commercial helicopter flights from Grude and Posusje did bring in limited amounts of critical items, such as ammunition, spare parts, and communications equipment, and there may well have been other unauthorized parachute drops and helicopter deliveries.32

Thus, while the HVO forces in Herzegovina may have been well equipped with tanks, artillery, food, fuel, clothing, ammunition, and other supplies provided by the Republic of Croatia and other outside sources, the situation in central Bosnia was vastly different. The HVO in central Bosnia was not only outnumbered, it was outgunned as well. As the conflict dragged on, the HVO's logistical situation became even worse, despite attempts to open alternate lines of communication and the use of helicopters. The measure of the HVO's resources poverty is that at the time of the Washington Agreement cease-fire in February, 1994, the on-hand stocks of artillery ammunition in the OZCB had fallen to six 122-mm shells and four 155-mm shells.33

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  • juan
    Where is hac in bosnia?
    8 years ago
  • Robert
    Where is the city of hac bosnia?
    5 years ago
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    Where is hac yugoslavia?
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