The Russian Civil War 19 I 822

David Bullock

First published ir> 2008 by Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botiey, Oxford OX2 OPH, UK 443 Park Avenue South. New York. NY 10016. USA E-mail: [email protected]

© 2008 Osprey Publishing Limited

All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of pnvate study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Designs and Patents Act. 1988. no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrical, chemical, mechanical, optical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner Enquiries should be addressed to the Publishers.

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ISBN 978 I 84603 271 4

Page layout by Ken Vail Graphic Design, Cambridge, UK

Typeset in (Stone serif and Gill Sans

Cartography by The Hap Studio

Index by Fineline Editorial services

Origination by PPS Grasmere, Leeds, UK

Pnnted and bound in China through Bookburlders

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A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.


Introduction 7 Chronology 9

Background to war

The October Revolution 14

Warring sides

An Empire Divided 21


1918 29

The fighting

1919 55

Portrait of a soldier

The Black Guards 85

The world around war

Allied intervention 90

Portrait of a civilian

Women in the Russian Civi! War 107

How the war ended

1920-22 I 14

Conclusion and consequences

A Century Redrawn I 33

Index 142

Chinese People Russian Civil War

The former Russian Empire in the national flag colours of red, blue and white. Overhead, the state crown is surrounded by a wreath of thorns symbolizing suffering and sacrifice.The imperial eagle has been replaced by a black eagle with sword and extended talons that spreads the red cloak of communism over the land. (Chose™ émigré journal, 1933)

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