The Russian Civil War 19 I 822

David Bullock

First published ir> 2008 by Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botiey, Oxford OX2 OPH, UK 443 Park Avenue South. New York. NY 10016. USA E-mail: [email protected]

© 2008 Osprey Publishing Limited

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ISBN 978 I 84603 271 4

Page layout by Ken Vail Graphic Design, Cambridge, UK

Typeset in (Stone serif and Gill Sans

Cartography by The Hap Studio

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Pnnted and bound in China through Bookburlders

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Contents

Introduction 7 Chronology 9

Background to war

The October Revolution 14

Warring sides

An Empire Divided 21

Outbreak

1918 29

The fighting

1919 55

Portrait of a soldier

The Black Guards 85

The world around war

Allied intervention 90

Portrait of a civilian

Women in the Russian Civi! War 107

How the war ended

1920-22 I 14

Conclusion and consequences

A Century Redrawn I 33

Index 142

Chinese People Russian Civil War

The former Russian Empire in the national flag colours of red, blue and white. Overhead, the state crown is surrounded by a wreath of thorns symbolizing suffering and sacrifice.The imperial eagle has been replaced by a black eagle with sword and extended talons that spreads the red cloak of communism over the land. (Chose™ émigré journal, 1933)

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