Built late in 1861 by the Billinghurst Company of Rochester, New York, this gun had 25 barrels mounted flat on a light metal platform on a two-wheel carriage. The sliding breech was operated by a lever and the barrels were loaded by light steel cartridges with an ignition hole in the oval base held in special clips for quick loading. When the gun was loaded, a channel behind the cartridges was filled with powder, which was ignited by a percussion cap struck by a hammer firing all barrels simultaneously. The barrels could be movea laierauy Tor spreaa . raper caririoges were not inserted in me sieei cases, but each case was loaded by hand with loose powder, and a patched ball was used in the belief that it gave greater accuracy. With a crew of three, seven volleys per minute could be fired. The exposure of the powder to rain and stray sparks was, however, a distinct disadvantage. Effective range was in excess of 1,000 yards.
Albaugh II, W. A. and Simmons, E. N., Confederate Arms, Stackpole 1957. American Rifleman, Civil War Small Arms, NRA 1959. Coggins, J., Arms and Equipment of the Civil War, Doubleday 1962. Confederate Historical Society, Uniforms of the Confederacy. Cunningham, F„ General Stand Watie's Confederate Indians, Naylor. Dyer, F. H., A Compendium of the War of Rebellion compiled and arranged from the Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, 1908. Foster-Harris, The Look of the Old West, Bonanza. Halsey Jr, A., Who Fired the First Shot?, Hawthorn. Milhollen, H. D„ Horsemen Blue and Grey, Oxford, N.Y. Military Collector and Historian, Journal of the Company of Military Historians, Washington DC.
Miller, F. T. and Larrier, R. S., Editors, The Photographic History of the Civil
War, 10 Volumes, Review of Reviews 1911. Pakula, M. H., Centennial Album of the Civil War, Yoseloff 1960. Patton Museum Society, The United States Cavalry, Publication No 2. Rodenbough, T. F., The Photographic History of the Union and Confederate
Cavalry in the Civil War (1861-1865), Benchmark. Smith, W. H. B„ Small Arms of the World, Stackpole. Tancig, W. J., Confederate Military Land Units, Yoseloff. Todd, F. P., Soldiers of the American Army 1775-1954, Regnery. Wahl, P. and Toppel, D„ The Gatling Gun, Avco, NY.
American Civil War Cavalry
A concise and detailed guide to the cavalry troops of both sides, covering organisation, uniforms, equipment and insignia; with nine colour plates and many other illustrations.
ISBN 0 85524 098 9 (hard covers) ISBN 0 85524 099 7 (paper covers)
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