Revolvers

The situation with regard to revolvers was much the same. The main sources were captures from Union troops; pre-war weapons already in the South; revolvers made in the Confederacy, usually rather crude copies of the popular Northern guns; and imports from Europe, notably France and England.

The first two categories are covered by the details given under Union revolvers. The Southern manufactured weapons were of very varied quality and reliability, due mainly to the lack of materials and machinery. Brass was used a great deal for frames, for example for the Griswold and Grier (or Griswold and Gunnison) copy of the Colt Navy. Other makes included Leech and Rigdon,

ABOVE: Confederate revolvers: (A) -42 or ■36 calibre Le Mat, (B) •42 Le Faucheaux; (C) •36 or ■44 calibre Tranter; (0) -44 or ■36 calibre Dance Bros copy of the Colt Dragoon with leather holster.

ABOVE: Confederate carbines and US pattern cavalry sabre: (A) Spencer repeating carbine; (B) Enfield Musketoon; (C) Murray carbine; (D) Ml851 US cavalry sabre.

and Rigdon Ansley and Company (Colt Navy copies); J. H. Dance and Bros (Dragoon Colt -44 and -36 copies, with a peculiar flat frame and no recoil shield behind the cylinder); Spiller and Burr (Whitney copies); and Tucker and Sherrod (Dragoon Colt copies).

Imported weapons included the British Deane and Adams -36 and -44 calibre five-shot double-action. Tranter -36 and -44 calibre six-shot double-action revolvers; and the French Lefaucheaux pinfire in various calibres; the Le Mat 'Grapeshot' -42 and -36 calibre nine-shot cylinder with a -63 calibre shotgun barrel below the main barrel, which could be fired by turning down the nose on the hammer. Some of these were actually made in America. Le Mats were carried by Generals P. G. T. Beauregard (once Le Mats partner), J. E. B. Stuart and P. Anderson.

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