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Appomattox Campaign, r-g April: Longstreet's Corps, Gordon's Corps, Hill's Corps, Anderson's Corps, Cavalry Corps, G.W. C. Lee's Div.

ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA AS OF JUNE 1862

jackson's command

Whiting's Division. Hood's Brigade: 18th Ga., 1st Tex., 4th Tex., 5th Tex. Law's Brigade: 4th Ala., 2nd Miss., nth Miss., 6th N.C. Artillery: Staunton Arty., Rowan Arty. Jackson's Division. Winder's (Stonewall) Brigade: 2nd Va., 4th Va., 5th Va., 27th Va., 33rd Va., Allegheny Arty., Rockbridge Arty. Cunningham's Brigade: 21st Va., 42nd Va., 48th Va., 1 st Va. (Irish) Battn., Hampden Arty. Fulkerson's Brigade: 10th Va., 23rd Va., 37th Va., Danville

Arty. Lawton's Brigade: 13th Ga., 26th Va., 31st Ga., 38th Ga., Goth Ga., 61st Ga. Ewell's Division. Elzey's Brigade: 12th Ga., 13th Va., 25th Va., 31st Va., 44th Va., 52nd Va., 58th Va. Trimble's Brigade: 15th Ala., 21st Ga., 16th Miss., 21 st N.C., 1st N.C. Battn. Sharpshooters, Courtney's Battery. Taylor's Brigade: 6th La., 7th La., 8th La., 9th La., 1st La. Special Battn., Charlottesville Arty. Maryland Line: 1st Inf., Co. 'A' Md. Cav., Balto. Battery. Hill's Division. Rhodes's Brigade: 3rd Ala., 5th Ala., 6th Ala., 12th Ala., 26th Ala., King William Arty. Anderson's Brigade: 2nd N.C., 4th N.C., 14th N.C., 30th N.C., Hardaway's Battery. Garland's Brigade: 5th N.C., 12th N.C., 13th N.C., 20th N.C., 23rd N.C., JefT Davis Arty. Colquitt's Brigade: 13th Ala., 6th Ga., 23rd Ga., 27th Ga., 28th Ga. Ripley's Brigade: 44th Ga., 48th Ga., 1st N.C., 3rd N.C. Artillery: Hanover Arty.

magruder's command

Jones's Division. Toombs's Brigade: 2nd Ga., 15th Ga., 17th Ga., 20th Ga. Anderson's Brigade: 1st Ga. (Regulars), 7th Ga., 8th Ga., 9th Ga., 1 ith

A typical pair of officer's field-glasses, made in France. (Author's collection)

Ga. Artillery: Wise Arty, Washington Arty, Madison Arty, Dabney's Battery. McLaw's Division. Semmes's Brigade: 10th Ga., 53rd Ga., 5th La., 10th La., 15th Va., 32nd Va. Kershaw's Brigade: 2nd S.C., 3rd S.C., 7th S.C., 8th S.C., Alexandria Arty.

Magruder's Division. Cobb's Brigade: 16th Ga., 24th Ga., Ga. Legion (Cobb's), 2nd La., 15th N.C., Troup Arty. Barksdale's Brigade: 13th Miss., 17th Miss., 18th Miss., 21st Miss., 1st Richmond Howitzers. Artillery: Pulaski Arty., James City Arty., Magruder Arty. Longstreefs Division. Kemper's Brigade: 1st Va., 7th Va., 1 ith Va., 17th Va., 24th Va., Loudoun Arty. Anderson's Brigade: 2nd S.C. (Rifles), 4th S.C. Battn., 5th S.C., 6th S.C., Palmetto (S.C.) Sharpshooters. Pickett's Brigade: 8th Va., 18th Va., 19th Va., 28th Va., 56th Va. Wilcox's Brigade: 8th Ala., 9th Ala., 10th Ala., 1 ith Ala., Thomas Arty. Pryor's Brigade: 14th Ala., 2nd Fal., 14th Va., 1st La. Battn., 3rd Va., Donaldson-ville Arty. Featherston's Brigade: 12th Miss., 19th Miss., 2nd Miss. Battn., 3rd Richmond Howitzers. Artillery: Washington Arty., Lynchburg Arty., Dixie Arty.

Huger's Division. Mahone's Brigade: 6th Va., 12th Va., 16th Va., 41st Va., 49th Va., Portsmouth Arty. Wright's Brigade: 44th Ala., 3rd Ga., 4th Ga., 22nd Ga., 1st La., Huger's Battery. Armi-stead's Brigade: 9th Va., 14th Va., 38th Va., 53rd Va., 57th Va., 5th Va. Battn., Fauquier Arty., Turner's Battery.

Hill's (Light) Division. Field's Brigade: 40th Va., 47th Va., 55th Va., Goth Va. Gregg's Brigade: 1st S.C., 1st S.C. Rifles, 12th S.C., 13th S.C., 14th S.C. Anderson's Brigade: 14th Ga., 35th Ga., 45th Ga., 49th Ga., 3rd La. Battn. O'Branch's Brigade: 7th N.C., 18th N.C., 28th N.C., 33rd N.C., 37th N.C. Archer's Brigade: 5th Ala. Battn., 19th Ga., 1st Tenn., 7th Tenn., 14th Tenn. Pender's Brigade: 2nd Ark. Battn., 16th N.C., 22nd N.C., 34th N.C., 38th N.C., 22nd Va. Battn. Artillery: Snowden Andrews's Battery, German Arty., Fredericksburg Arty., Crenshaw's Battery, Letcher Arty., Johnson's Battery, Masters's Battery, Pee Dee Arty., Purcell Arty. Holmes's Division. Ramson's Brigade: 24th N.C., 25th N.C., 26th N.C., 35th N.C., 48th N.C., 49th N.C. Daniel's Brigade: 43rd N.C., 45th N.C.,

The Confederates' best supplier was the Federal government. Confederate cavalrymen 'draw' new supplies from a just-captured U.S. supply train

50th N.C., Burroughs's Cavalry Battn. Walker's Brigade: 3rd Ark., 2nd Ga. Battn., 27th N.C., 46th N.C., 30th Va., Goodwyn's Cavalry Co. Artillery: Branch's Battery, Brem's Battery, French's Battery, Graham's Battery.

wise's command

26th Va., 46th Va., Andrews's Battery, Rives's Battery.

reserve artillery ist Va. Arty., Williamsburg Arty., Richmond F ayette Arty., Watson's Battery. Jones's Battalion: Clark's Battery, Orange Arty., Rhett's Battery. 1 st Battn. (Sumpter) Arty.: Blackshear's Battery, Lane's Battery, Price's Battery, Ross's Battery, Hamilton's (Regular) Battery. Second Battn.: Fluvanna Arty., Milledge's Battery, Ashland Arty. Third Battn.: Fluvanna Arty., Amherst Arty., Morris Arty.

cavalry

Va., Ga. Legion, 15th Va. Battn., Hampton Legion, JefT Davis Legion, Stuart's Horse Arty.

ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA AS OF APRIL, 1865

II.Qj Escort: 39th Va. Battn. Provost Guard: 1st Va. Battn., Co. 'B' 44th Va. Battn. Engineers: 1st Regt., two companies, 2nd Regt.

longstrf.et's corps

Pickett's Division. Steuart's Brigade: 9th Va., 14th Va., 38th Va., 53rd Va., 57th Va. Corse's Brigade: 15th Va., 17th Va., 29th Va., 30th Va., 32nd Va. Hunton's Brigade: 8th Va., 18th Va., 19th Va., 28th Va., 56th Va. Terry's Brigade: 1st Va., 3rd Va., 7th Va., 1 ith Va., 24th Va. Field's Division. Perry's (late Law's) Brigade: 4th Ala., 15th Ala., 44th Ala., 47th Ala., 48th Ala. Anderson's Brigade: 7th Ga., 8th Ga., 9th Ga., nth Ga., 59th Ga. Benning's Brigade: 2nd Ga., 15th Ga., 17th Ga., 20th Ga., Bratton's Brigade: 1st S.C., 5th S.C., 6th S.C., 2nd S.C. (Rifles), Palmetto (S.C.) Sharpshooters. Gregg's Brigade: 3rd Ark., 1 st Tex., 4th Tex., 5th Tex. Kershaw's Division. Du Bose's Brigade: 16th Ga., 18th Ga., 24th Ga., 3rd Ga. Battn. Sharpshooters, Cobb's Ga. Legion, Phillips's Ga. Legion. Humphrey's Brigade: 13th Miss., 17th Miss., 18th Miss., 21 st Miss. Simms's Brigade: 10th Ga., 50th Ga., 51st Ga., 53rd Ga.

Artillery: Haskell's Battn.: Planner's Battery, Ramsey's Battery, Garden's Battery, Lamkin's Battery. Huger's Battn.: Moody's Battery, Fick-ling's Battery, Parker's Battery, Smith's Battery, Taylor's Battery, Woolfolk's Battery.

Gordon's corps

Grimes' (late Rhodes') Division. Battle's Brigade: 3rd Ala., 5th Ala., 6th Ala., 12th Ala., 61 st Ala. Grimes's Brigade: 32nd N.C., 43rd N.C., 45th N.C., 53rd N.C., 2nd N.C. Battn. Cox's Brigade: 1st N.C., 2nd N.C., 3rd N.C., 4th N.C., 14th N.C., 30th N.C. Cook's Brigade: 4th Ga., 12th Ga., 21st Ga.,44thGa., Patterson's Battery. Archer's Battn.: 3rd Battn. of Va. Reserves, 44th Battn. of Va. Reserves.

Early's Division. Johnston's Brigade: 5thN.C., 12th N.C., 20th N.C., 23rd N.C., 1st N.C. Battn. Lewis's Brigade: 6th N.C., 21st N.C., 54th N.C., 57th N.C. Walker's (late Pegram's) Brigade: 13th Va., 31st Va., 49th Va., 52nd Va., 58th Va. Gordon's Division. Evans's Brigade: 13th Ga., 26th Ga., 31st Ga., 38th Ga., 60th and 61 st Ga. (combined), 9th Ga. Battn. Arty., 18th Ga. Battn. Arty. Terry's Brigade: 2nd Va., 4th Va., 5th Va., 10th Va., 21 st Va., 23rd Va., 25th Va., 27th Va., 33rd Va., 37th Va., 42nd Va., 44th Va. York's Brigade: 1st La., 2nd La., 5th La.,6th La., 7th La., 8th La., 9th La., 10th La., 14th La., 15th La. Artillery: Braxton's Battn.: Carpenter's Battery, Cooper's Battery, Hardwicke's Battery. Cutshaw's Battn.: Reese's Battery, Carter's Battery, Montgomery's Battery, Fry's Battery, Garber's Battery, Jones's Battery. Hardaway's Battn.: Dance's Battery, Graham's Battery, Griffin's Battery, Smith's Battery. Johnson's Battn.: Clutter's Battery, Pollock's Battery. Lightfoot'sBattn.: Caroline Arty., Nelson Arty., Surry Arty. Stark's Battn.:

Confederate butternut wool officer's vest. (Author's collection)

Green's Battery, French's Battery, Armistead's Battery.

hill's corps Provost Guard: 5th Ala. Battn. Heth's Division. Davis's Brigade: 1st Confederate Battn., 2nd Miss., 11th Miss., 26th Miss., 42nd Miss. Cooke's Brigade: 15th N.C., 27th N.C., 46th N.C., 48th N.C., 55th N.C. MacRae's Brigade: 1 ith N.C., 26th N.C., 44th N.C., 47th N.C., 52nd N.C. McComb's Brigade: 2nd Md. Battn., 1st Tenn. (Provisional Army), 7th Tenn., 14th Tenn., 17th and 23rd Tenn. (combined), 25th and 44th Tenn. (combined), 63rd Tenn. Wilcox's Division. Thomas's Brigade: 14th Ga., 35th Ga., 45th Ga., 49th Ga. Lane's Brigade: 18th N.C., 28th N.C.,' 33rd N.C., 37th N.C., McGowan'sBrigade: istS.C. (Provisional Army), 12th S.C., 13th S.C., 14th S.C., Orr's S.C. Rifles. Scalcs'sBrigade: i3thN.C., 16th N.C., 22nd N.C., 34th N.C., 38th N.C.

Mahone's Division. Forney's Brigade: 8th Ala., 9th Ala., 10th Ala., 1 ith Ala., 13th Ala., 14th Ala.

General Robert E. Lee, centre, greets his defeated troops after Pickett's charge at Gettysburg in this diorama at Gettysburg National Military Park

Weisiger's Brigade: 6th Va., 12th Va., 16th Va., 41st Va., 61 st Va. Harris's Brigade: 12th Miss., 16th Miss., 19th Miss., 48 th Miss. Sorrel's Brigade: 3rd Ga., 22nd Ga., 48th Ga., 64th Ga., 2nd Ga. Battn., 10th Ga. Battn. Finegan's Brigade: 2nd Fla., 5th Fla., 8th Fla., 9th Fla., 10th Fla., 1 ith Fla.

Artillery. Mcintosh's Battn.: Hurt's Battery, Cham-berlayne's Battery, Price's Battery, Donald's Battery. Poague's Battn.: Richards's Battery, Williams's Battery, Johnston's Battery, Utter-back's Battery, Perrick's Battery., 13th Va. Battn.: Otey's Battery, Ringgold Battery. Richardson's Battn.: Gregg's Battery, Cayce's Battery, Ellett's Battery, Brander's Battery.

andf.rson's corps

Johnson's Division. Wise's Brigade: 26th Va., 34th Va., 46th Va., 59th Va. Wallace's Brigade: 17th S.C., 18th S.C., 22nd S.C., 23rd S.C., 26th S.C., Holcombe S.C. Legion. Moody's Brigade: 41st Ala., 43rd Ala., 59th Ala., 60th Ala., 23rd Ala. Battn. Ransom's Brigade: 24th N.C., 25th N.C., 35th N.C., 49th N.C., 56th N.C. Artillery. Blount's Battn.: Slaten's Battery, Cum-ming's Battery, Miller's Battery, Young's Battery.

Coit's Battn.: Bradford's Battery, R.G. Pegram's Battery, Wright's Battery. Stribling's Battn.: Dickerson's Battery, Marshall's Battery, Macon's Battery, Sullivan's Battery. Smith's Battn.: 1st Md. Arty., Johnston's Battery, Neblett's Battery, Drcwry's Battery, Kevill's Battery.

cavalry corps

Fitzhugh Lee's Division. Munford's Brigade: 1 st Va., 2nd Va., 3rd Va., 4th Va. Payne's Brigade: 5th Va., 6th Va., 8th Va., 36th Va. Battn. Gary's Brigade: 7th Ga., 7th S.C., Hampton's S.C. Legion, 24th Va.

W. //. F. Lee's Division. Barringer's Brigade: 1 st N.C., 2nd N.C., 3rd N.C., 5th N.C. Beale's Brigade: 9th Va., 10th Va., 13th Va., 14th Va. Roberts's Brigade: 4th N.C., 16th N.C. Battn. Rosser's Division. Dearing's Brigade: 7th Va., 1 ith Va., 12th Va., 35th Va. Battn. McCausland's Brigade: 16th Va., 17th Va., 21st Va., 22nd Va. Artillery. Chew's Battn.: Graham's Battery, McGregor's Battery. Breathed's Battn.: P. P. Johnston's Battery, Shoemaker's Battery, Thompson's Battery.

G. W. C. Lee's Division. (Composed of Barton's and Crutchfield's Brigades, with Tucker's Naval Battalion attached.)

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Albaugh, William A., and Simmons, Edward, Confederate Arms. Harrisburg, 1958.

Fremantle, Lieutenant-Colonel A.J. L., The Fremantle Diary, New York, 1954.

Lord, Francis, Civil War Collector's Encyclopedia, Harris-burg, 1963.

Miller, F., Photographic History of the Civil War, New York, 1909.

McCarthy, Francis, Detailed Minutiae of Soldier Life in the Army of Northern Virginia, Richmond, 1882.

Wiley, Bell I., The Life of Johnny Reb, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1943.

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