This is a steel parade model of the most common bayonet that Civil War soldiers carried. Most were made of iron. The sides were not sharp, only the point. The men often used these bayonets as tent pegs. They also jammed them into tabletops or stumps and then used them as candlesticks. In a crisis, these bayonets also became handy digging tools.
Cannons were the deadliest weapons in any Civil War fight. Most were made of bronze or steel and were loaded at the muzzle. Some were rifled. This means the insides of their barrels were cut with grooves that helped the cannonballs fly on long, straight paths. But the majority of the cannons were smoothbores. This means the insides of their barrels were smooth and had no grooves. This type of cannon could fire a wide variety of y ammunition, but it was not as accurate as a rifled gun. To load one, a crew member wiped out the inside of the barrel with a wet sponge to put out any Telescope sparks from an earlier shot. Next a bag of gunpowder was stuffed into the barrel and pushed down to the bottom with a long pole called a rammer. Then a cannonball was placed in the barrel and pushed down. A crew member then jammed a long wire needle called a pick into a hole drilled into the barrel's base. The pick made a hole in the gunpowder bag. Next a fuse was placed into the hole at the barrel's base, and a long string was attached to a pin set into the top of the fuse. When the string was pulled, the pin popped out of the fuse, making a spark. The spark shot down into the barrel and hit the hole in the gunpowder bag made by the pick. At that point, the gunpowder exploded and sent the cannonball shooting out of the gun's mouth.
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