Case Shot

The load shown here is a hollow iron shot filled with slugs and gunpowder. It is called case shot. A time fuse was screwed into the round opening in the ball. Case shot exploded in midair over the heads of attacking troops. Jagged fragments of the shell and its load of slugs rained down, killing or injuring the enemy.

Fuse hole

GUNNER'S THUMB STALL

Before a cannon was reloaded, it was sponged out to kill any sparks inside. A gun crew member slipped this leather protective cover over his thumb and held it on top of the roasting-hot Strapping fuse hole at the cannon's base while the sponging continued. His thumb cut off the air supply to any burning debris in the gun.

Solid iron ball

Cast-bronze tube

Leather vent cover to keep rainwater out of the tube

SOLID SHOT AND SABOT Solid iron cannonballs and hollow iron balls were strapped to a round piece of wood called a sabot. Sabot is the French word for "shoe."

The wood piece kept the balls from rolling around in the ammunition chest and allowed them to sit well on top of a gunpowder bag inside a cannon barrel. The sabot and straps disintegrated when the cannon fired.

Detachable blade sight

Cascabel, used to maneuver the gun

Swab

Leather vent cover to keep rainwater out of the tube

Cascabel, used to maneuver the gun

Swab

Detachable blade sight

Sponge

Spoke

Iron wheel band

Wood wheel rim

Sponge

Spoke

Iron wheel band

Wood wheel rim

Gettysburg

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