In both the Union and Confederate armies, cooks and musicians worked as stretcher bearers during battles. In this photograph of Union Zouave troops performing an ambulance drill, the discarded drum hints that these men made music when not carrying the wounded. Their ambulance had few springs, so its bumpy ride was painful for its injured passengers.
Zouave turban Litter or stretcher hanging stretchers , Rolled canvas
A MEDICAL MAN'S UNIFORM This is the homespun "butternut"
uniform of Confederate Major William H. Harrison. His records describe him as the medical purveyor of the South's Army of Tennessee. This is believed to mean he provided that army with medical supplies. Union army medical officers' uniforms were distinguished by black stripes down the outside pants seams.
A WARTIME SURGEON'S INSTRUMENTS A bullet forceps, used to extract bullets, a crimper for snipping off bits of shattered bone, and a bone saw were the tools surgeons used most after battles. The most common operation that an army surgeon performed was an amputation. Amputation knives came in a variety of sizes. They enabled the surgeon to remove anything he needed to, from the tip of a little finger to an entire leg.
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